On This Day

Historical Events in 1867

Historic Event

Jan 8 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto

  • Jan 11 Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again.

Historic Event

Jan 12 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

  • Jan 31 Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
  • Feb 1 Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • Feb 3 Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • Feb 6 Peabody Fund forms to promote Black education in southern USA
  • Feb 8 The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
  • Feb 13 Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards
  • Feb 14 Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co issues 1st policy
  • Feb 14 Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • Feb 15 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna
  • Feb 17 Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
  • Mar 1 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • Mar 1 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • Mar 2 1st Reconstruction act passed by US Congress
  • Mar 2 US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • Mar 2 US Congress creates the Department of Education

Historic Event

Mar 2 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 killed

  • Mar 6 29th Grand National: John Page wins aboard Irish 16/1 shot Cortolvin; trainer Harry Lamplugh's second GN victory
  • Mar 8 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada's constitution for more than 100 years

Music Premiere

Mar 11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" premieres in Paris

  • Mar 12 Last French troops leave Mexico
  • Mar 15 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • Mar 16 First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in "The Lancet"
  • Mar 23 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Mar 29 British North America Act (Canadian constitution) is given Royal Assent
  • Mar 29 Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial

Alaska Purchase

Mar 30 Alaska Purchase: US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 ($109 million in 2018), roughly 2 cents an acre

  • Apr 1 Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
  • Apr 1 International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • Apr 1 Singapore, Penang & Malacca become British crown colonies
  • Apr 24 Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond, Virginia streetcars
  • Apr 25 Tokyo opens for foreign trade
  • Apr 27 Charles Gounod's opera "Romeo et Juliette" is premieres at the Théâtre Lyrique, Paris, France
  • May 1 Howard University chartered
  • May 1 Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
  • May 3 The Hudson's Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island.
  • May 7 Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans

Nobel Patents Dynamite

May 7 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite in England, the first of three patents he would receive for the explosive material

  • May 11 Treaty of London drawn, granting Luxembourg full independence and neutrality

Historic Event

May 20 British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills' proposals on women's suffrage

Historic Event

May 20 Royal Albert Hall of Arts & Sciences foundation laid by Queen Victoria in London

  • May 23 Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)
  • Jun 12 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms
  • Jun 15 Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana
  • Jun 19 1st Belmont Stakes: Gilbert Gilpatrick aboard Ruthless wins in 3:05
  • Jun 20 US President Andrew Johnson announces the Alaska Purchase
  • Jun 25 1st barbed wire patented by Lucien B. Smith of Ohio
  • Jun 27 Bank of California opens doors
  • Jun 29 Pope Pius IX declares Gorcumse holy martyrs

Historic Event

Jul 1 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

  • Jul 2 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC

Historic Expedition

Jul 9 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer)

  • Jul 15 San Francisco Merchants' Exchange opens
  • Jul 16 Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
  • Jul 16 D.R. Averill of Ohio patents ready-mixed paint
  • Jul 16 Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
  • Jul 17 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established
  • Jul 19 US Congress passes 3rd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Jul 19 Dutch Red Cross forms
  • Jul 21 City Gardens on Folsom in San Francisco opens
  • Aug 1 Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tennessee)
  • Aug 12 US President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
  • Aug 15 The Representation of the People Act (1867) extends suffrage in the UK
  • Aug 28 The United States formally takes control of Midway Atoll, years after it was sighted and claimed by Captain N.C. Brooks
  • Sep 2 1st girls School opens in Haarlem, The Netherlands
  • Sep 9 Luxembourg gains independence
  • Sep 12 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • Sep 13 Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors

Historic Publication

Sep 14 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" Volume 1, his theory of the Capitalist system and how it is doomed to destroy itself

  • Sep 16 Ottawa Rough Riders & Senators play Canadian Football game
  • Sep 25 Congress creates 1st all-black university, Howard U in Washington, D.C.
  • Sep 26 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Sr. wins 4th title; beats rival Willie Park Sr. by 2 strokes; at 46, Morris remains oldest Open champion
  • Sep 28 Toronto becomes capital of Ontario
  • Sep 30 Midway Islands formally declared a US possession
  • Oct 1 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" in Berlin, a description of the capitalist system, its instability and tendency to self-destruction
  • Oct 5 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • Oct 14 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Oct 16 Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses international date line

  • Oct 18 Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million
  • Oct 22 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • Oct 23 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.

Historic Event

Oct 27 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time

  • Oct 28 Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
  • Oct 29 Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsize off St Thomas, Virgin Islands
  • Oct 31 Australia's first royal tour begins as Prince Albert, son of Queen Victoria arrives in Adelaide, South Australia [1]
  • Nov 2 Women's fashion magazine "Harper's Bazaar" is 1st published
  • Nov 3 Battle at Mentana: French & Papal troops beat Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Nov 4 90 kegs of powder used to get rock from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, for seawall
  • Nov 23 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester, England for shooting a police officer
  • Nov 25 US Congress commission looks into "impeachment" of President Andrew Johnson
  • Nov 26 Refrigerated railroad car patented by JB Sutherland of Detroit

Historic Event

Dec 2 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States

  • Dec 4 Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange)
  • Dec 18 Around 49 victims of "Angola Horror" train wreck burn to death in Angola, New York
  • Dec 27 Ontario & Quebec legislatures hold 1st meeting
  • Dec 28 United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.
  • Dec 29 1st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Co, New York