On This Day

Historical Events in 1919 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 312 of 312

  • Aug 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • Aug 13 American thoroughbred racehorse Man o' War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
  • Aug 14 Chicago White Sox outfielder Happy Felsch ties MLB record of 4 outfield assists in a game in 15-6 loss to Boston Red Sox
  • Aug 18 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 19 Afghanistan declares independence from UK
  • Aug 20 Wichita outfielder Joe Wilhoit (Western League) fails to get a hit, ending a 69-game streak (155 hits in 299 at bats for .505 average)
  • Aug 23 "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premieres in Chicago Tribune
  • Aug 24 Cleveland pitcher Ray Caldwell is flattened by a bolt of lightning
  • Aug 25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • Aug 28 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • Aug 30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • Aug 31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • Aug 31 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • Aug 31 Ukrainian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Frank Wedekind's "Herakles" premieres in Munich

Actor and Playwright Frank Wedekind
Actor and Playwright
Frank Wedekind
  • Sep 2 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago

  • Sep 2 Italy agrees to general voting rights and proportional representation

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Sep 3 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Sep 4 British intervene in Petrograd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Sep 4 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Johnston wins his second US title; beats Bill Tilden 6-4, 6-4, 6-3
  • Sep 9 Boston's police force strikes
  • Sep 10 Indians Ray Caldwell no-hits Yankees 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 NYC welcomes home General John J. Pershing & 25,000 WW I soldiers

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • Sep 10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
  • Sep 10 China becomes a member of the League of Nations
  • Sep 11 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • Sep 12 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 13 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 14 British regime forbids Sinn Féin Dáil
  • Sep 16 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • Sep 16 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
  • Sep 18 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • Sep 18 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drowns 280 along Gulf Coast

Sport awardPGA Championship

Sep 20 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Engineers CC: Defending champion Jim Barnes defeats Fred McLeod, 6 & 5 in the final

Pioneering Golfer Jim Barnes
Pioneering Golfer
Jim Barnes

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 20 Legendary baseball slugger Babe Ruth ties Ned Williamson's MLB mark of 27 home runs with a 9th inning blast in Boston Red Sox 4-3 win against Chicago WS

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Sep 20 Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • Sep 24 Boston Red Sox slugger Babe Ruth sets MLB season home run record at 28 off Yankee Bob Shawkey in a 2-1 loss at the Polo Grounds in NYC
  • Sep 25 US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers
  • Sep 27 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • Sep 27 Democratic National Committee votes to allow female members
  • Sep 27 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
  • Sep 27 Boston Red Sox slugger Babe Ruth takes his MLB home run record to 29 with a 3rd inning blast in a 7-5 defeat at the Washington Senators' Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 28 Fastest major league game (51 mins), Giants beat Phillies 6-1
  • Sep 30 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 30 Race riot at Elaine, Arkansas
  • Oct 1 Infamous 'Black Sox' Baseball World Series begins with Cincinnati Reds' Dutch Ruether pitching a 6-hitter and hitting 3 RBI on 2 triples and a single for a 9-1 rout of White Sox
  • Oct 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth
  • Oct 2 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed
  • Oct 3 Cuban Dolf Luque becomes first Hispanic player to appear in Baseball World Series; pitches 1 inning of relief in Reds' 3-0 defeat to Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park
  • Oct 3 Serbian, Croatian and Slavic Parliament passes an accord for an 8 hr work day
  • Oct 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • Oct 6 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • Oct 6 White Sox catcher Ray Schalk is 2nd man ejected from a World Series
  • Oct 7 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • Oct 7 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • Oct 9 Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th World Series. This series is known as black sox scandal as 8 White Sox throw series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 10 Richard Strauss & Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna

Composer and Conductor Richard Strauss
Composer and Conductor
Richard Strauss
  • Oct 15 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money
  • Oct 17 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is created as a subsidiary of General Electric
  • Oct 18 Belvin Maynard wins the first transcontinental air race in round trip of nine days, four hours, 25 minutes and 12 seconds, race costs nine lives with 54 crashes or forced landings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 David Beatty is created 1st Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale, and Baron Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Oct 19 1st US Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a living female recipient, Anna Howard Shaw
  • Oct 23 Romberg & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 B C Hilliam's musical "Buddies" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, premieres in Queen's Hall London

Composer Edward Elgar
Composer
Edward Elgar
  • Oct 26 US President Woodrow Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
  • Oct 27 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • Oct 28 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Woodrow Wilson's veto
  • Oct 30 Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of spitball
  • Nov 1 British Admiral David Beatty becomes First Sea Lord
  • Nov 5 Ir à Steringa Idzerda begins hosting "soirée-musical" on Dutch radio
  • Nov 6 1st Dutch radio program: Soirée Musicale with "Turf in you(r) ransel"
  • Nov 7 US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers
  • Nov 10 1st observance of National Book Week
  • Nov 10 American Legion's 1st national convention (Minneapolis)
  • Nov 11 Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political and business views
  • Nov 12 Ross & Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • Nov 14 Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia
  • Nov 15 US Senate 1st invokes the Cloture Rule to end a filibuster, passes Versailles Treaty [1]
  • Nov 16 Admiral Miklós Horthy, head of the Hungarian National Army, seizes Budapest and will later become regent of the restored Kingdom of Hungary
  • Nov 18 H Tierney & J McCarthy's musical "Irene" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 19 US Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 to 39; Congress two years later approves resolution ending hostilities with Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • Nov 20 1st municipally owned airport in US opens in Tucson, Arizona
  • Nov 22 15,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam
  • Nov 22 Labor conference committee in US urges 8-hour work day and 48-hour week
  • Nov 27 Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine: Allies & Bulgaria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Ignacy Jan Paderewski resigns as Polish Prime Minister

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 28 American-born Lady Nancy Astor elected as the 1st female member of the British House of Commons

1st Female MP in the United Kingdom Nancy Astor
1st Female MP in the United Kingdom
Nancy Astor
  • Dec 1 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • Dec 1 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
  • Dec 10 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US President Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 10 NL votes to ban the spitball's use by all new pitchers
  • Dec 10 NY, Boston, & Chicago, oppose AL resolution accusing Ban Johnson of overstepping his duties
  • Dec 11 Boll weevil monument dedicated in Enterprise, Alabama
  • Dec 13 Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
  • Dec 15 Edna St Vincent Millay's "Aria da Capo" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 15 Fiume (Rijeka) declares it's Independence
  • Dec 17 Austrian parliament approves 8-hour working day
  • Dec 19 American Meteorological Society found
  • Dec 20 Canadian National Railways established (N America's longest, 50,000 KM)
  • Dec 20 US House of Representatives restricts immigration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Dec 22 US deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman
  • Dec 23 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
  • Dec 23 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
  • Dec 26 Yankees and Boston Red Sox reach agreement to move future Baseball Hall of Fame pitching slugger Babe Ruth to New York
  • Dec 27 Red Sox owner Harry Frazee announces they will deal any player except Harry Hooper, Hooper is sent to the White Sox after 1920 season
  • Dec 30 Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student.