On This Day

Historical Events in 1864

Events 1 - 200 of 338

  • Jan 11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • Jan 14 Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee

Historic Event

Jan 14 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • Jan 16 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee

Battle of Interest

Jan 17 General James Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem, Tennessee

  • Jan 21 The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
  • Jan 27 Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • Jan 27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • Jan 28 Battle of New Bern, North Carolina
  • Feb 1 -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • Feb 1 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control
  • Feb 2 -Oct 7th) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Feb 3 Sherman's march through Mississippi
  • Feb 4 Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • Feb 5 Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
  • Feb 5 Danish army begins its withdrawal from Danevirke to Dybbøl through driven snow, last time the Danes would occupy Danevirke, symbol of Danish identity
  • Feb 6 -7] Skirmish at Barnett's Ford Virginia
  • Feb 7 Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • Feb 13 Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi
  • Feb 15 Fire in Rotterdam damages Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
  • Feb 16 Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • Feb 17 Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic - world' first successful submarine attack
  • Feb 19 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • Feb 20 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
  • Feb 21 -22] Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
  • Feb 21 1st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
  • Feb 22 -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia
  • Feb 22 2nd and last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • Feb 22 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Battle of Dug Hill), Tennessee
  • Feb 24 -Feb 25] Battle of Tunnel Hill, GA (Buzzard's Roost)
  • Feb 27 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • Feb 27 Near Andersonville, Georgia, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • Feb 28 -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton's Ford)
  • Feb 28 -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick's Richmond
  • Mar 1 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • Mar 1 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree
  • Mar 5 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge

Appointment of Interest

Mar 9 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

  • Mar 9 26th Grand National: George Stevens wins his 3rd GN aboard 10/1 Emblematic; winning mare's full sister Emblem the race winner the previous year
  • Mar 10 Ulysses S. Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • Mar 10 Red River campaign begun in Louisiana by Union forces
  • Mar 11 Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles killing at least 240, in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
  • Mar 11 The Great Sheffield Flood: the largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield

Music History

Mar 14 Gioachino Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris

  • Mar 14 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • Mar 15 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
  • Mar 19 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 21 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • Mar 23 Encounter at Camden, Arkansas
  • Mar 25 Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
  • Mar 29 Great Britain gives the Ionian Islands back to Greece
  • Mar 29 Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia, Arkansas
  • Mar 30 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Spoonville, Antoine, Arkansas
  • Apr 3 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • Apr 4 Skirmish at Elkin's Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas
  • Apr 8 Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana; Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
  • Apr 9 Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, Confederate assault repulsed by Union side with high cost of estimated 3,100 causalities
  • Apr 9 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War

Historic Event

Apr 10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

  • Apr 12 Battle of Blair's Landing, Louisiana

Victory in Battle

Apr 12 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee

  • Apr 15 General Steeles' Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas
  • Apr 17 Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
  • Apr 17 Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • Apr 17 Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
  • Apr 18 Battle of Poison Springs, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 18 Battle of Dybbøl: Denmark is defeated by Prussian and Austrian forces storming Dybbol fort in the deciding battle of the Second Schleswig War
  • Apr 22 US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • Apr 23 Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
  • Apr 25 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 29 -30] Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
  • Apr 29 The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York

Battle of Gate Pā

Apr 29 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga

  • Apr 30 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; General W R Scurry is killed
  • Apr 30 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
  • May 1 -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
  • May 1 Atlanta campaign, Georgia begins
  • May 3 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
  • May 4 -16] actions at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia
  • May 4 General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army at Potomac attacks Robert E. Lee's Confederates at Rappahannock River
  • May 5 Atlanta Campaign: 5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
  • May 5 Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
  • May 5 Battle of Wilderness, Virginia (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
  • May 5 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga to Atlanta
  • May 6 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, fought in Virginia begins (Battle of Port Walthall Junction), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • May 6 Battle of Wilderness, fought in Virginia, Confederate General James Longstreet seriously injured (Overland Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • May 6 Union Army General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia during the Atlanta Campaign (US Civil War)
  • May 7 Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
  • May 7 Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • May 8 Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • May 8 Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton
  • May 8 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House begins
  • May 9 -20] Skirmish at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia
  • May 9 Battle of Cloyd's Mt, & Swift Creek, Virginia (Drewery's Bluff, Fort Darling)
  • May 9 Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
  • May 10 Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia
  • May 10 Skirmish at Ny River, Virginia
  • May 11 Battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid, South Anna Bridge)

