On This Day

Historical Events in 1872

  • Jan 1 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • Jan 3 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, 1st imperial coronation in Axum in over 200 years
  • Jan 20 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14 1st US state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt, California)
  • Feb 20 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20 New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20 Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27 Charlotte Ray, 1st African American woman lawyer in USA, graduates from Howard University
  • Mar 1 Yellowstone becomes the world's 1st national park

Historic Event

Mar 2 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Historic Invention

Mar 5 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

  • Mar 7 -8°F (-22°C) in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
  • Mar 11 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture
  • Mar 16 1st English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers, 1-0; Morton Betts scores winner
  • Mar 21 34th Grand National: John Page wins his second GN aboard 20/1 shot Casse Tete
  • Mar 22 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26 Thomas J. Martin, of Alabama, receives a U.S. patent for a pipe and valve fire extinguisher system t
  • Apr 1 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2 US engineer George Brayton patents an internal combustion engine (Brayton Cycle)
  • Apr 9 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • Apr 10 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

Historic Event

Apr 12 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

  • Apr 14 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 24 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts in Italy

Presidential Convention

May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC

  • May 16 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 1 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
  • Jun 5 Republican National Convention meets in Philadelphia
  • Jun 8 US Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 9 Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine
  • Jul 18 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes made openly

Historic Invention

Jul 23 African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

  • Jul 30 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • Aug 23 1st Japanese commercial ship visits San Francisco, carrying tea
  • Aug 27 Aaron Montgomery Ward issues the first "catalog" for his mail-order business, it is one sheet listing 163 available items

Historic Event

Sep 10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

  • Sep 13 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris, Jr. wins 4th consecutive title; beats fellow Scot Davie Strath by 3 strokes
  • Sep 14 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War
  • Sep 17 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • Sep 21 John Henry Conyers of South Carolina becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 28 "3 Fingers" Ranald Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village, Texas, killing 23 men and taking 120 women and children prisoner
  • Sep 29 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2 Morgan State University founded

Historic Event

Oct 2 Phileas Fogg sets out on his journey as depicted in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

  • Oct 3 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 12 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 29 J. S. Risdon of Genoa, Illinois, patents the metal windmill

Historic Event

Nov 5 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Election of Interest

Nov 5 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

  • Nov 7 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later
  • Nov 9 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting
  • Nov 19 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29 Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River
  • Nov 30 First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • Dec 5 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback takes office as the first African American US Govenor in Louisiana
  • Dec 21 Phileas Fogg completes his round the world trip in 80 days, in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"
  • Dec 26 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")