On This Day

Historical Events in 1919 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 313 of 313

  • Aug 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • Aug 13 American thoroughbred racehorse Man o' War's only defeat in 21 start career; Upset wins Sanford Memorial Stakes at Saratoga Race Course
  • Aug 14 Chicago White Sox outfielder Happy Felsch ties MLB record of 4 outfield assists in a game in 15-6 loss to Boston Red Sox
  • Aug 18 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 19 After nearly 100 years of British control, Afghanistan declares itself independent
  • Aug 20 Wichita outfielder Joe Wilhoit (Western League) fails to get a hit, ending a 69-game streak (155 hits in 299 at bats for .505 average)
  • Aug 23 "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premieres in Chicago Tribune
  • Aug 24 Having pitched into the 9th inning Cleveland's Ray Caldwell is flattened by a bolt of lightning; goes on to record final out for Indians' 2-1 win over Philadelphia A's
  • Aug 25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • Aug 28 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • Aug 30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • Aug 31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • Aug 31 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • Aug 31 Ukrainian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev

Theater Premiere

Sep 1 Frank Wedekind's play "Herakles" premieres in Munich

  • Sep 2 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 2 Italy agrees to general voting rights and proportional representation

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

Sep 3 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

  • Sep 4 British intervene in Petrograd

Historic Event

Sep 4 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

  • Sep 4 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Johnston wins his second US title; beats Bill Tilden 6-4, 6-4, 6-3
  • Sep 9 Boston's police force strikes
  • Sep 10 Cleveland Indians pitcher Ray Caldwell no-hits New York Yankees, 3-0 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

Historic Event

Sep 10 NYC welcomes home General John J. Pershing and 25,000 WWI soldiers

  • Sep 10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
  • Sep 10 China becomes a member of the League of Nations
  • Sep 11 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • Sep 12 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

Agreement of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

  • Sep 13 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 14 British regime forbids Sinn Féin Dáil
  • Sep 16 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • Sep 16 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
  • Sep 18 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • Sep 18 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drowns 280 along Gulf Coast

PGA Championship

Sep 20 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Engineers CC: Defending champion Jim Barnes defeats Fred McLeod, 6 & 5 in the final

Baseball Record

Sep 20 Legendary baseball slugger Babe Ruth ties Ned Williamson's MLB mark of 27 home runs with a 9th inning blast in Boston Red Sox 4-3 win against Chicago White Sox

  • Sep 20 Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • Sep 24 Boston Red Sox slugger Babe Ruth sets MLB season home run record at 28 off Yankee Bob Shawkey in a 2-1 loss at the Polo Grounds in NYC

Historic Event

Sep 25 US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers

  • Sep 27 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • Sep 27 Democratic National Committee votes to allow female members
  • Sep 27 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
  • Sep 27 Boston Red Sox slugger Babe Ruth takes his MLB home run record to 29 with a 3rd inning blast in a 7-5 defeat at the Washington Senators' Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 28 Fastest major league game (51 mins), Giants beat Phillies 6-1
  • Sep 30 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 30 Race riot at Elaine, Arkansas
  • Oct 1 Infamous 'Black Sox' Baseball World Series begins with Cincinnati Reds' Dutch Ruether pitching a 6-hitter and hitting 3 RBI on 2 triples and a single for a 9-1 rout of White Sox
  • Oct 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth
  • Oct 2 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed
  • Oct 3 Cuban Dolf Luque becomes first Hispanic player to appear in Baseball World Series; pitches 1 inning of relief in Cincinnati Reds' 3-0 defeat to Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park
  • Oct 3 Serbian, Croatian and Slavic Parliament passes an accord for an 8 hr work day
  • Oct 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • Oct 6 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • Oct 6 Chicago White Sox catcher Ray Schalk is 2nd man ejected from a Baseball World Series in Game 5 vs Cincinnati Reds; angered when pitchers Eddie Cicotte & Lefty Williams refuse to follow his signals during 5-0 loss
  • Oct 7 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • Oct 7 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • Oct 9 Baseball World Series: Cincinnati Reds beat Chicago White Sox, 10-5 at Comiskey Park for a 5-3 series victory; due to 'Black Sox Scandal' last WS to take place without a Commissioner of Baseball in place

