Historical Events in 1836

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Davy Crockett arrives in Nacogdoches, Texas, to aid the revolution

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett
  • Jan 12 Battle of Wetumka, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin reaches Sydney, Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • Feb 3 Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • Feb 6 HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrive in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Feb 7 "Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • Feb 22 Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
  • Feb 23 Alamo besieged for 13 days until March 6 by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed

InventionHistoric Invention

Feb 25 Samuel Colt patents first multi-shot revolving-cylinder revolver, enabling the firearm to be fired multiple times without reloading

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • Feb 25 US Showman Phineas Taylor Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth, claiming she was 161 year-old nursemaid to George Washington
  • Feb 29 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Les Huguenots," premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico in Columbia

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • Mar 5 Samuel Colt manufactures first pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model
  • Mar 6 Battle of the Alamo: After 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexican soldiers overwhelm the Texan defenders, killing 182-257 Texans including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett
  • Mar 16 Constitution of the Republic of Texas approved, legalises slavery
  • Mar 27 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland, Ohio)
  • Apr 14 US Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin
  • Apr 19 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Apr 20 Territory of Wisconsin created
  • Apr 21 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • May 7 The settlement of Mayag├╝ez elevates Puerto Rico to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain
  • May 15 Francis Baily observes "Baily's Beads" during annular solar eclipse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio "St Paul" premieres in Dusseldorf

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn
  • May 31 HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
  • Jun 1 Charles Darwin returns to Cape Town in South Africa
  • Jun 15 Arkansas becomes 25th state of the Union
  • Jun 16 London Working Men's Association forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Jul 4 Wisconsin Territory forms
  • Jul 8 Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle and takes up lodgings near the tomb of Napoleon
  • Jul 13 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
  • Jul 19 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin arrives in Ascension Island
  • Jul 21 1st Canadian RR opens, between Laprairie and St John, Quebec
  • Jul 27 Adelaide, South Australia, founded
  • Jul 29 Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • Jul 30 First English language newspaper published in Hawaii
  • Aug 1 As part of their homeward journey on the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin returns to Bahia in Brazil
  • Aug 17 British parliament accepts registration of births, marriages and deaths
  • Aug 17 Charles Darwin leaves South America for the last time on HMS Beagle
  • Aug 19 HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores
  • Aug 30 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • Aug 31 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • Sep 1 Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
  • Sep 1 Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 5 Sam Houston elected President of the Republic of Texas

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • Sep 25 HMS Beagle anchors at St Michael
  • Oct 2 After 5 years at sea Charles Darwin returns to England aboard the HMS Beagle
  • Oct 12 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
  • Oct 22 Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected President of the Republic of Texas
  • Oct 24 Earliest American patent for a phosphorus friction match by Alonzo Dwight Phillips of Springfield, Massachusetts
  • Nov 10 Louis Napoleon banished to America
  • Nov 11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • Dec 4 Whig party holds its first national convention, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 7 Martin Van Buren elected the 8th President of the United States

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Dec 10 Emory College (now Emory University) is chartered in Oxford, Georgia.
  • Dec 14 The Toledo War unofficially ends
  • Dec 15 Patent Office burns in Washington D.C.
  • Dec 27 Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • Dec 28 Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
  • Dec 28 Proclamation of South Australia as a British Province. Formal proclamation was read out in what is now the Adelaide suburb of Glenelg North by Captain (later Rear Admiral, Governor, Sir) John Hindmarsh
  • Dec 30 Lehman Theater in St Petersburg catches fire; 100s die