On This Day

Historical Events in 1906

  • Jan 1 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • Jan 1 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

Historic Invention

Jan 2 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

  • Jan 4 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win

Music History

Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Miroirs" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 8 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • Jan 10 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • Jan 12 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • Jan 12 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Election of Interest

Jan 12 Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election

  • Jan 16 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)

Theater Premiere

Jan 19 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

  • Jan 22 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • Jan 25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • Jan 27 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • Jan 29 Dutch speed skater Coen de King skates a world record 32,370m in one hour
  • Jan 31 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • Feb 1 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • Feb 1 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
  • Feb 2 Pope encyclical against separation of church & state
  • Feb 9 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
  • Feb 10 British battleship HMS Dreadnought launches after only 100 days, renders all other capital ships obsolete with its revolutionary design
  • Feb 10 State of siege proclaimed in Zululand
  • Feb 12 George Cohan's musical "George Washington" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 British Labour Party founded

Music History

Feb 18 Vincent d'Indy's "Jour D'été à La Montagne" premieres in Paris

  • Feb 19 Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's
  • Feb 22 Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles, California

Boxing Title Fight

Feb 23 Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart in 20 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Feb 24 Tomas Estrada Palma defeats Jose Gomez in the election for president of Cuba, but Gomez and his followers refuse to accept results and sponsor an uprising
  • Feb 27 France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides
  • Feb 28 Stanley Cup: Ottawa HC beats Queen's University (Kingston, ON), 12-7 for a 2-0 sweep of challenge series
  • Mar 3 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traian Vuia tested in France
  • Mar 6 Cubs sign 3rd baseman Harry Steinfeldt to complete Tinker-Evers-Chance
  • Mar 6 Heavy storm bursts dike, flooding Vlissingen, Netherlands
  • Mar 6 Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Mar 7 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • Mar 8 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: Ottawa HC beats Smiths Falls (ON), 8-2 for a 2-0 sweep of challenge series
  • Mar 10 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Sonatine" by pianist Paule de Lestang, in Lyon, France
  • Mar 10 Europe's worst mining accident when a coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres, France
  • Mar 10 Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.
  • Mar 12 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast

Historic Event

Mar 15 Britons Henry Rolls, Charles Royce and Claude Johnson formalize their existing partnership as Rolls Royce Ltd

  • Mar 17 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: ECAHA playoff: Montreal Wanderers lose, 9-3 to Ottawa HC but win challenge series, 12-10 on aggregate
  • Mar 17 The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio
  • Mar 19 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich

Theater Premiere

Mar 20 George Bernard Shaw's play "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London

  • Mar 24 "Census of the British Empire" shows Great Britain rules 1/5th of the world
  • Mar 27 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 30 68th Grand National: Aubrey Hastings wins aboard 20/1 shot Ascetic's Silver
  • Mar 31 GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 31 Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States is founded to set rules in amateur sports; becomes the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910
  • Apr 2 Dave Nourse takes 4 wickets and Reggie Schwarz 3 as South Africa wins the 5th cricket Test in Cape Town to complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
  • Apr 5 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • Apr 5 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people

1st Animated Film

Apr 6 World's 1st animated cartoon is released, "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces" by J. Stuart Blackton

  • Apr 7 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • Apr 13 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

Historic Event

Apr 14 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

  • Apr 15 The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
  • Apr 16 10th Boston Marathon won by 18-year old Tim Ford in 2:45:45; youngest race winner
  • Apr 18 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

San Francisco Earthquake of 1906

Apr 18 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city

  • Apr 18 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement
  • Apr 19 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • Apr 19 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • Apr 22 Intercalated Games opens in Athens
  • Apr 22 New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls
  • Apr 26 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • May 1 Philadelphia Athletics pitcher John Lush no-hits the Brooklyn Superbas, 6-0
  • May 2 32nd Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Troxler aboard Sir Huon wins in 2:08.8

Historic Event

May 2 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat

  • May 3 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
  • May 6 "Temporary" permit to erect overhead wires on Market Street, San Francisco allows United Railroads to run electric streetcars
  • May 6 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • May 8 Philadelphia A's pitcher Albert Bender is deployed to left field in 6th inning and responds with 2 HRs in A's 11-4 win over Boston Americans at Huntington Avenue Grounds, Boston
  • May 10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • May 10 Italian King Victor Emmanuel & Swiss President Ludwig Forrer open Simplon tunnel
  • May 13 Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem
  • May 14 Flagpole at the White Sox ballpark breaks during pennant-raising
  • May 15 NY Giants' Hooks Wiltse strikes out 4 batters in 1 inning
  • May 17 Switzerland's Simplon Tunnel open to rail traffic
  • May 19 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
  • May 19 Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier
  • May 21 Louis H. Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars
  • May 21 The US and Mexico sign an agreement over distribution of the waters of the Rio Grande, increasingly diverted to the US for irrigation
  • May 22 31st Preakness: Walter Miller aboard Whimsical wins in 1:45
  • May 22 Wright Brothers are granted a patent for their "flying machine," having applied for one 3 years earlier (patent no. 821,393)
  • May 22 A British garrison leaves Esquimalt, on the Pacific coast, after a military occupation that began in 1858: the last British soldiers stationed in Canada
  • May 25 After 20 straight wins, Boston Pilgrims lose to Chicago White Sox 3-0
  • May 26 Archaeological Institute of America forms
  • May 26 Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London, England
  • May 27 1st outlining of Gustav Mahler's 6th symphony, in Essen, Germany
  • May 28 Shields/Cobbs musical "His Honor, The Mayor" premieres in NYC
  • May 30 40th Belmont: Lucien Lyne aboard Burgomaster wins in 2:20

