On This Day

Historical Events in March 1881

  • Mar 4 California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • Mar 4 Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

Mar 4 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Mar 4 South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
  • Mar 7 Southern University opens in New Orleans
  • Mar 12 Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain

MurderAssassination

Mar 13 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Barnum & Bailey Circus, travelling as "The Greatest Show on Earth", debuts at (Madison Square Garde, New York City, would last 146 years before closing in 2017

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman James Anthony Bailey
Circus Showman and Businessman
James Anthony Bailey
  • Mar 23 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • Mar 23 Gas lamp sets fire to opera house in Nice, France; 70 die
  • Mar 25 43rd Grand National: Irish jockey Tommy Beasley wins his second consecutive GN aboard 11/2 co-favourite Woodbrook
  • Mar 26 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • Mar 27 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire, in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.
  • Mar 28 "Greatest Show On Earth" formed by P. T. Barnum and James Anthony Bailey