On This Day

Historical Events in December 1917

  • Dec 1 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha, Nebraska
  • Dec 2 Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
  • Dec 3 After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge finally opens to traffic after two prior collapses
  • Dec 3 The Supreme Allied War Council, meeting at Versailles to define war aim, fails to reach an agreement
  • Dec 5 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • Dec 6 French munition ship "Mont Blanc" explodes in Halifax, Canada killing 1,700
  • Dec 6 Taking advantage of the temporary relaxation of authority in Russia, Finland declares itself a republic, following the Ukraine on 20 November
  • Dec 7 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I

Historic Event

Dec 7 The USA's 42nd 'Rainbow' Division arrives in France (with Colonel Douglass MacArthur among its ranks)

  • Dec 9 British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
  • Dec 11 13 black soldiers hanged for participation in Houston riot
  • Dec 11 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • Dec 12 French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
  • Dec 12 Rev Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Nebraska
  • Dec 14 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • Dec 15 Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
  • Dec 15 World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Russian Bolshevik government and the Central Powers

Historic Event

Dec 18 The Soviet government issues a decree recognizing Finland's newly-declared independence [N.S. December 31]

Prohibition is Ratified

Dec 18 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing prohibition of alcohol, is approved by the US congress and sent to the states for ratification

  • Dec 19 1st NHL game played on artificial ice in Toronto
  • Dec 19 Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game
  • Dec 20 Cheka formed - Soviet state security force and forerunner to the KGB, under Felix Dzerzhinsky after decree by Lenin
  • Dec 20 A second nationwide referendum on military conscription is rejected by the Australian public
  • Dec 22 Flanders declares its independence, under Pieter Tack
  • Dec 22 In the NHL's first official week of play, 3 players score hat tricks in the same game, for the same team; Corb Denneny, Reg Noble, & Harry Meeking each score 3 for the Toronto Arenas in an 11-4 win over the Ottawa Senators
  • Dec 23 3 British warships come close to Holland
  • Dec 25 "Why Marry" 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in NYC
  • Dec 25 Louis Hirsch and Otto Harbach's musical "Going Up" premieres in New York City
  • Dec 26 1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron
  • Dec 26 US Federal government took over operation of American railroads for duration of WW I
  • Dec 30 -32°F (-36°C) in Mountain City, Tennessee (state record)
  • Dec 30 -37°F (-38°C) in Lewisburg, WV (state record)
  • Dec 31 Dutch Social-democratic trade union NVV counts 159,450 members