Historic Event

May 30 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened

  • May 31 Assassination attempt on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid during the procession after their marriage in Madrid by a Catalan anarchist kills 30
  • Jun 3 Belgian King Leopold II claims Congo as his private possession
  • Jun 5 Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet
  • Jun 6 Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz)
  • Jun 7 Chicago Cubs score 11 runs in 1st inning of 19-0 drubbing of New York Giants off future Baseball Hall of Famers Christy Mathewson and Joe McGinnity; worst beating in Giants franchise history
  • Jun 7 Famous Cunard passenger liner Lusitania launches
  • Jun 9 Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3
  • Jun 14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia

Sports History

Jun 15 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Scotsman James Braid successfully defends title by 4 strokes from J.H. Taylor of England; his 3rd Open victory

  • Jun 17 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty & Reginald Doherty beat Raymond Little & Holcombe Ward 3-6, 11-9, 9-7, 6-1 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over US (ends 5-0)
  • Jun 22 Haakon VII crowned King of Norway
  • Jun 23 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Helen Homans beats Maud Barger-Wallach 6-4, 6-3 for her lone major singles title
  • Jun 26 Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
  • Jun 29 US Open Men's Golf, Onwentsia GC: Scotsman Alex Smith wins first of his 2 Open titles, 7 strokes ahead of runner-up and younger brother Willie Smith
  • Jun 29 US Congress pass the Hepburn Act, permitting the regulation of rates charged by railroads, pipelines, and terminals engaged in interstate commerce
  • Jun 30 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Atlanta Baptist College (later known as Morehouse College)

Historic Event

Jun 30 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

  • Jul 2 Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-3 for his 5th straight Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 4 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • Jul 5 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats May Sutton 6-3, 9-7 for her 3rd of 7 Wimbledon singles titles
  • Jul 11 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's "An American Tragedy"

Historic Event

Jul 12 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France

  • Jul 15 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam

Election of Interest

Jul 17 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with Georges Clémenceau

  • Jul 20 Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cardinals, 2-0 at Robison Field, St. Louis
  • Jul 23 Pogroms against Jews in Odessa, Russia
  • Jul 28 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
  • Jul 29 4th Tour de France won by René Pottier of France
  • Aug 1 Brooklyn Superbas MLB pitcher Harry McIntire no-hits Pittsburgh for 10 2/3 innings but loses in 13th, 1-0 on an unearned run
  • Aug 2 Chicago White Sox beat Boston Americans, 3-0 to start AL record 19 game MLB win streak
  • Aug 3 Washington Nationals' Tom Hughes becomes first MLB pitcher to win a 1-0 extra innings game off his own home run in 10th v St. Louis Browns
  • Aug 10 Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
  • Aug 13 Black soldiers accused of raid Brownsville, Texas; despite support from local commanding officers, President Theodore Roosevelt orders dishonorable discharge for 167 soldiers; all were cleared of wrongdoing in 1972, 165 posthumously
  • Aug 13 Chicago Cub's pitcher Jack Taylor ends a string of completing 202 MLB games (187 complete, 15 relief) against Brooklyn Superbas in 3rd inning of an 11-3 win at Washington Park, NYC
  • Aug 15 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Historic Event

Aug 15 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits German Emperor Wilhelm II to discuss the escalating rivalry between their nations' naval forces

