On This Day

Historical Events in 1908

  • Jan 1 Jack Hobbs makes his international debut in England's 2nd Test win over Australia at the MCG, scoring 83 and 28 in his two innings. Goes onto become the leading run scorer and century maker in 1st-class cricket history.
  • Jan 2 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • Jan 7 England beat Australia by one wicket at the MCG
  • Jan 9 Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • Jan 9 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established
  • Jan 12 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • Jan 13 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers rout Ottawa Victorias, 13-1 for 2-0 sweep of challenge series
  • Jan 13 Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
  • Jan 14 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v England in Adelaide (116)
  • Jan 15 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Australia
  • Jan 15 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority: first Greek-letter organization established by African American college for women
  • Jan 16 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • Jan 18 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London
  • Jan 21 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • Jan 21 "Sullivan Ordinance" is passed in NYC, making it illegal for a woman to smoke in public places. It was vetoed 2 weeks later by mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
  • Jan 22 Katie Mulcahey is arrested for lighting a cigarette, violating the 1-day old "Sullivan Ordinance" banning women from smoking in public, and is fined $5. Appearing before the judge she stated “I’ve got as much right to smoke as you have. I never heard of this new law, and I don’t want to hear about it. No man shall dictate to me.”
  • Jan 23 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo

Historic Publication

Jan 24 Lieutenant General Robert Baden-Powell publishes "Scouting for Boys" as a manual for self-instruction in outdoor skills and self-improvement. The book becomes the inspiration for the Scout Movement.

  • Jan 25 John Blockx's opera "Baldie" premieres in Antwerp
  • Jan 27 Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
  • Jan 29 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • Feb 1 King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
  • Feb 3 Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Feb 3 Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • Feb 4 Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma with the addition to the Union of Oklahoma on November 16, 1907

Sports History

Feb 7 Philadelphia A's manager/owner Connie Mack sells future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Rube Waddell to St Louis Browns for $5,000

  • Feb 8 Wilhelmina '08 soccer team forms in Weert, Netherlands

Boxing Title Fight

Feb 10 Canadian world heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns KOs Englishman Jack Palmer in round 4 in London in his 8th title defence

  • Feb 11 Australia regain the Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory vs England
  • Feb 11 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • Feb 12 Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female
  • Feb 12 NY to Paris auto race (via Alaska & Siberia) begins in NYC George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel
  • Feb 18 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
  • Feb 18 The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this becomes known as the 'Gentlemen's Agreement'
  • Feb 24 In 'Muller v Oregon', the US Supreme Court favors an Oregon law limiting maximum hours a woman may work and denies that it curtails 'liberty of contract'
  • Feb 25 1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opens
  • Feb 27 Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)
  • Feb 28 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • Feb 29 Dutch scientists produce solid helium
  • Mar 4 Primary school catches fire in Collingwood, Ohio (180 killed)
  • Mar 5 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
  • Mar 7 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stands before city council and announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • Mar 8 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, NY
  • Mar 9 Italian football club Inter Milan founded as Foot-Ball Club Internazionale
  • Mar 12 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers beat Winnipeg Maple Leafs, 9-3 for 2-0 sweep of challenge series
  • Mar 12 The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia
  • Mar 14 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers beat Toronto Professionals, 6-4

Music Premiere

Mar 15 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"

  • Mar 17 Canadian champion Tommy Burns KOs Irish challenger Jem Roche in 1:28s of the 1st round at the Theatre Royal, Dublin; then quickest world heavyweight boxing title fight
  • Mar 23 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in hospital two days later
  • Mar 25 Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • Mar 27 70th Grand National: Henry Bletsoe wins aboard American 66/1 outsider Rubio
  • Apr 2 Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by in 1839 by future American Civil War general Abner Doubleday in Cooperstown, New York; known as 'the Doubleday myth'
  • Apr 3 Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hrs
  • Apr 12 Fire at the Boston Blacking Company (producer of leather dyes), spreads by high wind, kills 19 and makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea, Massachusetts
  • Apr 13 Groundbreaking for Philadelphia's Shibe Park, home of MLB Athletics (AL), 1909-54, MLB Phillies (NL), 1938-70, and NFL Eagles, 1940-57
  • Apr 16 Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
  • Apr 18 Canadian champion Tommy Burns KOs Jewey Smith of England in 5th round at Neuilly Bowling Palace, Paris to retain his world heavyweight boxing title
  • Apr 20 12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey in 2:25:43.2
  • Apr 20 Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.
  • Apr 21 American polar explorer Frederick Cook claims to have been the 1st person reach North Pole on this date (disputed)
  • Apr 22 Queensland beat NSW by 171 runs for their 1st cricket win at Gabba
  • Apr 23 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • Apr 24 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m
  • Apr 27 IV Summer (Modern) Olympic Games open in London
  • May 1 World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo, Panama
  • May 2 1908 "Take me out to the Ball Game" registered for copyright.
  • May 5 34th Kentucky Derby: Arthur Pickens aboard 66-1 chance Stone Street wins in muddy track conditions; 2:15.20 slowest Derby in history
  • May 7 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • May 9 Dirk Fock becomes governor of Suriname
  • May 10 1st Mother's Day observed (Philadelphia)

