On This Day

Historical Events in July 1870

  • Jul 1 James W. Smith of South Carolina is one of 1st African Americans to attend West Point
  • Jul 2 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium
  • Jul 8 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • Jul 8 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection

Historic Event

Jul 13 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

Historic Event

Jul 14 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

  • Jul 15 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • Jul 15 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created
  • Jul 15 Hudson's Bay and Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • Jul 18 Pope Pius IX and the First Vatican Council officially proclaim the concept of papal infallibility
  • Jul 19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins

Historic Event

Jul 23 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France

  • Jul 24 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • Jul 30 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • Jul 30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics