On This Day

Historical Events in October 1913

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 US Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%) by President Woodrow Wilson

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Oct 4 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in 21-3 win over Saskatoon Rugby Club
  • Oct 10 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • Oct 10 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix
  • Oct 10 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China
  • Oct 11 Philadelphia A's beat NY Giants, 4 games to 1 in 10th World Series
  • Oct 12 John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robinson blames McGraw & is fired
  • Oct 14 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • Oct 15 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 16 George Bernard Shaw's play "Pygmalion" premieres in Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria

  • Oct 16 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • Oct 22 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • Oct 24 Joe Tinker fired as Cincinnati Reds manager
  • Oct 26 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico
  • Oct 27 President Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • Oct 28 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • Oct 29 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • Oct 31 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated