Historical Events in March 1863

  • Mar 3 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Historic Event

Mar 3 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 Idaho Territory forms

Historic Event

Mar 3 US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad

  • Mar 4 Battle of Thompson's Station, Tennessee
  • Mar 4 Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 11 25th Grand National: George Stevens wins his 2nd GN aboard 4/1 Emblem; winning mare's full sister Emblematic wins the following year
  • Mar 17 Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia with 211 causalities
  • Mar 19 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 21 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon

Historic Event

Mar 25 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded to six army soldiers by US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton in Washington

  • Mar 25 Skirmish at Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Mar 26 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Historic Event

Mar 27 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

  • Mar 30 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31 Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi and Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia