Historical Events in 1891

  • Jan 1 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • Jan 1 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies

Historic Event

Jan 26 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 27 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • Jan 29 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch
  • Jan 31 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto
  • Feb 6 1st great train robbery by the Dalton Gang: Southern Pacific #17, near Alila (now Earlimart), California
  • Feb 9 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in San Francisco from Sacramento
  • Feb 15 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • Feb 18 Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
  • Feb 24 French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan
  • Feb 26 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park

Theater Premiere

Feb 26 Henrik Ibsen's play "Hedda Gabler" premieres in Oslo

  • Feb 28 Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
  • Mar 3 The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
  • Mar 3 US Congress establishes the Office of Immigration

Great Blizzard of 1891

Mar 9 Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England and lasts until March 13; Kills 200 people and 6,000 animals

  • Mar 10 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching
  • Mar 17 British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • Mar 18 Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
  • Mar 20 53rd Grand National: Irish jockey, trainer Harry Beasley wins aboard 4/1 Come Away
  • Mar 28 1st world weightlifting championship won by Edward Lawrence in London, England

Historic Event

Apr 1 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti

  • Apr 1 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • Apr 1 The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • Apr 7 Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
  • Apr 11 8-year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
  • Apr 23 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia

Historic Event

Apr 25 US President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco

Sports History

May 1 Legendary pitcher Cy Young wins first game played at Cleveland's League Park; Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

Music History

May 5 Music Hall (now Carnegie Hall) opens in New York City, with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as guest conductor of teh New York Music Society Orchestra

  • May 6 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • May 7 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed

Assassination Attempt

May 11 The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt

  • May 12 Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • May 13 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52.25
  • May 15 British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms

Music Premiere

May 15 Jules Massenet's opera "Grisélidis" premieres in Paris

  • May 15 Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland

Catholic Encyclical

May 15 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum

  • May 16 George A. Hormel & Co establishes Geo. A.Hormel & Co. (Hormel Foods Corporation) in Austin, Minnesota
  • May 19 Rice Institute, which became Rice University in Houston, Texas, is chartered

Film & TV History

May 20 1st public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women's Club

  • May 21 Australian boxer Peter Jackson and future world heavyweight champion Jim Corbett fight a No Contest in 61 rounds at California Athletic Club, San Francisco
  • May 31 Work on Trans-Siberian railway begins
  • Jun 9 French painter Paul Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti
  • Jun 10 25th Belmont: Ed Garrison riding Foxford wins in 2:08.75
  • Jun 11 Puerto Rican flag adopted

Historic Event

Jun 16 John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister

  • Jun 27 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Mabel Cahill beats defending champion Ellen Roosevelt 6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 6-3
  • Jun 29 Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation
  • Jun 29 US National Forest Service organized

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley wins first of 3 Wimbledon singles championships; beats Joshua Pim 6-4, 1-6, 7-5, 6-0

  • Jul 5 Hail kills 16 horses in Rapid City, South Dakota
  • Jul 7 Marcellus F. Berry, an American Express employee is granted four copyrights for what he called "the travelers cheque"
  • Jul 8 61°F, highest temperature for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 9 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley-Hillyard 6-2, 6-1 in a repeat matchup and result of the 2 previous finals

  • Jul 14 American John T. Smith patents corkboard
  • Jul 26 France annexes Tahiti.
  • Jul 26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • Jul 27 Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname
  • Aug 5 World's 1st traveler's cheques issued by American Express
  • Aug 15 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed
  • Aug 16 President Benjamin Harrison attends the dedication of the Bennington Battle Monument in Bennington, Vermont
  • Aug 17 1st public bathhouse with showers opens in NYC (People's Bath)
  • Aug 17 Electric self-starter for automobile patented
  • Aug 18 Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • Aug 19 William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
  • Aug 21 Dutch Mackay government resigns
  • Aug 24 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera
  • Aug 31 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Defending champion Oliver Campbell beats Clarence Hobart 2-6, 7-5, 7-9, 6-1, 6-2; second of 3 straight titles
  • Sep 3 Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • Sep 3 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • Sep 7 Forces of British administrator Captain Frederick Lugard reache Kavalli, Equatoria
  • Sep 11 The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch
  • Sep 14 "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • Sep 18 Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief
  • Sep 23 Vocational school Troop College, later California Institute of Technology (CalTech) established in Pasadena, California

Historic Event

Oct 1 Stanford University, California opens its doors after being founded by Leland Stanford and his wife Jane with a $40M donation (1891 dollars), in memory of their son. Among its first graduation class, future US President Herbert Hoover.

  • Oct 7 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Hugh Kirkaldy wins by 2 strokes from brother Andrew Kirkaldy and Willie Fernie; last Open contested in a single day over 36 holes
  • Oct 12 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • Oct 20 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • Oct 25 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends
  • Oct 28 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
  • Nov 10 1st Women's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
  • Nov 10 Granville T Woods patents electric railway
  • Nov 30 Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published
  • Dec 2 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • Dec 7 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • Dec 19 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • Dec 19 Canadian Rugby Union forms
  • Dec 20 Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses

Sports History

Dec 21 1st game of basketball, based on rules created by James Naismith, played by 18 students in Springfield, Massachusetts

  • Dec 29 Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)