Theater Premiere

May 12 George Bernard Shaw's play "Getting Married" premieres in London

  • May 12 Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B. Stubblefield
  • May 14 1st passenger flight in an airplane
  • May 15 Reich Association Law comes into force
  • May 21 1st American horror movie silent film "Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde" premieres in Chicago
  • May 23 Dirigible explodes over San Francisco Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed
  • May 23 Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington
  • May 24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • May 24 John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London
  • May 26 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom
  • May 27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • May 30 1st federal workmen's compensation law approved
  • May 30 42nd Belmont: Joe Notter aboard Colin win
  • May 30 Aldrich Vineland Currency Act forerunner to Federal Reserve System
  • May 30 Paris advocate E Archdeacon is 1st passenger in a airplane
  • May 30 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah authorized
  • May 31 Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
  • Jun 1 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
  • Jun 2 33rd Preakness: Eddie Dugan riding Royal Tourist wins in 1:46.4

Historic Event

Jun 9 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia

  • Jun 10 1st flying club, Aeronautical Society of NY, opens
  • Jun 10 The Australian Parliament passes the Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act providing for pensions for British subjects (excluding aborigines) at age 65
  • Jun 12 Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • Jun 13 Canadian champion Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires of Australia in 8th round at Neuilly Bowling Palace, Paris to retain world heavyweight boxing title
  • Jun 14 Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing of the building of another four major warships
  • Jun 15 World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam

Republican Party

Jun 16 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor

  • Jun 18 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship

Sports History

Jun 19 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman James Braid wins his 4th Championship by 8 strokes from Tom Ball

  • Jun 23 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899
  • Jun 23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • Jun 27 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Maud Barger-Wallach beats defending champion Evelyn Sears 6-3, 1-6, 6-3 for her lone major title

Sports History

Jun 30 At 41 years, 3 months future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young becomes oldest player to record a third career no-hitter as Boston Red Sox beat NY Highlanders, 8-0

Tunguska Fireball

Jun 30 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jun 30 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper Sterry wins her 5th and final Wimbledon title with a 6-4, 6-4 win over Agnes Morton

  • Jun 30 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Gore takes his 2nd of 3 Wimbledon titles beating Herbert Roper-Barrett 6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 3-6, 6-4
  • Jul 1 "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help
  • Jul 3 Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing
  • Jul 4 New York Giants pitcher George "Hooks" Wiltse no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0 in 10 inn
  • Jul 5 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia

Historic Expedition

Jul 6 Robert Peary's arctic expedition sails from NYC for the north pole

  • Jul 7 Great White Fleet leaves San Francisco Bay

Presidential Convention

Jul 7 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

  • Jul 8 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • Jul 9 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • Jul 10 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • Jul 19 Dutch football club Feyenoord is established in Rotterdam as Wilhelmina; reverts to SC Feijenoord 1912; updated to SC Feyenoord 1974 and to Feyenoord Rotterdam 1978
  • Jul 24 American Johnny Hayes wins London Olympic marathon in Games record 2:55:18.4 after Dorando Pietri of Italy disqualified for receiving assistance before the finish line
  • Jul 24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • Jul 25 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • Jul 26 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)
  • Jul 29 St Louis Browns' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Rube Waddell strikes out 16 Philadelphia A's in 5-4 win against his previous team at Sportsman's Park II, St. Louis
  • Jul 30 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris
  • Aug 3 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man 'Old man of La Chappelle' at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France
  • Aug 6 St Louis Cardinals Johnny Lush pitches 2nd career no-hitter vs Brooklyn Superbas; wins, 2-0 (1st no-hitter 1906)
  • Aug 7 The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', leaves Wellington
  • Aug 9 Tour de France: French road cyclist Lucien Petit-Breton successfully defends his title beating François Faber of Luxembourg

Meeting of Interest

Aug 11 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy

Model T

Aug 12 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car

  • Aug 13 Future Baseball HOF pitcher Cy Young's career is celebrated with special day in his name in Boston; he pitches briefly for Red Sox against an All-Star team
  • Aug 13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • Aug 14 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
  • Aug 14 The first beauty contest is held in Folkestone, England.

