On This Day

Historical Events in 1852

  • Jan 1 1st US public bath opens in New York City
  • Jan 1 National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • Jan 1 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • Jan 3 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • Jan 17 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • Feb 2 1st British public men's toilet opens in Fleet St, London
  • Feb 2 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • Feb 15 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • Feb 16 Studebaker Brothers wagon company established - precursor of the automobile manufacturer
  • Feb 19 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

Feb 21 George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president

  • Feb 26 British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa, 458 die, 193 survive
  • Mar 1 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • Mar 3 14th Grand National: Alec Goodman wins first of 2 GN victories (1866) aboard Miss Mowbray
  • Mar 7 Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • Mar 13 Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the New York Lantern weekly
  • Mar 25 Friedrich Hebbel's tragedy "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich
  • Mar 26 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • Mar 29 Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 and women to work more than 10 hours a day
  • Apr 19 California Historical Society forms

Historic Publication

Apr 29 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published in Great Britain

  • Apr 30 Anton Rubinstein's opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg
  • May 1 The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation

Historic Publication

May 1 Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm publish the first part of their German Dictionary (fully completed 1961)

  • May 8 Second London protocol signed reaffirming Danish federation control of independent Duchies of Holstein, Lauenburg and Schleswig
  • May 18 Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • Jul 3 Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)

Historic Event

Jul 5 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham

  • Jul 9 Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada
  • Jul 23 Private John Brown becomes the 1st interment in the National Cemetery at the Presidio in San Francisco, California
  • Jul 31 Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg)
  • Aug 1 San Francisco Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • Aug 3 America's first intercollegiate sporting event takes place as the Harvard heavyweight rowing crew beats Yale by 2 lengths over 2 miles on Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire
  • Aug 13 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collides with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • Aug 21 Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory.
  • Sep 3 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Sep 11 Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia River
  • Sep 14 Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • Sep 24 Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st engine powered dirigible/airship flight with steam power
  • Sep 27 George Aiken's play "Uncle Tom's Cabin" an adaptation of Harriet Beecher Stowe's famous anti-slavery novel premieres in Troy, New York

Historic Expedition

Oct 1 Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

  • Oct 11 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • Oct 16 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize

Election of Interest

Nov 2 Franklin Pierce elected as President of US

  • Nov 4 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy
  • Nov 18 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • Nov 18 Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • Nov 20 Charles Reade and Tom Taylor's historical comedy play "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • Nov 21 Duke University founded in 1838 as Union Institute, chartered as Normal College
  • Nov 23 Just past midnight, a sharp jolt likely caused by heavy rains causes Lake Merced, California, to drop 30 feet (9m)
  • Dec 1 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • Dec 8 Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau
  • Dec 17 1st Hawaiian cavalry organized

Election of Interest

Dec 18 George Hamilton-Gordon becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after the downfall of the Conservative government of Edward Smith-Stanley

  • Dec 23 1st Chinese theater in US, the Celestial John, opens in San Francisco
  • Dec 29 Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants