On This Day

Historical Events in June 1894

  • Jun 12 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: J.H. Taylor wins first Open played outside Scotland; beats Douglas Rolland by 5 strokes
  • Jun 15 Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds, 21-8
  • Jun 16 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Helen Hellwig beats defending champion Aline Terry 7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 3-6, 6-3

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Jun 17 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out in Rutland, Vermont

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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  • Jun 18 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • Jun 19 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56.5
  • Jun 20 French bacteriologist Alexandre Yersin discovers bacillus responsible for the bubonic plague in Hong Kong (Yersinia pestis named in his honor)
  • Jun 21 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • Jun 23 The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin
  • Jun 24 Marie Fran├žois Sadi Carnot is assassinated in Lyon by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio
  • Jun 25 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 25 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger

InventionHistoric Invention

Jun 26 Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Jun 27 American Annie Londonderry [Annie Kopchovsky] sets out from Boston to become first woman to bicycle around the world (completes journey September 1895)
  • Jun 28 Labor Day established as a holiday for US federal employees
  • Jun 28 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • Jun 30 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • Jun 30 London's Tower Bridge opens