On This Day

Historical Events in May 1863

  • May 1 Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled first opens its doors in New York City, oldest orthopaedic hospital in the United States
  • May 1 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, 29,000 injured or died
  • May 1 Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • May 1 Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • May 1 Confederate congress passes resolution to kill black soldiers
  • May 2 South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Stonewall Jackson attacking Chancellorsville is wounded by his own men

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 3 Battle of Salem Church, Virginia
  • May 3 The Second Battle of Fredericksburg occurs in Virginia, part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of the American Civil War
  • May 4 U.S. Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville, action at Salem Church; Union Army withdraws
  • May 5 Irish boxer Joe Coburn KOs American Mike McCoole in the 67th round in his first defence of Heavyweight C'ship of America in Charlestown, Maryland
  • May 8 Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • May 12 Battle of Raymond, Mississippi
  • May 14 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, Mississippi takes place

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Salon des Refusés opens in Paris, exhibition of works rejected by official Salon, features Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler, and Édouard Manet

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
Painter Camille Pissarro
Painter
Camille Pissarro
Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • May 16 Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi - bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • May 17 Battle of Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • May 17 Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language

BattleBattle of Interest

May 18 US General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg, Mississippi; after 47 days of battle siege, Confederate Lt. General John C. Pemberton’s troops surrender [1]

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 19 Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • May 21 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins
  • May 22 War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • May 23 Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan
  • May 27 CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River, Georgia, 18 die
  • May 27 Siege of Port Hudson in Louisiana by Union forces. Lasts 48 days, longest American military siege
  • May 28 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in US Civil War