On This Day

Historical Events in March 1881

  • Mar 4 California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • Mar 4 Sherlock Holmes & Dr. Watson begin their 1st case together in "A Study in Scarlet"

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America

Historic Event

Mar 4 South African politician Paul Kruger accepts ceasefire during First Boer War

  • Mar 7 Southern University opens in New Orleans
  • Mar 12 Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain

Assassination

Mar 13 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg

Historic Event

Mar 18 Barnum & Bailey Circus, traveling as "The Greatest Show on Earth", debuts at Madison Square Garden in New York City following the merger of two existing circus groups [1]

  • Mar 23 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • Mar 23 Gas lamp sets fire to Théâtre Municipal” opera house in Nice, France; 70 die, and building completely destroyed
  • Mar 25 43rd Grand National: Irish jockey Tommy Beasley wins his second consecutive GN aboard 11/2 co-favourite Woodbrook
  • Mar 26 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • Mar 27 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire in England, to protest against the Salvation Army's daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance
  • Mar 28 "Greatest Show On Earth" formed by P. T. Barnum and James Anthony Bailey