On This Day

Historical Events in October 1904

  • Oct 1 JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 1 Netherlands and Portugal lay down boundaries splitting the island of Timor in two
  • Oct 2 German General Lothar von Trotha issues order to exterminate Herero people of Namidia, first genocide of the 20th Century, will kill 65,000 Herero and 100,000 of the Nama tribe
  • Oct 2 White Sox left-hander Doc White's streak of 45 consecutive MLB scoreless innings is snapped by the New York Highlanders in Chicago; White Sox win, 7-1 at South Side Park III
  • Oct 3 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • Oct 3 New York Giants pitcher Christy Mathewson strikes out 16 Cardinals in a 3-1 Giants victory over St. Louis; new MLB record; finishes the game in 1 hour, 15 minutes
  • Oct 3 Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School
  • Oct 7 NY Highlanders beat Boston Americans, 3-2 at Hilltop Park, NYC for pitcher Jack Chesbro's MLB record 41st win of the season (41-12)
  • Oct 8 Vanderbilt Cup, first major trophy in American auto racing is conducted on public roads in Nassau County area of Long Island, NY; inaugural winner, American driver George Heath in a Panhard
  • Oct 10 Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 10 Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
  • Oct 15 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • Oct 16 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur

Historic Event

Oct 17 Bank of Italy (Bank of America), founded by Amadeo Giannini, opens its doors in San Francisco

  • Oct 18 Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne, Germany
  • Oct 19 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through superintendence of American C.A. O'Reilley
  • Oct 20 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • Oct 22 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • Oct 27 First section of New York subway - Lower Manhattan to Broadway Harlem, opened by Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT), fare one nickel
  • Oct 28 St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
  • Oct 29 First intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)