On This Day

Historical Events in 1908 (Part 2)

Historic Event

Nov 14 Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light

  • Nov 14 Oscar Strauss' musical "Der tapfere Soldat" premieres in Vienna
  • Nov 14 Liberal candidate Jose Miguel Gomez wins national elections for president in Cuba
  • Nov 16 Arturo Toscanini begins conducting NY's Metropolitan Opera
  • Nov 22 1st US-Japanese baseball game Reach All-Americans defeat Waseda U, 5-0
  • Nov 25 Dorando Pietri (It) beats Johnny Hayes (US) in Madison Square Garden marathon by 60 yds
  • Nov 28 154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 30 The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific
  • Nov 30 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Melbourne, Australia: Anthony Wilding representing Australasia beats American Fred Alexander 6-3, 6-4, 6-1 to give defending champions a 3-2 victory
  • Dec 2 Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two

Music Premiere

Dec 3 Edward Elgar's 1st Symphony in A performed by the Hallé Orchestra conducted by Hans Richter, premieres in Manchester, England

  • Dec 4 Haiti's president General Alexis Nord flees from military coup
  • Dec 4 The world's ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • Dec 5 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
  • Dec 9 The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women
  • Dec 11 Frederick Delius' orchestral work "In a Summer Garden" premieres in London
  • Dec 12 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Sydney: American Fred Alexander beats Alfred Dunlop of Australia 3-6, 3-6, 6-0, 6-2, 6-3
  • Dec 16 1st credit union in US forms (Manchester NH)

Historic Event

Dec 17 In Turkey the new parliament convenes with reformist Young Turks as the majority

Boxing Title Fight

Dec 26 African-American boxer Jack Johnson stops Canadian defending champion Tommy Burns in the 14th round in Sydney, Australia, to become the first black man to win world heavyweight title; Burns is favourite in 12th title defence but Johnson dominates before police stop the bout

  • Dec 28 Earthquake strikes Messina in Italy, killing nearly 80,000
  • Dec 29 Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisconsin
  • Dec 30 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers outscore Edmonton HC, 14-9 in 2 game challenge series