On This Day

Historical Events in December 1913

  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens in Pittsburgh

Model T

Dec 1 Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece
  • Dec 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • Dec 2 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 6 White Sox beat Giants 9-4 in exhibition game in Tokyo
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco

Sports History

Dec 9 Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris

  • Dec 9 John K Tener becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Dec 10 Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore becomes the first non-European to be presented with the Nobel Prize for Literature for "Gitanjali"

  • Dec 10 Belgium head of the International Peace Bureau Henri La Fontaine becomes the first Socialist to win the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum
  • Dec 12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • Dec 13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • Dec 14 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • Dec 15 Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Film & TV History

Dec 16 Charlie Chaplin begins his film career at Keystone for $150 a week

  • Dec 18 The Indian Inquiry Commission, also known as the Solomon Commission, commences its sittings in Pretoria
  • Dec 19 Jack Johnson fights fellow African-American Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 rounds for the vacant world heavyweight boxing title in Paris, 1st time two black fighters compete for the title
  • Dec 21 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World

Historic Event

Dec 23 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

Historic Event

Dec 26 Ambrose Bierce’s last known communication, a letter to his close friend Blanche Partington

  • Dec 29 1st movie serial "Adventures of Kathlyn" premieres in Chicago
  • Dec 30 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)