On This Day

Historical Events in 1911

  • Jan 1 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
  • Jan 1 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
  • Jan 3 US postal savings bank inaugurated
  • Jan 3 The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
  • Jan 3 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • Jan 5 San Francisco has its first air meet
  • Jan 7 Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam
  • Jan 10 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego
  • Jan 10 Honduras signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • Jan 10 Trumper scored double cricket ton v South Africa, goes on to get 214
  • Jan 12 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.

Theater Premiere

Jan 13 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die Ratten" (The Rats) premieres in Berlin

Historic Event

Jan 13 Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa

  • Jan 13 South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
  • Jan 14 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf
  • Jan 15 1st airplane bombing experiments with explosives at San Francisco
  • Jan 16 Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east

Assassination Attempt

Jan 17 Failed assassination attempt on French Prime Minister Aristide Briand in the French Assembly

  • Jan 17 Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • Jan 26 Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego

Music Premiere

Jan 26 Richard Strauss's opera "Die Rosenkavalier" premieres, Dresden

  • Jan 28 Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo
  • Jan 30 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • Jan 30 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy
  • Jan 31 Congress names San Francisco as Panama Canal opening celebration site
  • Feb 5 Society of Dutch Composers forms in Amsterdam
  • Feb 6 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Arizona
  • Feb 6 Great fire destroys downtown Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)
  • Feb 8 US helps overthrow President Miguel Devila of Honduras
  • Feb 17 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
  • Feb 18 The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
  • Feb 21 Gustav Mahler conducts his last concerto, Berceuse élégiaque, in New York City
  • Feb 22 The Canadian Parliament resolves to maintain union with the British Empire, while controlling domestic fiscal affairs
  • Feb 24 Japan and the US conclude a treaty that continues restrictions on Japanese laborers
  • Feb 25 Victor Herbert's opera "Natoma" premieres at Metropolitan Opera House, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 3 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri
  • Mar 4 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
  • Mar 7 US sends 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • Mar 7 Willis Farnsworth of Petaluma, California, patents coin-operated locker
  • Mar 13 Ivan Caryll's musical "The Pink Lady" premieres at the New Amsterdam Theatre, NYC; runs for 336 performances
  • Mar 13 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: Ottawa Senators beat Galt (ON), 7-4
  • Mar 13 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • Mar 16 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: Ottawa Senators beat Port Arthur Bearcats (ON), 13-4
  • Mar 18 North Dakota enacts a hail insurance law
  • Mar 19 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
  • Mar 20 National Squash Tennis Association forms (NYC)
  • Mar 20 Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC
  • Mar 24 73rd Grand National: legendary jockey Jack Anthony wins his first of 3 GN's aboard 20/1 Glenside in torrential rain
  • Mar 25 L. D. Swamikannu publishes "Manual of Indian Chronology" in Bombay
  • Mar 25 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls in Greenwich Village, New York
  • Mar 30 Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed
  • Apr 3 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 4 Hugh Chalmers, automaker, suggests idea of baseball MVP
  • Apr 5 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • Apr 5 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • Apr 12 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)
  • Apr 13 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames in Manhattan, New York City
  • Apr 13 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • Apr 15 Jack Lawrence Theater (Playhouse) opens at 137 W 48th St NYC

Baseball Record

Apr 15 Walter Johnson pitches a record tying 4 strike outs in an inning

Boston Marathon

Apr 17 15th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar in race record 2:21:39.6; first of 7 race victories

Theater Premiere

Apr 19 George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • Apr 27 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate

Historic Event

Apr 27 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi

  • Apr 30 Portugal approves female suffrage
  • May 2 French troops occupy Fès El Bali, Morocco
  • May 9 Fire breaks out at Empire Theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • May 11 The United States becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • May 12 American economic expert W. Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • May 12 1st Inter-Empire Championships open in London
  • May 13 37th Kentucky Derby: George Archibald aboard Meridian wins in 2:05
  • May 13 NY Giant Fred Merkle is 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • May 15 British House of Commons accept Parliament Bill
  • May 15 Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Indiana University, incorporates
  • May 15 Supreme Court dissolves Standard Oil (Sherman Antitrust Act)
  • May 15 The Georgios Averof cruiser is bought by Greece
  • May 16 Remains of a neanderthal man found on Jersey, Channel Islands

Historic Event

May 16 Zeppelin "Deutscheland" wrecked at Dusseldorf

  • May 17 36th Preakness: Eddie Dugan aboard Watervale wins in 1:51
  • May 18 President Jose Porfirio Diaz of Mexico's term ends

Music Premiere

May 19 Maurice Ravel's opera "L'Heure Espagnole" premieres at the Opéra-Comique, Paris, France

  • May 20 Edwin Boaler Alletson hits 189 in 90 mins Notts v Sussex
  • May 21 French troop enter Fez in Morocco to quell anti-European agitation
  • May 22 Braves pitcher, Cliff Curtis, loses his 23rd game in a row

Historic Event

May 23 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President William Howard Taft

  • May 25 Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Jose Porfirio Diaz
  • May 26 Germany passes legislation organizing Alsace and Lorraine as an autonomous state with a legislature
  • May 30 1st Indianapolis 500: Ray Harroun driving a Marmon Wasp for Nordyke & Marmon Company comes out of retirement, wins inaugural event; average speed: 74.602 mph (120.060 km/h)

Historic Event

May 31 RMS Titanic launched in Belfast

  • May 31 Mexican President Porfirio Díaz flees the country during the Mexican Revolution
  • Jun 1 1st US group insurance policy written in Passaic, New Jersey
  • Jun 1 1st Inter-Empire Sports Championships close in London
  • Jun 3 "Come Josephine in My Flying Machine" record by Fred Fisher and Alfred Bryan, sung by Ada Jones and Billy Murray hits #1
  • Jun 5 Red Sox Joe Wood strikes out 3 pinch hitters in 9th for 5-4 win
  • Jun 6 Nicaragua signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • Jun 8 Belgium government of Schollaert falls

Historic Event

Jun 10 Queen Wilhelmina opens Rembrandt house in Amsterdam

Historic Event

Jun 11 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey

  • Jun 11 The Greek national assembly adopts a more liberal constitution
  • Jun 15 Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
  • Jun 16 A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn
  • Jun 17 Belgium government of De Broqueville forms

Florence Cathedral

Jun 17 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Florence Sutton 8-10, 6-1, 9-7 for her third straight US singles title

  • Jun 18 Detroit Tigers trail Chicago White Sox, 13-1 at Bennett Park, Detroit; recover to win, 16-15 for the biggest comeback in Major League Baseball history
  • Jun 20 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) incorporates (NY)

Royal Coronation

Jun 22 King George V crowned King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea

  • Jun 24 French couturier Paul Poiret holds his infamous 'The 1002nd Night' costume ball to launch his “Parfums de Rosine", 1st signature scent linked to a design house
  • Jun 26 US Open Men's Golf, Chicago GC: 19-year old John McDermott becomes first American born champion; wins in a playoff with Mike Brady and George Simpson
  • Jun 26 Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)
  • Jun 28 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France
  • Jun 29 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • Jun 30 Adolphe Messimy appointed French Minister of War
  • Jun 30 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes

Sports History

Jun 30 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's Golf Club: Harry Vardon wins his 5th Championship by 10 shots in a playoff with 1907 champion Arnaud Massy of France

  • Jul 1 Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
  • Jul 1 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco

Sports History

Jul 2 Detroit Tigers legend Ty Cobb hits in his 40th straight game in 14-6 rout of Cleveland. Streak ends next game

  • Jul 4 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
  • Jul 4 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
  • Jul 4 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh halts Ty Cobb's 40-game hitting streak as Cobb goes 0 for 4 in a 7-3 win over Detroit Tigers at Bennett Park
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers becomes first player not to concede a game in a final beating Dora Boothby 6-0, 6-0
  • Jul 8 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcontinenal trip by horse
  • Jul 8 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Anthony Wilding of New Zealand wins 2nd of 4 consecutive Wimbledon singles titles beating Herbert Roper-Barrett 6-4, 4-6, 2-6, 6-2 ret
  • Jul 10 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • Jul 13 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • Jul 14 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
  • Jul 15 46" of rain (beginning 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines
  • Jul 17 Overthrown shah of Persia Mohammed Ali lands on Astrabad with army
  • Jul 20 Boston Red Sox Smokey Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-0
  • Jul 20 Generals Henry Wilson/Auguste Dubail sign plan for British Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany

Historic Discovery

Jul 24 American explorer Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas

  • Jul 24 Cleve's League Park hosts 1st unofficial ML All Star game (benefit game for Addie Joss' family). Cleveland Naps lose to All Stars 5-3
  • Jul 28 96°F (35.6°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • Jul 29 Boston Red Sox Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-0
  • Jul 30 9th Tour de France won by Gustave Garrigou of France
  • Jul 31 Hungarian education is only taught in German

Historic Event

Aug 1 Omar Bradley, aged 18, begins education in West Point Military Academy

  • Aug 1 Transportation workers begin a major strike in England; part of a wave of industrial unrest
  • Aug 2 Haiti's dictator Simon flees on US warship near Jamaica
  • Aug 8 The millionth patent is filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
  • Aug 8 Public Law 62-5 sets the number of representatives in the United States House of Representatives at 435. The law would come into effect in 1913.
  • Aug 10 Parliament Act reduces power of UK's House of Lords
  • Aug 10 The UK House of Commons votes on a salary - of £400 annually - for its members
  • Aug 14 General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
  • Aug 14 United States Senate leaders begin to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
  • Aug 15 Procter & Gamble unveils its Crisco shortening
  • Aug 19 NY Giant Christy Mathewson loses after beating Reds 22 straight times
  • Aug 21 "Mona Lisa" stolen from the Louvre by Vincenzo Perugia; recovered in 1913

Historic Event

Aug 23 British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith holds secret meeting about British strategy in case of war with Germany

  • Aug 24 Manuel d'Arriaga elected first president of Portugal
  • Aug 27 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0 at White Sox Park
  • Aug 28 45.7 cm rainfall at St George, Georgia (state record)
  • Aug 29 Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
  • Aug 31 The "Sullivan Act" requiring New Yorkers to possess licences for firearms small enough to be concealed comes into effect
  • Aug 31 Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
  • Sep 1 M Fourny sets world aircraft distance record of 720 km
  • Sep 2 Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
  • Sep 3 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: William Larned wins his 5th consecutive & 7th overall US singles title; beats Maurice McLoughlin 6-4, 6-4, 6-2
  • Sep 4 French aviator Roland Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft)
  • Sep 9 1st European post delivered by air (Hendon to Windsor, England)

Sports History

Sep 12 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers dual for final time; Boston Rustlers' Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of the Giants; NY wins, 11-2

  • Sep 14 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime had been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • Sep 17 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min
  • Sep 18 Britain's 1st twin-engine airplane (Short S.39) test flown

Historic Event

Sep 18 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Disraeli" premieres in NYC

  • Sep 19 Red Tuesday; 20,000 protest for universal rights
  • Sep 20 Yanks set team record 12 errors in a double header

Election of Interest

Sep 21 Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier loses the election to Robert Bordon of the Conservative Party

  • Sep 22 Boston Rustlers' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young beats Pittsburgh Pirates, 1-0 at Forbes Field for his final career victory, number 511
  • Sep 23 Earl Ovington becomes 1st air mail pilot
  • Sep 25 French battleship Liberte explodes at Toulon Harbor, 285 killed
  • Sep 25 Groundbreaking begins in Boston for Fenway Park
  • Sep 28 NY Highlanders get 13 walk & steal 15 bases (including then record 6 in one inning), beating Browns 18-12; each team committed 6 errors
  • Oct 1 United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hr day
  • Oct 4 1st escalator installed on the London Underground at Earl's Court Station
  • Oct 5 Italian troops occupy Tripoli
  • Oct 6 Beatrix van Rijk becomes 1st licensed Dutch woman pilot
  • Oct 6 Boston Rustlers' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young's MLB farewell appearance is a letdown; loses 13-3 to Brooklyn Dodgers in his 906th game

Historic Event

Oct 10 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

  • Oct 10 The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.

Historic Event

Oct 10 Robert Borden becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Canada

  • Oct 11 Ty Cobb (AL) and Frank Schulte (NL) are named inaugural MLB MVPs; prize is a car
  • Oct 14 Largest baseball crowd ever 38,281 (Polo Grounds) see Giants beat A's, 2-1 (gate is record $77,379)
  • Oct 19 Royal Mint in London sends dies for Canadian $1 coin to Ottawa Branch

Film & TV History

Oct 20 Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210W 46th St, NYC

  • Oct 20 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole
  • Oct 21 RS Hichens & M Hudsons "Garden of Allah" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 Manitoba, Saskatchewan & Alberta Unions form Western Canada Rugby Football Union
  • Oct 23 1st aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War

Historic Expedition

Oct 24 Captain Robert Falcon Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole

Historic Event

Oct 24 Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.

  • Oct 25 London's last horse drawn omnibus made its way from London Bridge Station to Moorgate
  • Oct 26 Baseball World Series: Philadelphia A's rout NY Giants, 13-2 at Shibe Park to clinch 4-2 series win and retain Championship
  • Oct 28 Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • Oct 30 Clark Griffith is named manager of Washington Senators
  • Nov 1 The first aerial bomb is dropped by an Italian pilot on Turkish troops in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War

Model T

Nov 3 Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T

  • Nov 4 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco & Congo