On This Day

Historical Events in 1916 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 295 of 295

  • Aug 28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • Aug 28 Italy declares war against Germany
  • Aug 29 Congress creates US Naval Reserve
  • Aug 29 Transport ship Hsin-Yu & cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1,000 die
  • Aug 29 US Congress accepts Jones Act: Philippines independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 General Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 30 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
  • Aug 31 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London
  • Sep 1 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • Sep 1 US Keating-Owen Act (child labor banned from interstate commerce)
  • Sep 3 Battle of Verdun: French counterattacks on German flanks push their frontline further from the town

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 3 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Sep 4 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers Christy Mathewson & Mordecai Brown face each other for a final time; after 25 contests Mathewson takes a 13-12 advantage with Reds 10-8 winners over Cubs
  • Sep 5 US National Championship Men's Tennis: R. Norris Williams beats Bill Johnston 4-6, 6-4, 0-6, 6-2, 6-4 for his 2nd and final US singles crown

Film release premierFilm Release

Sep 5 "Intolerance", silent film directed by D. W. Griffith, starring Vera Lewis and Ralph Lewis, is released

Film Director D. W. Griffith
Film Director
D. W. Griffith

Historic InventionFirst Supermarket

Sep 6 1st true supermarket, the "Piggly Wiggly" is opened by Clarence Saunders in Memphis, Tennessee
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Shoppers queuing at the Piggly Wiggly checkouts
Shoppers queuing at the Piggly Wiggly checkouts

  • Sep 7 Giants beat Brooklyn 4-1, to launch NY's record 26-game winning streak
  • Sep 7 Workmen's Compensation Act passed by Congress
  • Sep 8 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax
  • Sep 11 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • Sep 11 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men, following initially total collapsed on August 29, 1907.
  • Sep 14 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game

Historic Invention1st Use of Tanks in War

Sep 15 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme
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Battle of Flers–Courcelette.: Mark I tanks fill with petrol on the day tanks were first used in war, September 15, 1916
Battle of Flers–Courcelette.: Mark I tanks fill with petrol on the day tanks were first used in war, September 15, 1916
  • Sep 17 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 WWI flying ace The Red Baron of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • Sep 19 First landing at Schiphol Airport, Netherlands (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • Sep 19 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
  • Sep 24 Indians' Marty Kavanaugh, hits AL's 1st pinch-hit grand slam
  • Sep 26 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • Sep 27 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
  • Sep 27 Emperor Lidj Jasu of Ethiopia flees a palace coup by his aunt Zauditu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 29 American oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first billionaire

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Sep 30 Giants lose to Braves 8-3, ends 26 consecutive win streak
  • Sep 30 Eleftherios Venizelos announces he is forming a Provisional Government in Crete as an alternative to the one in Athens; he is determined to bring Greece into the war on the side of the Allies
  • Oct 2 Pitching in his 3rd start in 5 days, Philadelphia Phillies right hander Grover Cleveland Alexander records his 20th century MLB record 16th shutout of year, a 2-0 win v Boston Braves
  • Oct 2 San Diego Zoo founded

  • Oct 4 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

Oct 5 Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme
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A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Georgia Tech, coached by John Heisman, defeats Cumberland, 222-0; most lopsided score in the history of US college football

American Football Coach John Heisman
American Football Coach
John Heisman
  • Oct 7 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
  • Oct 10 In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
  • Oct 12 Boston Red Sox beat Bkln Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series

Sport awardPGA Championship

Oct 14 1st PGA Championship Men's Golf, Siwanoy CC, Bronxville, NY: Englishman Jim Barnes defeats Jock Hutchison by 1 hole in the 36-hole final

Pioneering Golfer Jim Barnes
Pioneering Golfer
Jim Barnes
  • Oct 14 Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • Oct 14 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • Oct 16 Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic in the US at 46 Amboy St, Brooklyn

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Oct 16 T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) meets with Fasal Hoessein

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Oct 17 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
  • Oct 19 France extends formal recognition of the Provisional Government in Crete proclaimed Eleftherios Venizelos
  • Oct 24 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • Oct 26 Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
  • Oct 27 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • Oct 28 Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
  • Oct 31 Clare Kummer's "Good Gracious Annabelle" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government
  • Nov 1 Broadway theatre owner and producer Harry H. Frazee and Hugh Ward buy MLB club the Boston Red Sox for approximately $700,000 from Joseph Lannin
  • Nov 2 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot
  • Nov 3 Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Nov 5 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage
  • Nov 5 The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • Nov 7 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Tsar of uprising

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) is elected to Congress as its first woman Representative

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • Nov 7 Amidst the Mexican Revolution and World War I, Woodrow Wilson is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Charles E. Hughes
  • Nov 9 Ammunitions ship explodes at Bakaritsa harbour, near Archangel, Soviet Union, approx. 600 killed, 800 injured (OS 26 Oct)
  • Nov 13 British offensive at Ancre, Belgium
  • Nov 13 Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 Canadian pilot William George Barker flying over Ancre River, spots concentration of German troops massing for counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, sends emergency Zone Call to break up German infantry apart. Barker later receives Military Cross

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • Nov 16 Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 16 I. Berlin, V. Herbert, H. Blossoms musical premieres in NYC
  • Nov 16 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million CasualtiesFive Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

Nov 18 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded
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Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures, the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • Nov 21 HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people
  • Nov 24 Mexican and US representatives sign a protocol at Atlantic City, under which Pershing's troops will withdraw and each nation's army will guard the border. President Carranza of Mexico will refuse to accept it
  • Nov 26 Greece declares war on Germany
  • Nov 26 Addressing the Chamber of Commerce in Cincinnati, US President Woodrow Wilson declares that 'The business of neutrality is over. The nature of modern war leaves no state untouched'
  • Nov 28 1st German air attack on London
  • Nov 29 US declares martial law in Dominican Republic
  • Nov 30 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Dec 1 There is virtual civil war in Greece as royalists fight Venizelist, and the Allies determine on a Venizelist victory
  • Dec 2 National Baseball Commission orders that injured players get full pay for duration of their contracts; injury clause previously let clubs suspend players after 15 days' pay
  • Dec 6 World War I: The Central Powers under General Mackensen capture Bucharest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 7 David Lloyd George replaces resigning H. H. Asquith as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • Dec 11 David Lloyd George forms British war government
  • Dec 13 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • Dec 13 Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin
  • Dec 13 French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle
  • Dec 14 America's first board certified doctors are named by the American Board of Ophthalmology following an examination at the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Dec 15 Battle of Verdun: French launch major offensive against German lines after a six-day artillery bombardment
  • Dec 18 Battle of Verdun, longest of World War I, officially ends in German defeat after nine months of fighting and almost 1 million total casualties
  • Dec 19 Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo
  • Dec 23 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • Dec 26 Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France