On This Day

Historical Events in October 1871

  • Oct 1 General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
  • Oct 6 Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
  • Oct 7 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • Oct 8 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people, making it then the deadliest wildfire in recorded history

Great Chicago Fire

Oct 8 The Great Chicago Fire kills an estimated 300 people and destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of buildings and the original Emancipation Proclamation

  • Oct 10 The Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, leaving approximately 300 dead, 100,000 homeless, and costing $222m in damage
  • Oct 12 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • Oct 13 The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • Oct 17 Great Britain annexes Griqualand, South Africa

Historic Event

Oct 17 US President Ulysses S. Grant suspends habeas corpus in parts of South Carolina during prosecutions against Ku Klux Klan

  • Oct 21 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • Oct 23 Replacement yacht Sappho (US) beats Livonia (UK) by 25:27 in race 5 to win 3rd America's Cup off Newport, RI 4-1; original defender Columbia damaged so misses races 4 & 5
  • Oct 24 Mob in Los Angeles, California hangs 18 Chinese

Historic Event

Oct 27 Democratic leader of Tammany Hall NY, Boss Tweed is arrested after the NY Times exposes his corruption

  • Oct 30 Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
  • Oct 31 Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum