On This Day

Historical Events in 1863 (Part 2)

Music Premiere

Sep 10 Georges Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles" premieres in Paris

  • Sep 16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • Sep 17 Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
  • Sep 18 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park, Sr. wins his 2nd title; beats rival Tom Morris Sr. by 2 strokes

Battle of Interest

Sep 19 Battle of Chickamauga, GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union forces retreat after a couple days of fighting

  • Sep 20 Battle of Shepardstown VA
  • Sep 20 US Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee ends with a Union withdrawal
  • Sep 21 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • Sep 23 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • Sep 27 Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
  • Sep 29 Opera "The Pearl Fishers" (Les Pêcheurs de Perles) by Bizet is first produced at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris
  • Oct 1 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • Oct 1 Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens

Historic Event

Oct 3 US President Abraham Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day

  • Oct 5 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • Oct 6 Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas
  • Oct 6 Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn
  • Oct 9 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)
  • Oct 10 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • Oct 11 Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
  • Oct 13 Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • Oct 14 Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • Oct 15 Cliff House opens in San Francisco, 1st of many on the site
  • Oct 16 Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • Oct 18 Battle of Charlestown, WV
  • Oct 19 Battle of Buckland Mills, Virginia
  • Oct 26 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • Oct 26 Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby
  • Oct 27 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • Oct 28 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • Oct 29 International Committee of Red Cross forms as result Geneva held conference (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
  • Oct 31 The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato
  • Nov 1 -8] Averell's Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia
  • Nov 1 Fortifications built on Angel Island (San Francisco Bay) by troops
  • Nov 3 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War
  • Nov 6 Battle of Rogersville, Tennessee, Confederates recapture Rogersville
  • Nov 7 Battles of Rappahannock Station & Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • Nov 14 Skirmish at Danville, Mississippi
  • Nov 16 Battle of Campbell's Station TN, 492 causalities
  • Nov 17 -Dec 4th) Battle of Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Nov 17 Abraham Lincoln begins 1st draft of his Gettysburg Address
  • Nov 19 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score and seven years ago..."
  • Nov 23 Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, Tennessee begins (results in Union victory 25 Nov)
  • Nov 23 Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
  • Nov 24 Battle of Chattanooga, Columbia & Lookout Mt begins in Tennessee
  • Nov 25 Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee
  • Nov 26 -Dec 2] Mine Run campaign, VA
  • Nov 27 -29] Battle at Fort Esperanza, Texas
  • Nov 27 Battle of Payne's Farm, Virginia
  • Nov 29 Battle of Fort Sanders, Tennessee: Confederate troops fail to break through Union defenses with 8-900 causalities
  • Nov 30 Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas

Historic Siege

Dec 3 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

  • Dec 8 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana, Santiago, Chile
  • Dec 8 Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South
  • Dec 14 Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee
  • Dec 15 Skirmish at Bean's Station, Tennessee (Knoxville Campaign)
  • Dec 15 Romania's mountain railway, from Anina to Oravita, opens

Appointment of Interest

Dec 16 Braxton Bragg is replaced by Joseph E. Johnston as commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee