On This Day

Historical Events in 1913 (Part 2)

  • Oct 14 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • Oct 15 Train crash at St. James' Station, Liverpool during "Black Week" kills six and injures 63

Theater Premiere

Oct 16 George Bernard Shaw's play "Pygmalion" premieres in Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria

  • Oct 16 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC

Historic Event

Oct 19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

  • Oct 21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • Oct 22 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • Oct 24 Joe Tinker fired as Cincinnati Reds manager
  • Oct 26 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico

Historic Event

Oct 27 President Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country

  • Oct 28 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • Oct 29 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands
  • Oct 31 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated
  • Nov 1 Notre Dame upsets Army, 35-13 in the colleges' inaugural football game; quarterback Gus Dorais (14 of 17 passes, 243 yards, 2 TDs) and receiver Knute Rockne use forward pass effectively
  • Nov 1 Less than a week after the US non-intervention promise, President Woodrow Wilson demands that Mexican dictator Huerta resigns
  • Nov 2 St. Louis Browns player-manager George Stovall, fired the previous summer, is the first MLB player to jump to the Federal League, signing to manage the Kansas City Packers
  • Nov 3 1st modern elastic brassiere is patented by New York socialite Mary Phelps Jacob
  • Nov 5 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
  • Nov 6 Mahatma Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners' march in South Africa
  • Nov 9 Storm "Freshwater Fury" sinks 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes
  • Nov 15 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Perth: Australian Ernie Parker beats NZ namesake Harry Parker 2-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2
  • Nov 17 1st US dental hygienists course forms, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Nov 17 The first ship sails through the Panama Canal, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
  • Nov 18 Lincoln Deachey becomes the first American pilot to perform an aircraft loop-the-loop in his Curtiss aeroplane near San Diego
  • Nov 23 Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers
  • Nov 25 The Irish Volunteers founded in Dublin to "secure the rights and liberties common to all the people of Ireland"
  • Nov 26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers
  • Nov 26 Phi Sigma Sigma is founded at Hunter College in New York City
  • Nov 29 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Tigers beat Toronto Parkdale, 44-2; second-largest margin of victory in a Grey Cup final
  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens in Pittsburgh

Model T

Dec 1 Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece
  • Dec 2 Vladimir Mayakovsky's self titled tragedy "Vladimir Mayakovsky" premieres at Saint Petersburg's Luna Park theatre
  • Dec 2 Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Managua created in Nicaragua
  • Dec 2 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 6 White Sox beat Giants 9-4 in exhibition game in Tokyo
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco

Sports History

Dec 9 Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris

  • Dec 9 John K Tener becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Dec 10 Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore becomes the first non-European to be presented with the Nobel Prize for Literature for "Gitanjali"

  • Dec 10 Belgium head of the International Peace Bureau Henri La Fontaine becomes the first Socialist to win the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum
  • Dec 12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • Dec 13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • Dec 14 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • Dec 15 Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Film & TV History

Dec 16 Charlie Chaplin begins his film career at Keystone for $150 a week

  • Dec 18 The Indian Inquiry Commission, also known as the Solomon Commission, commences its sittings in Pretoria
  • Dec 19 Jack Johnson fights fellow African-American Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 rounds for the vacant world heavyweight boxing title in Paris, 1st time two black fighters compete for the title
  • Dec 21 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World
  • Dec 23 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

Historic Event

Dec 26 Ambrose Bierce’s last known communication, a letter to his close friend Blanche Partington

  • Dec 29 1st movie serial "Adventures of Kathlyn" premieres in Chicago
  • Dec 30 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)