On This Day

Historical Events in 1890

  • Jan 1 The Rose Parade, then known as the Tournament of Roses, is first held in Pasadena, California
  • Jan 1 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • Jan 2 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • Jan 2 Record 19.2 feet alligator shot in Louisiana by American businessman Edward Avery McIlhenny
  • Jan 3 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
  • Jan 7 African American inventor William Purvis receives a patent for the fountain pen
  • Jan 10 Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot & Elaine" premieres

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae

  • Jan 21 1st issue of "Propria Cures", Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
  • Jan 22 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC

Historic Event

Jan 25 National Afro-American League founded in Chicago by Timothy Thomas Fortune, one of earliest civil rights organizations in America

Historic Event

Jan 25 Journalist Nellie Bly beats the fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg around the world by 8 days (72 days)

  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • Feb 10 Around 11 million acres ceded to US by Sioux Indians, then opened for settlement
  • Feb 20 Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
  • Feb 27 D Needham and P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m) in San Francisco; match is a draw

Historic Publication

Mar 1 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

  • Mar 2 Norwegian speed skater Oskar Fredriksen sets inaugural 5,000m world record of 9:19.8 in Stockholm, Sweden

Historic Event

Mar 4 Longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) at 1,710 ft in length is opened in Scotland by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII

  • Mar 18 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)

Historic Event

Mar 18 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck resigns after 19 years after disagreement with German Emperor Wilhelm II

  • Mar 20 General Federation of Women's Clubs founded in the United States
  • Mar 21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • Mar 27 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • Mar 28 52nd Grand National: Arthur Nightingall wins aboard 4/1 favourite Ilex
  • Apr 6 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • Apr 7 Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal, Japan
  • Apr 11 Ellis Island, New York, designated as an immigration station
  • Apr 14 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)
  • Apr 18 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
  • Apr 26 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London
  • Apr 27 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
  • May 2 Territory of Oklahoma created
  • May 12 Louisiana legalizes prize fighting
  • May 12 First official County Cricket Championship match begins; Yorkshire beats Gloucestershire by 8 wickets at Bristol; James Cranston scores first century (101) in the competition
  • May 13 18th Preakness: W Martin aboard Montague wins in 2:36.75

Historic Event

May 13 Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria

  • May 14 16th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Riley wins in 2:45

Historic Event

May 14 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to sub-lieutenant

Theater Premiere

May 17 Clyde Fitch's play "Beau Brummel" premieres in NYC

  • May 17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • May 17 Pietro Mascagni's opera "Rustic Chivalry" premieres in Rome at the Teatro Costanzi
  • May 24 Leo von Caprivi succeeds Otto von Bismarck as Chancellor of Germany
  • May 24 Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
  • May 24 Tivoli Theater of Varieties opens in London
  • May 30 First baseman Dave Foutz hits Brooklyn Bridegrooms' (later Dodgers) first ever home run during doubleheader defeats to Chicago Colts at Washington Park, Brooklyn
  • May 31 Ulm Minster, in Ulm, Germany, the tallest church in the world with a steeple 161.5m high, is finally completed (begun 1377)
  • Jun 1 US census at 62,622,250
  • Jun 6 United States Polo Association forms, NYC
  • Jun 9 Comic opera "Robin Hood" by Reginald De Koven, Harry B. Smith, and Clement Scott premieres in Chicago
  • Jun 10 24th Belmont: Pike Barnes riding Burlington wins in 2:07.75
  • Jun 13 Eagle Avenue in the Bronx is cut out and named
  • Jun 13 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Ellen Roosevelt beats defending champion Bertha Townsend 6-2, 6-2

Historic Event

Jun 23 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

Historic Event

Jun 27 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland

  • Jun 27 Canadian boxer George Dixon becomes first black world champion when he stops English bantamweight champion Edwin "Nunc" Wallace in 18 rounds in London, England
  • Jul 1 Great Britain and Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • Jul 1 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable
  • Jul 2 US Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Jul 3 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
  • Jul 3 King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lena Rice becomes the only Irish female to win at Wimbledon beating May Jacks 6-4, 6-1
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Irishman Willoughby Hamilton wins his only Wimbledon title beating 7-time champion William Renshaw 6-8, 6-2, 3-6, 6-1, 6-1
  • Jul 10 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • Jul 17 Cecil Rhodes becomes Premier of Cape Colony
  • Jul 20 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
  • Jul 20 Snow and hail in Calais, Maine

Historic Event

Jul 27 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in Auvers-sur-Oise, dies of injuries 2 days later

Sports History

Aug 6 Future Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young throws 3-hit ball in his MLB debut for the Cleveland Spiders in 8-1 win vs Chicago Colts

  • Aug 6 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the 1st person to be executed by electric chair
  • Aug 9 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • Aug 14 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
  • Aug 16 Alexander Clark, journalist and lawyer, named minister to Liberia
  • Aug 27 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Oliver Campbell beats 2-time defending champion Henry Slocum 6-2, 4-6, 6-3, 6-1

Historic Event

Aug 30 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products

  • Sep 1 Brooklyn Bridegrooms win 3 MLB games in one day‚ feasting on the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 10 - 9‚ 3 - 2‚ and 8 - 4
  • Sep 11 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: John Ball becomes first Englishman and first amateur to win the Open; beats Willie Fernie and Archie Simpson by 3 strokes
  • Sep 12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • Sep 13 Cecil Rhodes' colonists hoist the Union Jack in Mashonaland & Salisbury
  • Sep 19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • Sep 23 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • Sep 24 The President of the Latter-day Saints Wilford Woodruff issues a manifesto advising members that the teaching and practice of polygamy should be abandoned
  • Sep 26 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece
  • Oct 1 Congress creates Weather Bureau
  • Oct 1 Congress establishes Yosemite National Park (California)
  • Oct 1 Germany's anti-socialist laws lapse
  • Oct 3 Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • Oct 6 General Conference of the Latter-day Saints outlaws polygamy
  • Oct 11 First 100 yard dash under 10 seconds run by John Owen in 9.8 sec at Analostan Island, Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 11 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • Oct 13 The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • Oct 15 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • Oct 28 "World Championship" Baseball Series, Washington Park, NY: Louisville Colonels beat Brooklyn Bridegrooms, 6-2 in Game 7 to tie series 3-3-1; deciding game never played
  • Nov 4 Alexander Borodin's opera "Prince Igor" debuts at Mariinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Nov 4 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
  • Nov 4 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • Nov 4 Alexander Borodin's opera "Prince Igor" premieres in Petersburg
  • Nov 11 D McCree patents portable fire escape

Historic Publication

Nov 12 Mabel Loomis Todd publishes the first edition of "Poems by Emily Dickinson"

  • Nov 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"
  • Nov 23 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit
  • Nov 23 General elections in Italy won by the Left group headed by Francesco Crispi
  • Nov 27 1st signal box for SF Police Department goes into operation
  • Nov 29 1st US Army - US Navy football game, Score: Navy 24, Army 0 at West Point

Music Premiere

Dec 5 Hector Berlioz's opera "Les Troyens" premieres in Karlsruhe, Germany

  • Dec 16 Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN
  • Dec 18 Frederick Lugard's British expedition to Meng and Kampala, Uganda
  • Dec 21 Pim Mulier 1st & only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"
  • Dec 22 Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kingsport and Kentville, Nova Scotia.
  • Dec 26 King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company

Wounded Knee Massacre

Dec 29 US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota