On This Day

Historical Events in February 1862

  • Feb 1 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Historic Event

Feb 1 Ralph Waldo Emerson and Charles Sumner meet with President Abraham Lincoln at The White House, Washington

Victory in Battle

Feb 6 General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

  • Feb 6 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • Feb 6 Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • Feb 7 Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • Feb 8 Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound

Music Premiere

Feb 10 Julius Benedict and Dion Boucicault's opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres at Convent Garden in London

  • Feb 10 Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • Feb 13 -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 14 Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • Feb 15 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 16 Fort Donelson is captured by General Ulysses S. Grant following the surrender of around 12,000 Confederate soldiers
  • Feb 21 US Confederate Constitution and presidency come into effect, last until the end of the Civil War in 1865

Victory in Battle

Feb 21 Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Valverde, Confederate Arizona (now New Mexico)

1st US One-Dollar Notes

Feb 25 Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving and Printing to print newly issued US paper currency, the United States Notes

Historic Event

Feb 25 First Legal Tender Act 1862 is passed by the US Congress, authorizing the United States Note (greenback) into circulation, the first fiat paper money that was legal tender in America

  • Feb 26 Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
  • Feb 28 Charles Gounod's opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris