Historical Events in July 1865

  • Jul 2 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • Jul 4 First edition of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published
  • Jul 5 Great Britain creates world's 1st speed limit law
  • Jul 5 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
  • Jul 13 Horace Greeley, founder and editor of the "New-York Tribune" reputedly advises his readers to "Go west young man"
  • Jul 13 P T Barnum's museum burns down
  • Jul 14 English mountaineer Edward Whymper leads first expedition to climb the Matterhorn (four die on the descent)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 In market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • Jul 22 V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancashire
  • Jul 26 Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • Jul 26 The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington
  • Jul 27 Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
  • Jul 30 Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
  • Jul 31 The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia