On This Day

Historical Events in 1862 (Part 2)

  • Sep 14 Battle at Crampton's Gap: Union troops win a tactical victory over Confederate forces
  • Sep 14 Battle at South Mountain: Union troops defeat an outnumbered Confederate force
  • Sep 14 Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky, begins
  • Sep 14 Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • Sep 14 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • Sep 15 Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • Sep 16 Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4,000 federals at Munfordville, KY
  • Sep 17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • Sep 17 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
  • Sep 17 Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky, US Col J Wilder surrenders city
  • Sep 17 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • Sep 18 Confederate armies officially divide into corps
  • Sep 18 General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
  • Sep 19 -20] Battle at Blackford's Ford, Virginia
  • Sep 19 Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)

Historic Event

Sep 22 US President Abraham Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, threatening to free all enslaved people in the rebel southern states if those states fail to re-join the Union by January 1, 1863 [1]

  • Sep 23 US President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation is published in northern newspapers [1]

The German Empire

Sep 23 Otto von Bismarck appointed Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Prussia by King Wilhelm I

  • Sep 24 Confederate Congress adopts confederacy seal
  • Sep 25 Skirmish at Davis' Bridge, Tennessee
  • Sep 30 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • Sep 30 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech
  • Oct 3 -10] Battle of Corinth, Mississippi
  • Oct 3 Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky
  • Oct 4 Battle of Corinth ends
  • Oct 5 Battle of Hatchie Bridge, Tennessee; confederate forces avoid capture by Union army
  • Oct 5 Federal fleet occupies Galveston, Texas
  • Oct 8 Battle of Perryville, Kentucky - Confederate invasion halted

Historic Event

Oct 12 Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"

  • Oct 12 Major General Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Confederate troops in Mississippi
  • Oct 12 Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
  • Oct 14 Baseballer James Creighton ruptures bladder hitting HR, dies 10/18
  • Oct 14 Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
  • Oct 17 Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • Oct 18 Morgan's raiders capture federal garrison at Lexington, KY
  • Oct 20 Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
  • Oct 22 Battle at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory
  • Oct 22 Confederate troops reconquer Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • Nov 3 Battle until the 5th November between gunboats at Bayou Teche, a waterway in Louisiana

Historic Invention

Nov 4 American inventor Richard Jordan Gatling patents the hand cranked Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis

Historic Event

Nov 5 Ambrose Burnside replaces McClellen as head of Army of Potomac

  • Nov 5 Battle at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia: 51 casualties
  • Nov 6 New York-San Francisco direct telegraphic link forms

Historic Event

Nov 9 US General Ulysses S. Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him

  • Nov 17 Confederate Secretary of War George B. Randolph resigns
  • Nov 17 Union General Ambrose Burnside marches north out of Washington, D.C., to begin the Fredericksburg campaign
  • Nov 20 Confederate armies of Mississippi and Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee, under General Braxton Bragg

Music History

Nov 22 Opera "La Forza del Destino" by Giuseppe Verdi debuts at Bolshoi Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia [Nov 10 O.S.]

  • Nov 24 M Levy publishes Gustave Flaubert's novel "Salammbo"
  • Nov 28 Battle at Cane Hill, Arkansas (475 casualties)
  • Nov 28 Battle of Hooly Spring, MS
  • Dec 5 Battle of Coffeeville, MS
  • Dec 6 US President Abraham Lincoln orders hanging of 39 Santee Sioux Indians
  • Dec 7 Battle of Hartsville, TN
  • Dec 7 Battle of Prairie Grove, AR

Battle of Interest

Dec 11 Battle of Fredricksburg in Virginia begins between Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General Ambrose Burnside

  • Dec 12 Battle of Dumfries, Virginia
  • Dec 12 Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
  • Dec 13 Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia (Marye's Heights)
  • Dec 14 Battle of Kinston, fought in Lenoir County, North Carolina begins (Goldsboro Expedition), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Dec 16 Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
  • Dec 17 General Ulysses S. Grant issues order #11, expelling Jews from Tennessee
  • Dec 18 Battle at Lexington, Tennessee (part of Forrest's Second Raid)
  • Dec 19 Skirmish at Jackson, Salem Church, Tennessee (80 casualties)
  • Dec 20 -Dec 20th] Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA
  • Dec 20 -Jan 3rd] Vicksburg campaign
  • Dec 20 Confederate raid on Union supplies at Holly Springs, Mississippi

Historic Event

Dec 20 Confederate Army Brigadier General Nathan Bedford Forrest occupies Trenton, Kentucky (US Civil War)

  • Dec 22 -Jan 2nd) Raid on Morgan's: Bardstown to Elizabethtown, KY

Historic Event

Dec 23 Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis

  • Dec 25 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, South Carolina
  • Dec 26 Battle of Dumfries begins in Virginia
  • Dec 26 1st US navy hospital ship enters service
  • Dec 26 Largest mass execution in US history: 38 Dakota men were executed via hanging in the aftermath of the U.S.-Dakota War in Mankato, Minnesota.
  • Dec 27 Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, MS (Chickasaw Bayou)
  • Dec 27 Battle of Elizabethtown, Kentucky

Victory in Battle

Dec 29 Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat General William T. Sherman

  • Dec 29 Bowling ball invented
  • Dec 31 -Jan 20th) Battle of Stone's River (Battle of Murfreesboro), Tennessee in US Civil War
  • Dec 31 President Abraham Lincoln signs act admitting West Virginia to the Union
  • Dec 31 Skirmish at Parker Cross Roads, Tennessee
  • Dec 31 Union ironclad ship "Monitor" sank off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina