On This Day

Historical Events in March 1877

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 2 US Electoral Commission declares Rutherford B. Hayes (R) winner of the presidential election with an electoral vote of 185-184 against Samuel J. Tilden (D)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mar 4 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • Mar 5 Rutherford B. Hayes publicly inaugurated as 19th President of the United States
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.

Historic InventionEarmuffs on, shhhh!

Mar 13 American Chester Greenwood patents earmuffs after inventing them at age 15
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Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for
Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for "ear-mufflers" and inset, Greenwood modeling his earmuffs
  • Mar 15 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia v England at the MCG, Melbourne, Australia
  • Mar 16 Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 v Eng
  • Mar 17 Bill Midwinter completes Test Cricket's 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 US President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C.

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mar 19 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • Mar 23 39th Grand National: Fred Hobson aboard 15/1 shot Austerlitz wins by 4 lengths from Congress
  • Mar 24 University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • Mar 24 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Oxford University, 2–1 (a.e.t.); Wanderers' 4th title
  • Mar 31 British High Commissioner Sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Test Cricket debut of feared Australian fast bowler Fred "The Demon" Spofforth; Australia loses 2nd Test by 4 wickets vs England at Melbourne Cricket Ground

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Cricketer
Fred Spofforth
  • Mar 31 The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.