On This Day

Historical Events in 1843

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 2 Richard Wagner's opera "The Flying Dutchman" premieres in Dresden

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Jan 3 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 4 Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • Feb 1 Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America - The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens
  • Feb 2 US & British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • Feb 6 The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
  • Feb 11 Opera "I Lombardi" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 1 5th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard 12/1 Vanguard wins; first year race run as a handicap
  • Mar 3 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • Mar 7 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Apr 6 William Wordsworth is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Victoria

Poet William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth
Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • May 4 Great Britain annexes Natal
  • May 18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • May 22 1st wagon train with 700 - 1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon
  • Jun 1 It snows in Buffalo and Rochester, NY, & Cleveland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth

  • Jun 24 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside ghetto in Italy
  • Jun 26 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony

Historic CommunicationThe Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

Jul 2 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

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Newspaper cutting fom the Times-Picayune on the day an alligator fell from the sky
Newspaper cutting fom the Times-Picayune on the day an alligator fell from the sky
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  • Jul 5 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith

BoatSS Great Britain

Jul 19 The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world

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A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
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  • Aug 8 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
  • Aug 15 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • Aug 15 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • Aug 26 Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • Aug 30 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • Aug 31 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • Oct 1 News of the World begins publication in London
  • Oct 13 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
  • Oct 14 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • Oct 16 Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers.
  • Oct 20 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • Nov 27 Opera "Bohemian Girl" by Michael William Balfe with a libretto by Alfred Bunn first produced in London
  • Nov 28 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • Dec 4 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented in Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig

Composer Robert Schumann
Robert Schumann
  • Dec 6 Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
  • Dec 17 Henry Cole, founder of London's V&A Museum, commissions printing of the 1st Christmas card

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Dec 19 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is published, 6,000 copies sold

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Dec 25 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)