On This Day

Historical Events in August 1920

  • Aug 1 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • Aug 8 Tigers beat Yanks 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
  • Aug 9 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • Aug 10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • Aug 10 Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • Aug 10 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • Aug 10 Mamie Smith and her Jazz Hounds record “Crazy Blues” for Okeh Records, first significant Blues hit by African American artist
  • Aug 11 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins

Sport awardUS Golf Open

Aug 13 US Open Men's Golf, Inverness GC: Isle of Jersey native Ted Ray pars the 18th, giving him a 1-stroke win over runners-up Harry Vardon, Jock Hutchison, Leo Diegel & Jack Burke Sr

Golfer and Two-Time PGA Champion Leo Diegel
Golfer and Two-Time PGA Champion
Leo Diegel
  • Aug 13 Flag designed by Marcus Garvey consisting of three horizontal stripes of red, black and green is adopted as the pan-African flag
  • Aug 14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • Aug 14 VII Summer Olympic Games open in Antwerp, Belgium; first time Olympic Oath voiced, doves released to symbolise peace, and Olympic Flag flown

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 15 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • Aug 16 Ray Chapman, of Indians is hit in head by Yankees pitcher Carl Mays; he dies the next day in only major league fatality

  • Aug 17 NY Yankees cancel game with Cleveland Indians in memory of Ray Chapman who died on the same day
  • Aug 18 1st class cricket debut of Walter Hammond
  • Aug 18 22 year old representative Harry T. Burn is deciding vote in Tennessee's and thus America's ratification of the 19th Amendment to the constitution allowing women's suffrage after letter from his mother

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20 American Professional Football Association forms; Jim Thorpe installed as president; later to become the National Football League (NFL)

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Aug 20 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • Aug 20 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • Aug 21 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Flossmoor CC: American based Scotsman Jock Hutchison beats J. Douglas Edgar of England, 1-up; first of Hutchinson's 2 majors
  • Aug 23 Mary Roberts Rinehart & Avery Roberts play "The Bat" based on Reinhart's novel "The Circular Staircase"premieres on Broadway in New York
  • Aug 23 American swimmer Warren Kealoha wins first of 2 consecutive Olympic gold medals in the 100m backstroke, beating teammate Ray Kegeris at the Antwerp Games
  • Aug 24 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • Aug 25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • Aug 25 American swimmer Norman Ross wins his first of 3 gold medals at the Antwerp Olympics in dominating men's 1,500m freestyle; also wins 400m freestyle and 4 x 200m freestyle relay
  • Aug 25 Ethelda Bleibtrey leads an American medal sweep of the Antwerp Olympics women's 100m freestyle with a world record 1:13.6; first US female Olympic champion
  • Aug 25 Swedish divers sweep the medals in the men's plain high diving event at the Antwerp Olympics; Arvid Wallman wins gold ahead of teammates Nils Skoglund & John Jansson
  • Aug 26 Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 mins
  • Aug 27 American diver Louis Kuehn leads a US medal sweep in the men's 3m springboard event at the Antwerp Olympics; teammates Clarence Pinkston & Louis Balbach take the minor medals
  • Aug 28 American swimmer Norman Ross wins his 2nd of 3 gold medals at the Antwerp Olympics; beats teammate Ludwig Langer in the men's 400m freestyle; also wins 1,500m and 4 x 200m freestyle relay
  • Aug 28 Ethelda Bleibtrey leads an American medal sweep of the Antwerp Olympics women's 300m freestyle with a world record swim of 4:34.0
  • Aug 29 An American sweep of the medals in the men's 100m freestyle at the Antwerp Olympics; Duke Kahanamoku sets world record 1:00.4 in defending his 1912 gold medal
  • Aug 29 Swedish swimmer Håkan Malmrot completes the breaststroke double at the Antwerp Olympics beating teammate Thor Henning in the 200m; also beats Henning for gold in the 400m
  • Aug 29 Ethelda Bleibtrey wins her 3rd gold medal of the Antwerp Olympics; teams with Irene Guest, Frances Schroth & Margaret Woodbridge in American 4 x 100m freestyle relay team; world record 5:11.6
  • Aug 29 An American sweep of the medals in the women's 3m springboard diving event at the Antwerp Olympics; Aileen Riggin wins gold ahead of teammates Helen Wainwright & Thelma Payne
  • Aug 31 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • Aug 31 Detroit radio station 8MK (now WWJ, 950AM) is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air