On This Day

Historical Events in 1843

Music Premiere

Jan 2 Richard Wagner's opera "The Flying Dutchman" premieres in Dresden

  • Jan 3 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 4 Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • Feb 1 Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America - The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens
  • Feb 2 US & British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • Feb 6 The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
  • Feb 11 Opera "I Lombardi" premieres in Milan

The General, The Schoolgirl, And The Famous One-Word Despatch

Feb 17 Battle of Miani: Bombay Army of the East India Company led by Charles Napier defeats a Baluch army of Talpur Emirs of Sindh led by Mir Nasir Khan Talpur. Leading to the capture of parts of Sindh, the company's first possession in modern-day Pakistan.

  • Mar 1 5th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard 12/1 Vanguard wins; first year race run as a handicap
  • Mar 3 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • Mar 7 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • May 4 Great Britain annexes Natal
  • May 18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • May 22 1st wagon train with 700 - 1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon
  • Jun 1 It snows in Buffalo and Rochester, NY, & Cleveland, Ohio

Historic Event

Jun 1 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

  • Jun 24 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside a ghetto in Italy
  • Jun 26 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony

The Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

Jul 2 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

  • Jul 5 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

Historic Event

Jul 12 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

SS Great Britain

Jul 19 The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world

  • Aug 8 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
  • Aug 15 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • Aug 15 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • Aug 26 American inventor Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • Aug 30 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • Aug 31 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • Oct 1 News of the World begins publication in London
  • Oct 13 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
  • Oct 14 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • Oct 16 Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers.
  • Oct 20 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • Nov 27 Opera "Bohemian Girl" by Michael William Balfe with a libretto by Alfred Bunn first produced in London
  • Nov 28 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • Dec 4 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented in Massachusetts

Music History

Dec 4 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig

  • Dec 6 Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
  • Dec 17 Henry Cole, founder of London's V&A Museum, commissions printing of the 1st Christmas card

Historic Publication

Dec 19 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is published, 6,000 copies sold

  • Dec 25 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)