Historical Events in July 1914

Historic Event

Jul 1 General J. B. M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Norman Brookes beats 4-time defending champion Anthony Wilding of New Zealand 6-4, 6-4, 7-5

  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers wins her 7th and last Wimbledon singles title beating Ethel Larcombe 7-5, 6-4
  • Jul 5 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • Jul 5 MLB Boston Braves (26-40) are 15 games back in NL, go on to win World Series 4-0 vs Philadelphia A's

Sports History

Jul 7 Baltimore Orioles owner Jack Dunn offers future baseball legend Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10k to Connie Mack (Philadelphia A's); refuses pleading lack of finance

  • Jul 9 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY

Contract of Interest

Jul 9 Boston Red Sox purchase future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth's contract from minor league Baltimore Orioles

  • Jul 11 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth makes his MLB debut as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox; earns 4-3 win against the Cleveland Naps at Fenway Park

Historic Invention

Jul 14 American engineer Robert Goddard is granted the first patent for liquid-fueled rocket design

  • Jul 14 NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
  • Jul 15 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • Jul 16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)

Historic Event

Jul 18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

  • Jul 18 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
  • Jul 19 Boston Braves begin drive from last to the NL pennant with a 3-2 win against the 2nd placed Cincinnati Reds
  • Jul 20 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • Jul 23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • Jul 25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary

Sports History

Jul 25 Last day of club cricket for English legend W. G. Grace at age 66: makes unbeaten 69 runs for Eltham against Grove Park

  • Jul 25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing
  • Jul 26 12th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 26 Britain attempts to organize a conference among major European powers to resolve dispute between Austria-Hungary and Serbia; France, Italy, and eventually Russia agree to participate. but Germany refuses

Historic Event

Jul 26 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain in state of readiness as threat of war in Europe grows

  • Jul 26 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrive from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • Jul 27 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • Jul 27 Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
  • Jul 28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • Jul 28 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow
  • Jul 28 Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden, in NYC, by Harry Fox
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental phone link made between New York City and San Francisco
  • Jul 29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • Jul 29 British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • Jul 29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • Jul 29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary

Historic Event

Jul 30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilization in response to Austria-Hungary's mobilization a few days earlier; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

  • Jul 30 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border

Appointment of Interest

Jul 30 John French appointed Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force

Historic Event

Jul 31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

  • Jul 31 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo