On This Day

Historical Events in 1918 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 308 of 308

  • Sep 9 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • Sep 10 Boston Red Sox and Chicago Cubs players threaten to boycott the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners & $1,000 each for the losers
  • Sep 11 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, 2-1 at Fenway Park for 4-2 series win; Sox 5th WS title
  • Sep 12 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • Sep 13 Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • Sep 14 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • Sep 20 Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
  • Sep 26 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • Sep 29 WWI: Allied forces score a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line

Victory in Battle

Oct 1 World War I: Combined Arab and British force under the Lawrence of Arabia, T. E. Lawrence captures Damascus from the Turks

  • Oct 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • Oct 3 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • Oct 3 Brothers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn open Selwyn Theater at 229 W 42nd St, Times Square, NYC: now known as American Airlines Theatre

Music Premiere

Oct 4 Musical "Sometime" with Mae West premieres in NYC

  • Oct 6 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die

Sgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

Oct 8 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans

  • Oct 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • Oct 11 Major tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • Oct 12 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • Oct 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • Oct 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • Oct 18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Oct 18 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P. J. Quinn
  • Oct 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • Oct 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • Oct 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hits a reef off Alaska, 398 die

Stonehenge

Oct 26 Cecil Chubb gives prehistoric monument Stonehenge to the British nation

  • Oct 26 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • Oct 26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • Oct 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up

Historic Event

Oct 28 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

  • Oct 28 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president
  • Oct 29 German sailors refuse to obey orders to fight British naval forces and lead a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, beginning the German Revolution
  • Oct 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • Oct 30 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • Oct 31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet
  • Nov 1 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • Nov 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
  • Nov 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • Nov 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • Nov 3 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • Nov 4 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • Nov 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • Nov 6 Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
  • Nov 6 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan

Historic Invention

Nov 7 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

  • Nov 7 United Press erroneously reports WWI armistice had been signed
  • Nov 7 Soviet dramatic play "Mystery-Bouffe" by Vladimir Mayakovsky premieres in Petrograd
  • Nov 7 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year
  • Nov 7 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • Nov 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs

Historic Event

Nov 9 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in World War I

  • Nov 9 Following the collapse of Germany in World War I, the Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed
  • Nov 10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

Historic Event

Nov 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

  • Nov 10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • Nov 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • Nov 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • Nov 11 Poland declares independence

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

Nov 11 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

  • Nov 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • Nov 13 Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates
  • Nov 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • Nov 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
  • Nov 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • Nov 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • Nov 17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • Nov 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • Nov 18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • Nov 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • Nov 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland
  • Nov 21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • Nov 22 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • Nov 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • Nov 22 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • Nov 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • Nov 24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • Nov 26 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia
  • Nov 28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • Nov 28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • Nov 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro
  • Dec 1 Danish parliament passes an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • Dec 1 Yugoslavia declares independence with a monarchy proclaimed in Belgrade

Conference of Interest

Dec 4 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France

  • Dec 5 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • Dec 9 French troops occupies Mainz
  • Dec 10 John Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League for the 2nd time
  • Dec 13 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany

Music Premiere

Dec 14 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Il Trittico" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 14 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • Dec 14 Sinn Féin candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • Dec 15 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting

Boxing Title Fight

Dec 16 Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds

  • Dec 16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • Dec 17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • Dec 19 Robert Ripley begins his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)

Historic Event

Dec 20 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 20 The Allies turn their attention to Bolshevik expansion in the East, landing troops in Crimea and Latvia
  • Dec 21 Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore & Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell & Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters & $15,000
  • Dec 26 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Aust after WW I (Vic v NSW)
  • Dec 26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • Dec 27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

Sports History

Dec 28 Montreal's Georges Vezina becomes the first NHL goalie to record an assist during the Canadiens’ 6-3 win over the Toronto Arenas

Historic Event

Dec 30 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

  • Dec 31 Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as Chicago White Sox manager; reach World Series but lose in the "Black Sox" betting scandal; Gleason not involved