On This Day

Historical Events in 1918 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 310 of 310

  • Sep 5 Due to WW I, 15th World Series begins a month early
  • Sep 5 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • Sep 9 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • Sep 10 Players on both sides threaten to strike the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners & $1,000 each for the losers
  • Sep 11 Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 15th World Series
  • Sep 12 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • Sep 13 Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • Sep 14 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • Sep 20 Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
  • Sep 26 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • Sep 29 WWI: Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Oct 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • Oct 3 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • Oct 3 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St NYC

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 4 Musical "Sometime" with Mae West premieres in NYC

Actress Mae West
Actress
Mae West

  • Oct 6 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die

Battle of InterestSgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

Oct 8 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans

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Painting of Sergeant Alvin York firing at the German soldiers in France
Painting of Sergeant Alvin York firing at the German soldiers in France
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  • Oct 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • Oct 11 Major tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • Oct 12 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • Oct 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • Oct 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • Oct 18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Oct 18 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P. J. Quinn
  • Oct 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)

Victory in BattleEnd of World War I

Oct 20 In order to secure a WWI armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions

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This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
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  • Oct 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • Oct 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hits a reef off Alaska, 398 die

UKStonehenge

Oct 26 Cecil Chubb gives prehistoric monument Stonehenge to the British nation

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Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
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  • Oct 26 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • Oct 26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • Oct 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Oct 28 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president

  • Oct 29 German sailors refuse to obey orders to fight British naval forces and lead a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, beginning the German Revolution
  • Oct 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • Oct 30 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

Oct 31 Spanish flu kills 21,000 people in the US in a single week

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1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
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  • Oct 31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet
  • Nov 1 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • Nov 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
  • Nov 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • Nov 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • Nov 3 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • Nov 4 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • Nov 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • Nov 6 Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
  • Nov 6 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan

InventionHistoric Invention

Nov 7 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Nov 7 United Press erroneously reports WWI armistice had been signed
  • Nov 7 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd
  • Nov 7 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year
  • Nov 7 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • Nov 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in World War I

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Nov 9 Following the collapse of Germany in World War I, the Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed
  • Nov 10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • Nov 10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • Nov 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • Nov 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • Nov 11 Poland declares independence

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too ExcitedThe War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

Nov 11 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

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Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett
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  • Nov 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • Nov 13 Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates
  • Nov 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • Nov 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
  • Nov 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • Nov 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • Nov 17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • Nov 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • Nov 18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • Nov 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • Nov 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland
  • Nov 21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • Nov 22 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • Nov 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • Nov 22 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • Nov 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • Nov 24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • Nov 26 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia
  • Nov 28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • Nov 28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • Nov 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro
  • Dec 1 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • Dec 1 Yugoslavia declares independence with a monarchy proclaimed in Belgrade

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 4 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 5 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • Dec 9 French troops occupies Mainz

  • Dec 10 John Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League for the 2nd time
  • Dec 13 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 14 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Il Trittico" premieres in NYC

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Composer
Giacomo Puccini
  • Dec 14 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • Dec 14 Sinn Féin candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • Dec 15 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Dec 16 Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Dec 16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • Dec 17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • Dec 19 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Dec 20 The Allies turn their attention to Bolshevik expansion in the East, landing troops in Crimea and Latvia
  • Dec 21 Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore & Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell & Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters & $15,000
  • Dec 26 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Aust after WW I (Vic v NSW)
  • Dec 26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • Dec 27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 Montreal's Georges Vezina becomes the first NHL goalie to record an assist during the Canadiens’ 6-3 win over the Toronto Arenas

NHL Goalie Georges Vezina
NHL Goalie
Georges Vezina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Dec 31 Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as White Sox manager