Historical Events in 1872

  • Jan 1 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • Jan 3 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • Jan 20 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14 1st US state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt, California)
  • Feb 20 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20 New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20 Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27 Charlotte Ray, 1st African American woman lawyer in USA, graduated from Howard University
  • Mar 1 Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel

1stHistoric Invention

Mar 5 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Mar 7 -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA
  • Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
  • Mar 11 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture
  • Mar 16 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers 1-0 at Kennington Oval in London
  • Mar 21 33rd Grand National: John Page aboard Casse Tete wins
  • Mar 22 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26 Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • Apr 1 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2 US engineer George Brayton patents an internal combustion engine (Brayton Cycle)
  • Apr 9 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • Apr 10 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Apr 14 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 24 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts on Sicily

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC

Civil Rights Activist Victoria Woodhull
Civil Rights Activist
Victoria Woodhull
  • May 16 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 1 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
  • Jun 5 Republican National Convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 8 US Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
  • Jul 9 Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me
  • Jul 18 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.

1stHistoric Invention

Jul 23 African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Inventor
Elijah McCoy
  • Jul 30 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • Aug 23 1st Japanese commercial ship visits San Francisco, carrying tea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Sep 13 12th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 166 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 14 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War

  • Sep 17 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • Sep 21 John Henry Conyers of SC becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 29 "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
  • Sep 29 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2 Morgan State University founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Phileas Fogg sets out on his journey as depicted in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • Oct 3 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 9 Aaron Montgomery starts his mail-order business
  • Oct 12 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 29 J S Risdon patents metal windmill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 7 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later
  • Nov 9 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting
  • Nov 19 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29 Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • Nov 30 First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • Dec 5 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback takes office as the first African American US Govenor in Louisiana
  • Dec 21 Phileas Fogg completes his round the world trip in 80 days, in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"
  • Dec 26 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")