On This Day

Historical Events in 1887

  • Jan 4 Thomas Stevens is 1st man to bicycle around the world (San Francisco to San Francisco)
  • Jan 5 1st US school of librarianship opens at Columbia University

Battle of Interest

Jan 6 `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II

  • Jan 16 Cliff House damaged when powder cargo of schooner "Parallel" explodes
  • Jan 20 US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor
  • Jan 21 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
  • Jan 21 Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city
  • Jan 26 Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians
  • Jan 28 England all out for 45 v Aust SCG, their lowest total ever
  • Jan 28 In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

Historic Event

Jan 28 Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris

  • Feb 1 Harvey Wilcox of Ks subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood)
  • Feb 2 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the first Groundhog Day is observed.
  • Feb 3 To avoid disputed national elections, the US Congress creates Electoral Count Act
  • Feb 4 Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads

Music Premiere

Feb 5 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Otello" premieres at La Scala in Italy, Verdi's first new opera for over 15 years

  • Feb 5 Snow falls on San Francisco
  • Feb 8 Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the 1st US ski club
  • Feb 8 The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe were granted United States citizenship.
  • Feb 14 Cubs sell Mike King Kelly to Boston for record $10,000
  • Feb 16 1st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
  • Feb 16 Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
  • Feb 20 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • Feb 21 1st US bacteriology laboratory opens (Brooklyn)
  • Feb 21 Oregon becomes 1st US state to make Labor Day a holiday
  • Feb 22 Union Labor Party organized in Cincinnati
  • Feb 23 US Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco
  • Feb 23 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • Feb 26 George Lohmann took 1st 8-wkt haul in test cricket, 8-35 at Sydney Cricket Ground
  • Mar 3 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa

Historic Event

Mar 3 Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller

  • Mar 7 North Carolina State University is founded by the North Carolina General Assembly.
  • Mar 8 Everett Horton, CT, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes
  • Mar 15 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
  • Mar 24 Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • Mar 25 49th Grand National: Bill Daniels aboard 20/1 chance Gamecock wins by 3 lengths from Savoyard
  • Apr 4 Susanna Madora Salter elected 1st US woman mayor in Argonia, Kansas
  • Apr 5 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

Historic Event

Apr 10 US President Abraham Lincoln's re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Illinois

  • Apr 10 Soccer team Be Quick forms in Hairs Groningen

Historic Event

Apr 12 Henrik Ibsen's "Rosmersholm" premieres in Oslo

World's First Motor Race

Apr 20 Georges Bouton wins the world’s 1st motor race on a steam-powered quadricycle, a 'test' organised by French newspaper Le Velocipede

  • Apr 26 Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity
  • Apr 30 1st game played at Broad & Huntingdon St Park (Baker Bowl) in Philadelphia; Phillies beat Giants 19-10

Music History

May 2 Gioachino Rossini's corpse transferred to Santa Croce, Florence

Historic Invention

May 2 Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film (used in Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope)

  • May 9 Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London
  • May 11 13th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Lewis aboard Montrose wins in 2:39.25
  • May 13 15th Preakness: William Donohue aboard Dunboyne wins in 2:39.25
  • May 18 Emmanuel Chabrier's opera "Le roi malgré lui" (King, in spite of himself) premieres at the Opéra-Comique in Paris; after 3 performances the theatre burns down
  • May 23 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • May 24 Sultan Bargash of Zanzibar grants E African Association at East African harbors
  • May 25 Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die
  • May 26 Racetrack betting becomes legal in NY state

Historic Event

Jun 4 Pasteur Institute founded by French biologist Louis Pasteur in Paris

  • Jun 7 Monotype type-casting machine patented by Tolbert Lanston, Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 8 Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator
  • Jun 9 21st Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hanover wins in 2:43.5
  • Jun 15 Carlisle D Graham survives 2nd ride in Niagara waterfall in barrel
  • Jun 15 NY Giants beat Philadelphia Phillies 29-1
  • Jun 15 Stanley's expedition reaches Yambuya waterfalls Congo
  • Jun 18 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed

