On This Day

Historical Events in March 1849

  • Mar 3 Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin and the $1 Gold Liberty coin in the USA
  • Mar 3 Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • Mar 3 US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 US President Zachary Taylor delays his swearing-in and inauguration ceremony for one day due to religious reasons, rising to the false belief by some that Senator David Atchison (President pro tempore) technically assumed the office of President for one day

  • Mar 5 Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US President
  • Mar 9 Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres

Historic Invention

Mar 10 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US President to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

  • Mar 12 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
  • Mar 23 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
  • Mar 27 Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • Mar 29 Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • Mar 31 Colonel John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of San Francisco