Historical Events in April 1861

  • Apr 5 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • Apr 8 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by Confederacy (US Civil War)

Battle of Fort Sumter

Apr 12 Fort Sumter in South Carolina is attacked by the Confederacy, beginning the American Civil War

  • Apr 13 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • Apr 14 Formal Union surrender of Fort Sumter (US Civil War)

Historic Event

Apr 15 Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Abraham Lincoln (US Civil War)

  • Apr 16 US President Abraham Lincoln outlaws business with Confederate States (US Civil War)
  • Apr 17 Indianola TX - "Star of West" taken by Confederacy
  • Apr 17 Virginia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Historic Event

Apr 18 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

  • Apr 19 Baltimore riots - 4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • Apr 19 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • Apr 23 Arkansas troops seize Fort Smith on the Arkansas River
  • Apr 23 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • Apr 25 Battle of Lavaca, fought in Texas, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Apr 25 The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)
  • Apr 27 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)
  • Apr 27 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 29 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 30 US President Abraham Lincoln orders Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)