Music Premiere

Oct 10 Richard Strauss and Hugo van Hofmannsthal's opera "Die Frau ohne Schatten" (The Woman Without A Shadow), premieres in Vienna, Austria

  • Oct 15 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vermont to Massachusetts for $1000 prize money
  • Oct 17 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is created as a subsidiary of General Electric
  • Oct 18 Belvin Maynard wins the first transcontinental air race in round trip of nine days, four hours, 25 minutes and 12 seconds, race costs nine lives with 54 crashes or forced landings

Historic Event

Oct 18 David Beatty is created 1st Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale, and Baron Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby

  • Oct 19 1st US Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a living female recipient, Anna Howard Shaw
  • Oct 23 Romberg & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 23 Orchestra Hall, designed by C. Howard Crane opens in Detroit, Michigan; home of the Detroit Symphony, 1919-39 and 1989 to present, also known as The Paradise Theater, featuring top jazz performers and films, 1941-51
  • Oct 26 B C Hilliam's musical "Buddies" premieres in NYC

Music Premiere

Oct 26 Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, premieres at Queen's Hall, London

  • Oct 26 US President Woodrow Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
  • Oct 27 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • Oct 28 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Woodrow Wilson's veto
  • Oct 30 Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of spitball
  • Nov 1 British Admiral David Beatty becomes First Sea Lord
  • Nov 5 Ir à Steringa Idzerda begins hosting "soirée-musical" on Dutch radio
  • Nov 6 1st Dutch radio program: Soirée Musicale with "Turf in you(r) ransel"
  • Nov 7 US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers
  • Nov 10 1st observance of National Book Week
  • Nov 10 American Legion's 1st national convention (Minneapolis)
  • Nov 11 Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political and business views
  • Nov 12 Ross & Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • Nov 14 Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia
  • Nov 15 US Senate 1st invokes the Cloture Rule to end a filibuster, passes Versailles Treaty [1]
  • Nov 16 Admiral Miklós Horthy, head of the Hungarian National Army, seizes Budapest and will later become regent of the restored Kingdom of Hungary
  • Nov 18 H Tierney & J McCarthy's musical "Irene" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 19 US Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 to 39; Congress two years later approves resolution ending hostilities with Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • Nov 20 1st municipally owned airport in US opens in Tucson, Arizona
  • Nov 22 15,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam
  • Nov 22 Labor conference committee in US urges 8-hour work day and 48-hour week
  • Nov 27 Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine: Allies & Bulgaria

Election of Interest

Nov 28 American-born Lady Nancy Astor elected as the 1st female member of the British House of Commons

  • Dec 1 AA Milne's comedy play "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • Dec 1 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
  • Dec 10 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US President Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 10 NL votes to ban the spitball's use by all new pitchers

Sports History

Dec 10 NY, Boston, & Chicago, oppose AL resolution accusing Ban Johnson of overstepping his duties

  • Dec 11 Boll weevil monument dedicated in Enterprise, Alabama
  • Dec 13 Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
  • Dec 15 Edna St Vincent Millay's play "Aria da Capo" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 15 Fiume (Rijeka, modern Croatia) declares its Independence
  • Dec 17 Austrian parliament approves 8-hour working day
  • Dec 19 American Meteorological Society found
  • Dec 20 Canadian National Railways established (N America's longest, 50,000 KM)
  • Dec 20 US House of Representatives restricts immigration

Historic Event

Dec 21 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

  • Dec 22 US deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman
  • Dec 23 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
  • Dec 23 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
  • Dec 26 Yankees and Boston Red Sox reach agreement to move future Baseball Hall of Fame pitching slugger Babe Ruth to New York
  • Dec 27 Red Sox owner Harry Frazee announces they will deal any player except Harry Hooper, Hooper is sent to the White Sox after 1920 season
  • Dec 30 Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student.