Historical Events in July 1864

  • Jul 2 General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 2 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • Jul 3 Battle of Chattahoochie River, Georgia [until Jul 9]
  • Jul 3 Harpers Ferry, West Virginia - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
  • Jul 5 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • Jul 5 Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • Jul 8 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • Jul 9 Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Jubal Early
  • Jul 11 Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C. with the Battle of Fort Stevens
  • Jul 13 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • Jul 14 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • Jul 15 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • Jul 17 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood

Historic Event

Jul 18 US President Abraham Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service

  • Jul 19 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]
  • Jul 20 Battle at Stephenson's Depot, Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • Jul 20 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign

Victory in Battle

Jul 22 Battle of Atlanta: General Sherman's Union side defeats Confederate troops under General Hood, with 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US casualties

  • Jul 26 -30] US Civil War: Union Brig. General Edward McCook leads unsuccessful cavalry raids at Lovejoy Station, Georgia
  • Jul 26 -30] US Civil War: Union General George Stoneman leads unsuccessful raid in Macon, Georgia
  • Jul 27 Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • Jul 28 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • Jul 28 US Civil War: Battle at Ezra Chapel - Union forces under Major Gen. William Sherman defeat Confederate Lt. General John Bell Hood near Atlanta in Fulton County, Georgia
  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia, 3rd and last day
  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle of Macon, Georgia (Stoneman's Raid)
  • Jul 30 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • Jul 30 Battle of Petersburg: General Burnsides fails in an attack on Petersburg in the Battle of the Crater

Historic Event

Jul 31 Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers