On This Day

Historical Events in 1913

  • Jan 1 US Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • Jan 1 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Hastings, NZ: Irishman James Cecil Parke beats Alfred Beamish of England 3-6, 6-3, 1-6, 6-1, 7-5
  • Jan 2 National Woman's Party forms

Historic Event

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

  • Jan 6 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • Jan 7 William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • Jan 8 Frank Chance becomes NY Yankees manager
  • Jan 11 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)

Historic Event

Jan 12 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the newspaper Social Democrat

  • Jan 13 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 16 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
  • Jan 17 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • Jan 18 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • Jan 19 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France

Historic Event

Jan 21 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time

Coup d'état

Jan 23 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

Historic Event

Jan 24 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Sports History

Jan 26 Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for playing as a professional

  • Jan 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Jan 30 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
  • Feb 1 American all-round athlete Jim Thorpe signs a contract to play baseball with the New York Giants; unlike his other sporting endeavours the Olympic-medal winner's career in MLB was uninspiring
  • Feb 2 NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe
  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens

Historic Event

Feb 2 American poet Joyce Kilmer writes his famous poem "Trees" in Mahwah, New Jersey

  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 3 Golden and Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl" premieres in New York City
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

Agreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President William Howard Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

  • Feb 17 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Historic Event

Feb 17 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Historic Event

Feb 18 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Australian capital Canberra
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax
  • Mar 1 1First state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Historic Event

Mar 1 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the Royal Navy's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

Woman Suffrage Procession

Mar 3 Woman suffrage procession through Washington, D.C. organized by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns and led by Inez Milholland. Ida B. Wells marched with her Illinois delegation despite blacks being told to march in a separate section.

  • Mar 4 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • Mar 4 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments
  • Mar 4 Gabriel Faure's opera "Penelope" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 4 NY Yankees are 1st to train outside US (Bermuda)

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

  • Mar 8 MLB Federal League organizes with 6 teams, including the Chicago Whales, who built and played at Weeghman Park (now Wrigley Field); League folded after 3 seasons
  • Mar 8 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • Mar 10 Stanley Cup, Quebec Skating Rink, Quebec City, Quebec: Quebec Bulldogs retain trophy; defeat Sydney Millionaires (NS), 6-2 for a 2-0 sweep of the challenge series
  • Mar 10 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • Mar 12 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • Mar 13 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Historic Event

Mar 14 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

  • Mar 14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • Mar 15 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
  • Mar 15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • Mar 17 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • Mar 18 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki
  • Mar 21 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400

Historic Event

Mar 22 Song Jiaoren, leader of the Chinese Kuomintang Party, shot at Shanghai Railway Station, dies 2 day later (thought orchestrated by Kuomintang President Yuan Shikai)

  • Mar 24 Dutch soccer forward Huug de Groot scores twice as Netherlands score first ever victory over England; 2-1 at HBS, The Hague
  • Mar 24 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway, New York City
  • Mar 25 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster
  • Mar 25 Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (NYC) starring Ed Wynn
  • Mar 26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • Mar 26 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami and Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • Mar 28 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Historic Event

Apr 3 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

  • Apr 4 Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes
  • Apr 4 75th Grand National: Percy Woodland wins aboard 100/9 chance Covertcoat; owner Sir Charles Assheton-Smith's 2nd straight GN victory and 3rd overall
  • Apr 8 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • Apr 8 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified by Congress, providing for election of senators by popular vote
  • Apr 9 Brooklyn Superbas' (later Dodgers) Ebbets Field opens; visiting Philadelphia Phillies win, 1-0
  • Apr 10 President Woodrow Wilson throws out 1st ball, Senators beat Yankees 2-1

Sports History

Apr 10 New York Highlanders play first MLB game as the New York Yankees; lose to the Washington Senators, 2-1 at Griffith Stadium

  • Apr 10 During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
  • Apr 14 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • Apr 16 Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
  • Apr 21 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson in 2:25:14.8
  • Apr 21 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • Apr 22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • Apr 24 Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • Apr 26 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against President Yuan Shikai in China
  • May 1 Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
  • May 6 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • May 7 British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • May 7 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • May 10 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8
  • May 10 Yanks commit 8 errors & still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings
  • May 12 English runner Harry Green runs world record marathon 2:38:16.2 in the Polytechnic Marathon in London, England

Historic Event

May 13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

  • May 14 Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • May 14 Washington Senator Walter Johnson ends MLB record scoreless streak at 56 innings
  • May 19 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • May 20 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4
  • May 26 US Actors' Equity Association forms (NYC)
  • May 26 Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate

Music History

May 29 Igor Stravinsky's avant-garde ballet score "Le Sacre du Printemps" (The Rite of Spring) for the Ballets Russes premieres at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, provoking a riot

  • May 30 Treaty of London signed by the Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and the victorious Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Kingdom of Bulgaria, and Montenegro) bringing an end to the First Balkan War
  • May 30 John McGraw joins Fred Clarke, Cap Anson, Frank Selee, & Connie Mack as managers who have won 1,000 games
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Frenchman Jules Goux becomes first non-American to win race in a car owned by French manufacturer Peugeot
  • May 31 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
  • May 31 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
  • Jun 1 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • Jun 2 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks
  • Jun 2 Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
  • Jun 3 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws

Historic Event

Jun 4 English suffragette Emily Davison dies after throwing herself in front of King George V's horse Anmer during running of the Derby at Epsom

  • Jun 5 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • Jun 6 Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
  • Jun 7 1st verifiable ascent of main summit of Denali (Mt McKinley), North America's highest mountain led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens
  • Jun 11 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI
  • Jun 12 "Dachshund" by Pathe Freres, early animated cartoon, released
  • Jun 13 45th Belmont: Roscoe Troxler aboard Prince Eugene wins in 2:18
  • Jun 13 Yanks win 13th game of year after losing 36 games
  • Jun 14 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • Jun 14 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Defending champion Mary Browne beats Dorothy Green 6-2, 7-5
  • Jun 15 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes
  • Jun 16 South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans
  • Jun 19 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • Jun 20 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • Jun 20 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • Jun 21 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • Jun 24 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Englishman J H Taylor wins Championship for a 5th and final time, 8 strokes ahead of defending champion Ted Ray
  • Jun 25 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • Jun 25 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913
  • Jun 29 An attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions causes the start of the Second Balkan War
  • Jun 30 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup
  • Jul 1 Serbia and Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 3 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: New Zealander Anthony Wilding wins 4th straight Wimbledon title beating American Maurice McLoughlin 8-6, 6-3, 10-8
  • Jul 3 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In an all-British final Dorothea Chambers beats Winifred McNair 6-0, 6-4

Meeting of Interest

Jul 5 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra

Historic Invention

Jul 8 Alfred Carlton Gilbert's patent for the Erector Set is issued, it becomes one of the most popular toys of all time

  • Jul 10 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 10 World's official highest recorded temperature at Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, California at 134 °F (56.7 °C)
  • Jul 12 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • Jul 18 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • Jul 19 Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers Among Popular Songs"; "Malinda's Wedding Day" by singers Byron Harlan and Arthur Collins is #1 (recorded in Camden, New Jersey)
  • Jul 20 Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • Jul 21 The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
  • Jul 23 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • Jul 25 Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
  • Jul 25 Pittsburgh Pirates future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Max Carey scores 5 runs without a hit, reaching first base on an error and 4 walks, as the Bucs beat Philadelphia Phillies, 12-2
  • Jul 25 A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • Jul 27 11th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 27 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon, England: Maurice McLoughlin beats Charles Dixon 8-6, 6-3, 6-2 to give US an unassailable 3-1 lead over the British Isles; US wins, 3-2
  • Jul 29 Independence of the Principality of Albania recognized by the Conference of London
  • Jul 30 Conclusion of the Second Balkan War
  • Aug 3 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • Aug 8 Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
  • Aug 10 Treaty of Bucharest ends the Second Balkan War, Bulgaria cedes territory

A Royal Fantasy!

Aug 13 Otto Witte, German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania

  • Aug 13 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley of Sheffield, England
  • Aug 16 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • Aug 19 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • Aug 20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • Aug 20 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • Aug 26 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Defending champion Maurice McLoughlin beats R. Norris Williams 6-4, 5-7, 6-3, 6-1
  • Aug 27 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • Aug 27 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • Aug 28 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague
  • Aug 29 Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • Aug 30 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
  • Aug 31 Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Aug 31 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police

Historic Event

Sep 1 George Bernard Shaw's "Androcles & the Lion" premieres in London

  • Sep 1 Zhang Xun's Wuwei Corps captures Nanjing on behalf of Emperor Yuan Shikai in the Republic of China's Second Revolution, ending Chinese independence and causing Sun Yat Sen to flee to Japan
  • Sep 2 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • Sep 5 Phillies & Braves tie record of only 1 run in a double header, Phillies win 1st game 1-0, then a scoreless tie into 10th
  • Sep 6 19th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jerry Travers
  • Sep 6 1st aircraft to loop the loop - Adolphe Pégoud in France
  • Sep 6 Hamilton Alerts apply for ORFU reinstatement, taking the name Hamilton Rowing Club
  • Sep 9 Russian pilot Pyotr Nesterov becomes the first pilot to fly a loop, doing so in his Nieuport IV monoplane; he is arrested for ten days for endangering government property
  • Sep 10 Cleveland Call & Post forms
  • Sep 10 George W. Buckner, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 10 Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway
  • Sep 14 Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)
  • Sep 15 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • Sep 16 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage

US Golf Open

Sep 20 US Open Men's Golf, The Country Club: 20-year old amateur Francis Ouimet wins his only Open title in an 18-hole playoff, 5 strokes ahead of Britons Harry Vardon & Ted Ray

  • Sep 21 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • Sep 21 Turkey and Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • Sep 22 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • Sep 22 George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • Sep 23 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • Sep 23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • Sep 23 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • Sep 29 Shubert Theater, named after Sam S. Shubert, opens at 225 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 29 MLB Washington Senator Walter Johnson wins his 36th game
  • Sep 29 The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line
  • Oct 3 US Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%) by President Woodrow Wilson
  • Oct 4 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in 21-3 win over Saskatoon Rugby Club
  • Oct 10 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • Oct 10 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix
  • Oct 10 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China