Historical Events in 1869

  • Jan 13 Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 18 Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Feb 2 James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • Feb 3 Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
  • Feb 5 World's largest alluvial gold nugget, the Welcome Stranger, found by John Deason and Richard Oates (weighting 97.14kg) in Moliagul, Australia
  • Feb 6 Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Feb 19 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • Feb 20 Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
  • Feb 23 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • Feb 26 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 26 Franz Schubert's Symphony number 4, "The Tragic", premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • Feb 27 John Menard is 1st African American to make a speech in the US Congress
  • Mar 1 US Postage stamps showing scenes issued for 1st time. These pictorials showed post horse and rider, a locomotive, a shield an eagle, and a ship, the Adriatic
  • Mar 3 University of South Carolina opens to all races
  • Mar 3 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • Mar 11 The West first learns of the Giant Panda via French missionary Armand David who receives a skin from a hunter
  • Mar 13 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
  • Mar 14 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand
  • Mar 15 Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st professional baseball team

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • Apr 6 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • Apr 8 American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • Apr 9 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • Apr 10 Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • Apr 10 José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • Apr 12 North Carolina legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan Law

1stHistoric Invention

Apr 13 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Apr 16 Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • Apr 17 1st pro baseball games-Cincinnati Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
  • Apr 18 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
  • Apr 30 Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • May 1 Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • May 4 Cincinnati Red Stockings play their first official game as the sport's first professional side against the Great Western Base Ball Club winning 45-9
  • May 4 The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • May 10 Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
  • May 15 National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • May 16 Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
  • May 18 Robert Tanner Freeman is 1st African American to graduate from Harvard Dental School
  • May 18 Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
  • May 26 Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

1stHistoric Invention

Jun 1 Thomas Edison granted his first patent for an electric vote machine (U.S. Patent 90,646)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jun 2 Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cincinnati Red Stockings)
  • Jun 5 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
  • Jun 8 Ives W. McGaffey of Chicago patents the 1st vacuum cleaner, calls it a "sweeping machine"
  • Jun 9 Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 10 'Agnes' arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
  • Jun 15 Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY

  • Jun 15 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
  • Jun 28 Amsterdam typographer strike
  • Jul 1 Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
  • Jul 1 US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
  • Jul 6 Black candidate for lieutenant governor of Virginia, Dr J. H. Harris defeated
  • Jul 9 Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
  • Jul 15 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • Jul 30 The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • Aug 1 1st voyage down Colorado River
  • Aug 10 O B Brown patents moving picture projector
  • Aug 12 Self-proclaimed Emperor Joshua Abraham Norton of the USA issues edict abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties
  • Aug 15 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
  • Aug 16 Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • Aug 17 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • Aug 23 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in San Francisco, from Boston
  • Aug 24 Cornelius Swarthout patents stove-top waffle iron
  • Sep 6 1st westbound train arrives in San Francisco
  • Sep 6 Mine fire kills 110 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 10 Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
  • Sep 13 Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • Sep 16 10th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Sep 22 Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Sep 24 Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
  • Oct 1 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • Oct 5 A strong hurricane known as the Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Maritime Canada. Incredibly British naval officer Stephen Martin Saxby predicted the storm 10 months earlier in December 1868 via astronomy.
  • Oct 6 John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
  • Oct 16 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • Oct 18 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway
  • Oct 21 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • Oct 26 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
  • Nov 1 Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
  • Nov 3 Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
  • Nov 6 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
  • Nov 15 Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
  • Nov 17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race, racing 13K Paris to Rouen
  • Nov 17 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas
  • Nov 23 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving
  • Nov 24 American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
  • Dec 8 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • Dec 8 Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
  • Dec 9 Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • Dec 10 Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
  • Dec 10 The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
  • Dec 18 Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
  • Dec 28 William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • Dec 30 Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms