On This Day

Historical Events in January 1912

  • Jan 1 1st running of San Francisco's famed "Bay to Breakers" footrace (7.63 miles/12.3 km); first winner Robert Vlught 44:10

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Sun Yat-sen forms the Republic of China

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Jan 2 Brookyln Superbas Baseball Club President Charles Ebbets announces purchase of 4.5 acres of land to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 23,000; Ebbets Field opens in 1913
  • Jan 2 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Christchurch, NZ: Norman Brookes & Alfred Dunlop beat Americans Maurice McLoughlin & Beals Wright 6-4, 5-7, 7-5, 6-4; Australasia unassailable 3-0 lead; win 4-0

USALiberty Bell

Jan 3 Southern Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco free

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The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
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  • Jan 4 Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • Jan 4 The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • Jan 5 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • Jan 5 The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • Jan 6 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Geophysicist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt

Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist Alfred Wegener
Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist
Alfred Wegener
  • Jan 8 Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
  • Jan 9 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • Jan 10 Caillaux government in France resigns
  • Jan 10 World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
  • Jan 11 Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts following a pay cut
  • Jan 12 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
  • Jan 13 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • Jan 14 Raymond Poincaré becomes Premier of France

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Jan 17 Captain Robert Scott's expedition arrives at the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jan 23 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague
  • Jan 29 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts