Historical Events in April 1865

  • Apr 1 -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama

Victory in Battle

Apr 1 Battle of 5 Forks Virginia: Union forces defeat Confederates and capture important railway supply line for General Robert E. Lee's army

  • Apr 2 Battle of Fort Blakely Alabama, last major battle of the US Civil War
  • Apr 2 Battle of Petersburg ends as the Army of Northern Virginia is forced to retreat under heavy fire from a general Union offensive
  • Apr 2 Battle of Selma, Alabama, Union forces break Confederates defenses to secure the town

Historic Event

Apr 2 Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia (US Civil War)

  • Apr 3 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • Apr 3 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • Apr 4 General Robert E. Lee's Confederate army arrives at Amelia Courthouse, Amelia County, Virginia
  • Apr 5 Battle at Amelia Springs, Jetersville Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • Apr 6 Battle of High Bridge, fought near Farmville, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • Apr 6 Battle of Sayler's Creek, fought near Farmville, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign), 1/4 of General Robert E. Lee's army cut off, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Apr 7 Battle of Farmville, Virginia
  • Apr 9 Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War in North Virginia
  • Apr 10 At Appomattox, Confederate General Robert E. Lee issues General Order #9, his last

Historic Event

Apr 11 Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction

  • Apr 11 Battle of Mobile, Alamaba evacuated by Confederates
  • Apr 13 Raleigh, North Carolina, captured by Union forces

Historic Event

Apr 14 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell as part of the same conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln

Final Deadly Performance of a Twisted Actor

Apr 14 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington; he dies a day later

Abraham Lincoln's Deathbed

Apr 15 Abraham Lincoln dies nine hours after he is shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington

  • Apr 15 Mobile, Alabama is captured by Union forces after a siege led by General Canby

Historic Event

Apr 15 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen

  • Apr 16 Battle of Columbus & West Point, Georgia (Ft Tyler), Union forces win one of the last battles of the US Civil War
  • Apr 17 Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Abraham' Lincoln's assassination

Victory in Battle

Apr 18 Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

  • Apr 20 Crosby Opera House opens in Chicago, Illinois; destroyed in the Great Fire of 1871
  • Apr 21 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington
  • Apr 24 Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation in San Francisco
  • Apr 26 Confederate General J E Johnston surrenders remaining forces to Union General William Sherman at Bennett Place in Durham, North Carolina, ending the US Civil War
  • Apr 27 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • Apr 27 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • Apr 28 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris