On This Day

Historical Events in 1912 (Part 2)

  • Oct 20 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
  • Oct 26 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
  • Oct 26 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens
  • Nov 5 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • Nov 5 Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 Democrat candidate Woodrow Wilson is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent William Howard Taft and Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Music concertMusic Concert

Nov 7 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio.

  • Nov 9 Ferenc Molnàr's "Farkas" premieres in Budapest
  • Nov 9 Ottoman garrison surrenders Thessaloniki / Salonika to the Greek army (OS Oct 27)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 British explorer Robert Falcon Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott
  • Nov 18 Cholera breaks out in Constantinople, in the Ottoman Empire
  • Nov 23 Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
  • Nov 24 Conflict in the Balkans grows into an acute international crisis with major powers supporting either Austria or Serbia
  • Nov 25 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois
  • Nov 25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • Nov 27 Albanian National Flag adopted

  • Nov 27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • Nov 28 Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey in Vlorë
  • Nov 30 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Alerts win their only title; beat Toronto Argonauts, 11-4
  • Nov 30 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Melbourne, Australia: James Cecil Parke beats Rodney Heaths 6-3, 6-4, 6-4 to give British Isles 3-2 victory over defending champions Australasia
  • Dec 1 Boston Braves MLB franchise owner James Gaffney buys the Allston Golf Club on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston with a plan to construct a ball park there; ground breaking for Braves Field starts on March 20, 1915
  • Dec 3 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
  • Dec 3 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Dec 3 First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
  • Dec 5 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • Dec 6 China votes for universal human rights
  • Dec 7 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Wilhelm II of Germany calls 'War Council'

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Gustaf Dalén for inventing automatic regulators for gas accumulators for lighthouses and buoys

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • Dec 12 Rudolf Friml and Otto Harbach's musical "Firefly" premieres in New York City
  • Dec 16 1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
  • Dec 16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
  • Dec 16 First Balkan War: The Ottoman Navy is defeated by the Royal Hellenic Navy at the Battle of Eli
  • Dec 17 Albania's de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire is recognized at the London Conference of Ambassadors

Bare Bones of the Great Ape-Man HoaxBare Bones of the Great Ape-Man Hoax

Dec 18 Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson.

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A replica of the Piltdown skull.
A replica of the Piltdown skull.
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  • Dec 20 J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faite à Marie" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 21 Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • Dec 23 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
  • Dec 23 Aswan Low Dam in Nile begins operation

AssassinationAssassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

Dec 23 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

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An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
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  • Dec 24 Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
  • Dec 28 National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • Dec 28 1st municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California as SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)