On This Day

Historical Events in July 1853

Conference of Interest

Jul 6 National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends

  • Jul 6 William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American

Historic Event

Jul 8 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

  • Jul 9 Commodore Matthew Perry and four US Navy vessels visit Japan to force them to open up to American trade and end their policy of isolation
  • Jul 14 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

Historic Event

Jul 14 US President Franklin Pierce opens World Fair - Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York

  • Jul 14 New Zealand holds its first general election
  • Jul 18 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal

Historic Event

Jul 21 Central Park in New York created when New York State Legislature puts aside more than 750 acres of land on Manhattan Island

  • Jul 25 Joaquin Murrieta, the famous Californian bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed by California Rangers

Historic Invention

Jul 31 First night time surgery performed at Lychakiv Hospital in Lemberg (now Liviv, Poland), using new paraffin oil lamps invented by Ignacy Łukasiewicz