On This Day

Historical Events in January 1861

  • Jan 1 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • Jan 2 South Carolina seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • Jan 2 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • Jan 3 Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • Jan 3 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • Jan 4 US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
  • Jan 5 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • Jan 5 Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • Jan 6 Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • Jan 6 NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with North and South
  • Jan 7 Florida troops takeover Fort Marion at St Augustine (US Civil War)
  • Jan 8 US Civil War: Union forces abandon Fort Barrancas in favor of Fort Pikens on Santa Rosa Island, near Pensacola, Florida

Battle of Fort Sumter

Jan 9 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

  • Jan 9 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 10 Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
  • Jan 10 US forts & property seized by Mississippi
  • Jan 10 Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 11 Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
  • Jan 11 Alabama secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 12 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
  • Jan 15 US Civil War: Union forces at Fort Pikens on Santa Rosa Island near Pensacola, Florida refuse Florida Militia demand to surrender

Historic Invention

Jan 15 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

  • Jan 19 Mississippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island (US Civil War)
  • Jan 19 Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Historic Event

Jan 21 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)

  • Jan 24 Federal troops from Fort Monroe are sent to Fort Pikens on Santa Rosa Island near Pensacola, Florida
  • Jan 25 Arsenal Augustaseized by Confederacy in Georgia (US Civil War)
  • Jan 26 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 29 US state of Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state
  • Jan 31 Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • Jan 31 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)