  • Aug 16 -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000
  • Aug 22 1st Victor Victrola manufactured
  • Aug 23 Chicago White Sox win 19th straight, beating Washington Senators, 4-1 at American League Park
  • Aug 23 Cuba's 1st president Tomés Estrada Palma asks for US intervention
  • Aug 24 Cincinnati Red John Weimer no-hits Dodgers, 1-0 in 7 inning game
  • Aug 29 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: William Clothier beats defending champion Beals Wright 6-3, 6-0, 6-4
  • Aug 30 Hal Chase becomes 1st NY Yankee to hit three triples in a game
  • Aug 30 NY Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
  • Sep 1 Philadelphia beats the Red Sox 4-1 in 24 innings in Boston in the longest game in AL baseball history; both starters go the distance as A's hurler Jack Coombs overcomes Boston's Joe Harris
  • Sep 1 Alberta adopts Mountain Standard Time
  • Sep 1 British New Guinea placed under Australian administration
  • Sep 1 Joseph Harris (Boston) & Jack Coombs (A's) pitch complete 24 inn game
  • Sep 1 New York Highlanders win their 6th consecutive MLB game in 3 days from Washington Senators; sweep AL record 3 straight double headers
  • Sep 1 The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
  • Sep 3 Philadelphia Giants win Negro Championship Cup in Philadelphia before 10,000 fans; black baseball's largest crowd ever
  • Sep 3 After an 8 minute argument over an umpire call the NY Highlanders win on forfeit over Philadelphia A's; Highlanders' MLB record 5th doubleheader sweep on consecutive days
  • Sep 4 New York Highlanders beat Boston Pilgrims, 7 - 0 and 1 - 0 for their MLB record 5th straight doubleheader sweep
  • Sep 5 St. Louis University quarterback Bradbury Robinson throws first legal forward pass in the history of American football for a TD to Jack Schneider at Carroll College, Waukesha, Wisconsin; St. Louis wins, 22-0
  • Sep 7 Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.

Historic Event

Sep 11 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.

  • Sep 12 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • Sep 13 1st airplane flight in Europe
  • Sep 16 Kaarlo Nieminen wins 1st Finnish marathon

Historic Discovery

Sep 16 Douglas Mawson, Edgeworth David and Alistair Mackay claim to have discovered the Magnetic South Pole in Antarctica

Sports History

Sep 17 Playing as "Sullivan" Columbia University jr Eddie Collins debuts with A's

  • Sep 18 A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong
  • Sep 20 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • Sep 21 New York Highlanders 1st baseman Hal Chase has 22 put-outs to tie MLB record in a 6-3 win over Chicago White Sox at South Side Park
  • Sep 22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • Sep 22 In New Zealand Domestic workers call for a 68-hour working week
  • Sep 24 St Louis Card Stony McGlynn no-hits Dodgers, 1-1 in 7 inning game
  • Sep 24 Victor Herbert and Henry Blossom's operetta musical "The Red Mill" opens at the Knickerbocker Theater, NYC
  • Sep 24 Prince George of Greece, convinced that he can no longer serve the cause of Crete, resigns as High Commissioner
  • Sep 25 John Galsworthy's "Silver Box" premieres in London
  • Sep 25 Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the Telekino at Bilbao before a great crowd, guiding a boat from the shore, considered the birth of the remote control
  • Sep 26 Pitts Lefty Leifield no-hits Phillies, 8-0 in 6 inning game
  • Sep 28 US troops reoccupy Cuba, stay until 1909
  • Sep 29 US intervenes in Cuba ousts dictator Estrada Palma
  • Sep 30 Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana
  • Oct 2 Canadian world heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns KOs American challenger 'Fireman' Jim Flynn in 15 rounds to retain his title in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 3 US regime names Charles Magoon, governor of Cuba
  • Oct 3 William Vaughan Moody's "Great Divide" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 4 Chicago Cubs beat Pittsburg Pirates, 4-0 to end MLB season at 116-36 with .763 winning percentage; unmatched since
  • Oct 6 The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
  • Oct 8 Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
  • Oct 11 White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game
  • Oct 11 San Francisco Board of Education orders segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children sparking diplomatic crisis
  • Oct 14 Baseball World Series: In all-Chicago series, White Sox beat Cubs, 8-3 at South Side Park to win title, 4-2; first AL victory

Historic Event

Oct 19 Frederick Winslow Taylor is awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Pennsylvania

  • Oct 20 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrates his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • Oct 22 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Philadelphia

Historic Event

Oct 22 Henry Ford becomes President of Ford Motor Company

  • Oct 25 Georges Clémenceau succeeds Ferdinand Sarien as Prime Minister of France
  • Oct 25 US inventor Lee de Forest patents "Audion", a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio & broadcasting
  • Oct 28 Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Oct 31 George Bernard Shaw's play "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 3 International Radiotelegraph Conference in Berlin selects "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal as the worldwide standard for help

Election of Interest

Nov 6 Charles Evans Hughes (R) elected NY Governor beating William Randolph Hearst

  • Nov 6 Chinese Government ministries are reorganized as part of the movement towards constitutional government; but in fact the Manchu princes retain control and there is little gain for the Chinese people
  • Nov 9 Theodore Roosevelt is 1st US President to visit another country (Puerto Rico and Panama)
  • Nov 11 Ethel Smyth's "Standrecht" premieres in Leipzig
  • Nov 12 C W Gregory (NSW v Qld) starts day at 48*, is 366* at stumps
  • Nov 13 C. W. Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 v Queensland, in record cricket innings by an Australian
  • Nov 14 US President Theodore Roosevelt visits Panama
  • Nov 17 11th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 10-0 in Birmingham
  • Nov 18 Langdon Mitchell's "New York Idea" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 18 Anarchists bomb St. Peter's Basilica in Rome