Historic Event

May 11 Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern

  • May 12 Battle of Drewry's Bluff, fought in Chesterfield County, Virginia (Peninsula Campaign), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • May 12 Battle of Spotsylvania, fought near Courthouse, Virginia (Overland Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • May 12 Battle of Todd's Tavern, cavalry battle fought near Todds Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • May 12 US Union colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to brigadier general
  • May 13 -16] Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca Georgia
  • May 15 Battle of New Market, Virginia
  • May 15 Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)
  • May 16 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
  • May 16 Battle of Bermuda Hundred, Virginia
  • May 16 Last battles at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (6,666 casualties)
  • May 17 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
  • May 18 Battle of Yellow Bayou, Louisiana (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks)
  • May 19 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Bermuda Hundred)
  • May 19 Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
  • May 19 Skirmish at Cassville, Georgia
  • May 20 Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
  • May 20 Spotsylvania campaign in US Civil War ends after 10,920 killed or injured
  • May 21 General David Hunter takes command of Department of West Virginia
  • May 21 Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.
  • May 22 Battle of North Anna River, Virginia (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown)
  • May 23 Battle of North Anna, Virginia, 1st of 3 days of fighting
  • May 25 Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
  • May 26 Battle of Dallas, begins near Paulding County, Georgia (Atlanta Campaign), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • May 26 -30] Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia
  • May 26 Territory of Montana formed
  • May 27 Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia
  • May 29 Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz
  • May 30 Battle of Bethesda Church [Totopotomoy Creek], cavalry battle fought in Hanover County, Virginia, inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • May 31 Raid at Morgan's Kentucky
  • Jun 1 -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
  • Jun 1 Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
  • Jun 1 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool
  • Jun 2 Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2

Victory in Battle

Jun 3 General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor

  • Jun 5 Battle of Piedmont, Virginia (Augusta City)
  • Jun 6 Battle of Lake Chicot, Arkansas (Dutch Bayou)

Presidential Convention

Jun 7 Abraham Lincoln renominated for US President by the Republican Party

  • Jun 10 Battle of Kellar's Bridge Kentucky (Licking River)
  • Jun 11 The Battle of Trevilian Station, the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the American Civil War, begins in Louisa County, Virginia
  • Jun 11 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf, in San Francisco, washed away in storm
  • Jun 11 Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: General Hobsons unit caught
  • Jun 11 Battle of Laurel Hill, West Virginia
  • Jun 11 CSS Alabama, a Confederate screw sloop-of-war, arrives in port at Cherbourg, France
  • Jun 12 General Lee sends Jubal A. Early into Shenandoah Valley
  • Jun 12 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road, Georgia, about 57 die in battle
  • Jun 12 The Battle of Trevilian Station, the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the American Civil War in Louisa County ends with Confederate tactical victory and Union successful retreat
  • Jun 14 US Union warship USS Kearsarge appears off Cherbourg
  • Jun 15 -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia
  • Jun 15 Battle of Petersburg begins as General Ulysses S. Grant assaults the Confederate line at the important Southern rail center of Petersburg
  • Jun 15 Capt Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia
  • Jun 15 US Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
  • Jun 15 Robert E. Lee's home area (Arlington, Virginia) becomes a military cemetery
  • Jun 16 Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia
  • Jun 16 Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • Jun 17 -18] Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
  • Jun 17 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia finished
  • Jun 17 Confederate General John B Hood replaces General Johnston as head of the Army of Tennessee
  • Jun 17 Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
  • Jun 18 Battle of Petersburg: Ulysses S. Grant ends four days of assaults and begins a nine month siege
  • Jun 19 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • Jun 19 Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia
  • Jun 20 Battle of Kinston, North Carolina and Battle of Abingdon, Virginia
  • Jun 20 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs, Georgia
  • Jun 21 New Zealand Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends
  • Jun 22 Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia (Wilson's Raid)
  • Jun 22 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
  • Jun 25 Horse tramway in The Hague, Netherlands opens
  • Jun 25 Battle of Petersburg: Union forces begin digging tunnels under Confederate lines
  • Jun 27 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia: Colonel Sherman makes unsuccessful frontal attack on Confederate defensive lin
  • Jun 29 Canada's worst railway accident: Grand Trunk Railway train crashes onto a barge on the Richelieu River killing 100 people
  • Jun 29 Samuel Crowther, bishop of Niger, becomes the first Black bishop of the Church of England
  • Jul 2 General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 2 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • Jul 3 Battle of Chattahoochie River, Georgia [until Jul 9]
  • Jul 3 Harpers Ferry, West Virginia - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
  • Jul 5 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • Jul 5 Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • Jul 8 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • Jul 9 Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Jubal Early
  • Jul 11 Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C. with the Battle of Fort Stevens
  • Jul 13 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • Jul 14 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • Jul 15 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • Jul 17 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
  • Jul 18 US President Abraham Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service
  • Jul 19 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]
  • Jul 20 Battle at Stephenson's Depot, Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • Jul 20 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
  • Jul 22 Battle of Atlanta: General Sherman's Union side defeats Confederate troops under General Hood, with 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US casualties
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station, Georgia
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon, Georgia
  • Jul 26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • Jul 27 Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • Jul 28 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia

Battle of Interest

Jul 28 Battle of Atlanta, Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642

  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia, 3rd and last day
  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle of Macon, Georgia (Stoneman's Raid)
  • Jul 30 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • Jul 30 Battle of Petersburg: General Burnsides fails in an attack on Petersburg in the Battle of the Crater