Historic Event

Aug 16 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion

  • Aug 17 Booth Tarkington & Harry Leon Wilson's play "Man from Home" premieres in New York

Historic Event

Aug 17 Bank of Italy (now Bank of America) opens new HQ at Clay & Montgomery, San Francisco

  • Aug 17 Projection in Paris of the very first animated cartoon, Fantasmagorie realized by Émile Cohl
  • Aug 20 Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo
  • Aug 20 America's Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to be greeted with a tremendous welcome; 221 American sailors desert to remain in Australia
  • Aug 24 Canadian champion Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 13th round at the Sydney Stadium, Australia to retain world heavyweight boxing title; Burns' 3rd KO of Squires
  • Aug 24 NY Giants scores shown on electric diamonds known as "Compton's Baseball Bulletin" at Madison Square Garden
  • Aug 25 Allen Winter wins US 1st $50,000 trotting race
  • Aug 25 National Association of Colored Nurses forms
  • Aug 27 Calgary City Rugby Football Club re-organizes as the Tigers
  • Aug 29 US Open Men's Golf, Myopia Hunt GC: Fred McLeod defeats fellow Scot Willie Smith by 6 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win his only major title
  • Aug 29 NY gives a ticker tape parade to returning US Olympians from London
  • Aug 29 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Defending champion William Larned beats Beals Wright 6-1, 6-2, 8-6 for his 4th of 7 US singles titles
  • Sep 3 Canadian world heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns KOs Australian Bill Lang in 6 rounds in Melbourne in a warmup fight for his famous title bout with Jack Johnson
  • Sep 3 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London
  • Sep 5 Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Nap Rucker no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0 at Washington Park, Brooklyn

Historic Event

Sep 9 Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va

  • Sep 9 Russia takes part of Poland
  • Sep 12 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • Sep 16 Carriage-maker, William C. Durant, founds General Motors in Flint, Michigan
  • Sep 17 Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
  • Sep 18 Cleveland Indian Bob "Dusty" Rhoades no-hits Boston, 2-1
  • Sep 19 Gustav Mahler's 7th Symphony premieres in Prague
  • Sep 20 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Philadelphia 1-0
  • Sep 22 Bulgaria declares independence from the Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • Sep 23 Giant Fred (Bonehead) Merkle fails to touch 2nd, causes 3rd out in 9th & disallows winning run (game ends tied, Cubs win replay & pennant)
  • Sep 23 University of Alberta opens
  • Sep 24 Robert B Rhoads becomes 1st Cleveland pitcher (Cleveland Naps) to toss a no-hit game, Cleveland 2, Boston 1
  • Sep 25 Cubs' Ed Reulbach becomes only pitcher to throw doubleheader shutout
  • Sep 26 Ed Ruelbach becomes the first person to pitch a doubleheader shutout in major league baseball

Historic Event

Sep 27 Henry Ford's first Ford Model T automobile leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan

  • Sep 29 Calgary Rugby Football Union forms

Theater Premiere

Sep 30 Maurice Maeterlinck's play "L'Oiseau bleu" (The Blue Bird) premieres at the Moscow Art Theatre

  • Oct 1 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)

Sports History

Oct 1 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Jack Chesbro records final victory for the NY Highlanders before waived and claimed by Red Sox; beats Walter Johnson and Washington Senators, 2-1

  • Oct 2 Cleveland Naps and future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Addie Joss hurls a classic perfect game, beating Ed Walsh and the Chicago White Sox, 1-0

Historic Event

Oct 3 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

  • Oct 5 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • Oct 5 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh beats Detroit Tigers, 6-1, his 40th victory of the MLB season; forces AL pennant race to the final day
  • Oct 6 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Oct 6 Tigers beat White Sox, 7-0 to win AL pennant
  • Oct 6 Yanks lose 100th game of year go 51-103 for season
  • Oct 7 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • Oct 7 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • Oct 8 NY Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920)
  • Oct 8 Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
  • Oct 14 Upset over seating arrangements at the Baseball World Series, sports reporters form a professional group that will become Baseball Writers Association of America
  • Oct 14 Baseball World Series: Chicago Cubs beat Detroit Tigers, 2-0 at Bennett Park, Detroit to clinch 4-1 series win; 6,210 fans is smallest crowd in WS history; Cubs retain title
  • Oct 16 Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as Esquimoux
  • Oct 18 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • Oct 20 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • Oct 24 Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"

Historic Event

Oct 28 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries

  • Oct 31 IV Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in London
  • Nov 3 William Howard Taft (R) elected 27th U.S. President over William Jennings Bryan (D)
  • Nov 4 Brooklyn Academy of Music opens in NYC
  • Nov 6 Leonid Andreyev's "Dui Nashey Zhizni" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Nov 7 Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • Nov 10 1st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room
  • Nov 12 Andrew Fisher assumes the position of prime minister for what turns out to be a short-lived second Labour government, Australia