On This Day

Historical Events in 1917 (Part 2)

  • Sep 27 Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 27 EHC soccer team forms in Hoensbroek Neth
  • Oct 4 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 10 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • Oct 13 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • Oct 13 70,000 people gather to see 'Miracle of the Sun', solar visions reportedly by the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal after prophecies by local children
  • Oct 15 Chicago White Sox beat NY Giants, 4 games to 2 in 14th World Series

BattleExecution

Oct 15 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany during WWI at Vincennes near Paris

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • Oct 17 1st British bombing of Germany
  • Oct 19 Love Field in Dallas, Texas, is opened

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Oct 21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WWI: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • Oct 21 Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
  • Oct 23 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I

  • Oct 24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • Oct 25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • Oct 26 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • Oct 26 World War I: Brazil declares it is in a state of war with the Central Powers
  • Oct 27 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 31 Eugene O'Neill's play "In the Zone" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Oct 31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine - "last successful cavalry charge in history" performed by the 4th Australian Light Horse
  • Nov 2 In WWI the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat: James Gresham, Thomas Enright and Merle Hay
  • Nov 2 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • Nov 2 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China
  • Nov 3 1st class US mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
  • Nov 5 Gen Pershing & US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
  • Nov 5 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Louisville, Kentucky, ordinance requiring backs & whites to live in separate areas

RussiaRed October

Nov 6 [OS Oct 24] Bolshevik revolution begins with bombardment of the Winter Palace in Petrograd during the Russian October Revolution

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Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
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  • Nov 6 New York State adopts a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote in state elections
  • Nov 7 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Nov 7 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
  • Nov 8 Telephone Co runs 1st advertisement for Army operators, receives 7,000 applicants

  • Nov 10 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House
  • Nov 10 Faure's 2nd Violo Sonate premieres
  • Nov 10 New bolshevik government under Lenin suspends freedom of press (temporary) during October Revolution
  • Nov 16 British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa
  • Nov 17 Lenin defends "temporary" removal of freedom of the press
  • Nov 18 Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Nov 20 1st successful tank use in battle, at the Battle of Cambrai in World War I as Britain uses the new technology to break through German lines
  • Nov 20 Ukrainian Republic declared

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Maxim Gorky calls Vladimir Lenin a blind fanatic and unthinking adventurer

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Nov 24 Nine police officers and one civilian are killed when a bomb explodes at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin police headquarters building.
  • Nov 26 NHL forms with Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Maroons, Toronto Arenas, Ottawa Senators & Quebec Bulldogs; National Hockey Association disbands
  • Nov 26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • Nov 28 Sigmund Romberg's revue "Over the Top" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 29 A Supreme Allied War Council meets at Versailles to define war aims
  • Dec 1 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha, Nebraska
  • Dec 2 Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
  • Dec 3 After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge finally opens to traffic after two prior collapses
  • Dec 3 The Supreme Allied War Council, meeting at Versailles to define war aim, fails to reach an agreement
  • Dec 5 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • Dec 6 French munition ship "Mont Blanc" explodes in Halifax, Canada killing 1,700
  • Dec 6 Taking advantage of the temporary relaxation of authority in Russia, Finland declares itself a republic, following the Ukraine on 20 November
  • Dec 7 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 7 The USA's 42nd 'Rainbow' Division arrives in France (with Colonel Douglass MacArthur among its ranks)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Dec 9 British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
  • Dec 11 13 black soldiers hanged for participation in Houston riot
  • Dec 11 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • Dec 12 French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
  • Dec 12 Rev Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Nebraska
  • Dec 14 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • Dec 15 Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
  • Dec 15 World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Russian Bolshevik government and the Central Powers.
  • Dec 18 The Soviet government issues a decree recognizing Finland's newly-declared independence [N.S. December 31]

USAProhibition is Ratified

Dec 18 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing prohibition of alcohol, is approved by the US congress and sent to the states for ratification

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The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
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  • Dec 19 1st NHL game played on artificial ice in Toronto
  • Dec 19 Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game
  • Dec 20 Cheka formed - Soviet state security force and forerunner to the KGB, under Felix Dzerzhinsky after decree by Lenin
  • Dec 20 A second nationwide referendum on military conscription is rejected by the Australian public
  • Dec 22 Flanders declares its independence, under Pieter Tack
  • Dec 22 In the NHL's first official week of play, 3 players score hat tricks in the same game, for the same team; Corb Denneny, Reg Noble, & Harry Meeking each score 3 for the Toronto Arenas in an 11-4 win over the Ottawa Senators
  • Dec 23 3 British warships come close to Holland
  • Dec 25 "Why Marry" 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in NYC
  • Dec 25 Louis Hirsch and Otto Harbach's musical "Going Up" premieres in New York City
  • Dec 26 1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron
  • Dec 26 US Federal government took over operation of American railroads for duration of WW I
  • Dec 30 -32°F (-36°C) in Mountain City, Tennessee (state record)
  • Dec 30 -37°F (-38°C) in Lewisburg, WV (state record)
  • Dec 31 Dutch Social-democratic trade union NVV counts 159,450 members