On This Day

Historical Events in November 1861

Historic Event

Nov 1 General George McClellan made general in chief of Union armies

  • Nov 2 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • Nov 3 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina begins, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Nov 4 University of Washington founded in Seattle

Election of Interest

Nov 6 Jefferson Davis elected to 6 year term as US Confederate President

Victory in Battle

Nov 7 Battle of Belmont, fought in Mississippi County, Missouri begins, first combat test for Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, Union victory (US Civil War)

  • Nov 7 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina ends, Union forces capture Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard (US Civil War)
  • Nov 8 Battle of Mount Ivy, Kentucky: Union Commander General William "Bull" Nelson breaks up Confederate recruiting camp

Historic Event

Nov 8 USS San Jacinto commanded by Charles Wilkes captures two Confederate diplomats from the British mail steamer Trent, almost causing a war between the US and the UK

  • Nov 9 1st documented Canadian football game (at U of Toronto)
  • Nov 13 A letter is written by Reverend Mark R. Watkinson petitioning the Treasury Department to "recognize Almighty God" on American coins; the department eventually decides on the motto "In God We Trust"
  • Nov 18 The first provisional meeting of the Confederate Congress is held in Richmond, Virginia
  • Nov 19 American abolitionist Julia Ward Howe commits lyrics of "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • Nov 19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • Nov 20 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government
  • Nov 22 Battle of Fort McRee, Florida
  • Nov 24 Luik-Visé-Maastricht railway opens
  • Nov 26 West Virginia created as a result of dispute over slavery with Virginia
  • Nov 28 Confederate congress officially admits Missouri to Confederacy
  • Nov 30 Harper's Weekly publishes EE Beers' "All quiet along the Potomac"