Historic Event

Jun 21 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria

  • Jun 28 Phillies most lopsided shut-out beating Indianapolis 24-0

Historic Event

Jul 4 Future founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, begins his studies at Sindh Madressatul Islam University in Karachi

  • Jul 5 Columbia University 4's crew becomes first American boat to win at London's Henley Regatta (Visitors Challenge Cup)
  • Jul 6 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod becomes youngest ever Wimbledon champion (15 years, 285 days); defending champion beats Blanche Bingley 6-2, 6-0
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: 3-time runner-up Herbert Lawford wins his only Wimbledon title beating Ernest Renshaw 1-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-4, 6-4
  • Jul 26 1st Esperanto book published
  • Aug 2 Chester A. Hodge of Beloit, Wisconsin, patents 'spur' barbed wire
  • Aug 10 Excursion train crashes killing 101. (Chatsworth, Illinois)

Historic Event

Aug 19 Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse

  • Aug 30 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Richard Sears wins 7th straight US singles title; beats Henry Slocum 6-1, 6-3, 6-2
  • Sep 1 Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established
  • Sep 5 Gas lamp at Theatre Royal in Exeter catches fire killing about 200
  • Sep 15 Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • Sep 16 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park Jr wins first of 2 Open titles by 1 stroke from fellow Scot Bob Martin
  • Sep 26 Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
  • Sep 28 Yellow River or Huáng Hé floods in China, killing between 900,000 and 2 million people, one of the deadliest natural disasters in history
  • Sep 30 8th America's Cup: New York Yacht Club’s cutter Volunteer beats Scottish challenger Thistle by 11:48.75 seconds on corrected time to win series, 2-0 off Newport, RI
  • Oct 1 Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
  • Oct 5 1st US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Ellen Hansell wins inaugural event; beats Laura Knight 6-1, 6-0
  • Oct 8 Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
  • Oct 11 A Miles patents elevator
  • Oct 13 Australian soprano Nellie Melba makes her operatic debut as Gilda in "Rigoletto" at Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels
  • Oct 21 Detroit clinches best-of-15 touring World Championship with its 8th victory in Game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore, 13-3
  • Oct 26 "World Championship" Baseball Series, Sportsman's Park, Detroit Wolverines (NL) beat St Louis Browns (AA), 10 games to 5 in series played in bitterly cold conditions
  • Oct 31 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's orchestral work "Capriccio Espagnol" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Nov 5 Ottawa College (ORFU) defeats Montreal Football Club (QRFU) 10-5 to win the Dominion championship
  • Nov 11 Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies (b. 1855), Albert Parsons (b. 1848), Adolph Fischer (b. 1858) and George Engel (b. 1836) are executed.
  • Nov 11 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • Nov 13 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London
  • Nov 15 British SS Wah Yeung catches fire on Canton River off Hong Kong
  • Nov 23 Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
  • Nov 23 Opera "Trumpeter of Säckingen" 1st American production (NYC)
  • Nov 24 Victorien Sardou's "La Tosca" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 29 US receives rights to Pearl Harbor, on Oahu, Hawaii
  • Nov 30 1st indoor softball game in Chicago

Historic Event

Dec 1 Sherlock Holmes first appears in print in "Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle

  • Dec 1 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
  • Dec 2 Amsterdam's Oscar Carrés Circus Theater opens
  • Dec 2 French president Jules Grévy resigns
  • Dec 2 International Baseball League disbands; teams in Syracuse, Toronto, Hamilton, and Buffalo form the International Association; those in Newark, Jersey City, Wilkes-Barre, and Scranton become the Central League
  • Dec 5 Stanley's expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo
  • Dec 10 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty
  • Dec 17 Georges Feydeau's "Tailleur Pour Dames" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 19 Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
  • Dec 28 John Layton Jarvis becomes first British race horse trainer to be knighted for services to racing