On This Day

Historical Events in 1920 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 330 of 330

  • Aug 20 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20 Preliminary meeting is conducted in Akron, Ohio to form American Professional Football Association and elect officers, installing Jim Thorpe as president

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Aug 20 Red Sox-Indians game postponed in Boston to allow Indian players to attend Ray Chapman's funeral in Cleveland
  • Aug 21 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Flossmoor CC: American based Scotsman Jock Hutchison beats J. Douglas Edgar of England, 1-up; first of Hutchinson's 2 majors
  • Aug 23 Mary Roberts Rinehart & Avery Roberts play "The Bat" based on Reinhart's novel "The Circular Staircase"premieres on Broadway in New York
  • Aug 23 American swimmer Warren Kealoha wins first of 2 consecutive Olympic gold medals in the 100m backstroke, beating team mate Ray Kegeris at the Antwerp Games
  • Aug 24 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • Aug 25 1st US woman to win in Olympics (Ethelda Bleibtrey)
  • Aug 25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • Aug 25 American swimmer Norman Ross wins his first of 3 gold medals at the Antwerp Olympics in dominating men's 1,500m freestyle; also wins 400m freestyle and 4 x 200m freestyle relay
  • Aug 25 Ethelda Bleibtrey leads an American medal sweep of the Antwerp Olympics women's 100m freestyle with a world record swim of 1:13.6
  • Aug 25 Swedish divers sweep the medals in the men's plain high diving event at the Antwerp Olympics; Arvid Wallman wins gold ahead of team mates Nils Skoglund & John Jansson
  • Aug 26 Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 mins
  • Aug 27 American diver Louis Kuehn leads a US medal sweep in the men's 3m springboard event at the Antwerp Olympics; team mates Clarence Pinkston & Louis Balbach take the minor medals
  • Aug 28 American swimmer Norman Ross wins his 2nd of 3 gold medals at the Antwerp Olympics; beats team mate Ludwig Langer in the men's 400m freestyle; also wins 1,500m and 4 x 200m freestyle relay

  • Aug 28 Ethelda Bleibtrey leads an American medal sweep of the Antwerp Olympics women's 300m freestyle with a world record swim of 4:34.0
  • Aug 29 An American sweep of the medals in the men's 100m freestyle at the Antwerp Olympics; Duke Kahanamoku sets world record 1:00.4 in defending his 1912 gold medal
  • Aug 29 Swedish swimmer Håkan Malmrot completes the breaststroke double at the Antwerp Olympics beating team mate Thor Henning in the 200m; also beats Henning for gold in the 400m
  • Aug 29 Ethelda Bleibtrey wins her 3rd gold medal of the Antwerp Olympics; teams with Irene Guest, Frances Schroth & Margaret Woodbridge in American 4 x 100m freestyle relay team; swims world record 5:11.6
  • Aug 29 An American sweep of the medals in the women's 3m springboard diving event at the Antwerp Olympics; Aileen Riggin wins gold ahead of team mates Helen Wainwright & Thelma Payne
  • Aug 31 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • Aug 31 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
  • Sep 1 France creates Greater Lebanon
  • Sep 1 New town hall of Rotterdam opens
  • Sep 2 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • Sep 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
  • Sep 4 Man o' War wins the 1 5/8-mile Lawrence Realization Stakes at Belmont Park by 100 lengths, the largest winning margin in modern thoroughbred racing history; world record time 2.40.8
  • Sep 5 Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Sep 6 Jack Dempsey KOs Billy Miske in 3 for heavyweight boxing title 1st radio broadcast of a prizefight

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Sep 6 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Tilden wins first of 6 straight US singles titles; beats Bill Johnston 6-1, 1-6, 7-5, 5-7, 6-3
  • Sep 8 US Air Mail service begins (NYC to San Francisco)
  • Sep 12 VII Summer Olympic Games close in Antwerp, Belgium
  • Sep 14 The Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti: Sacco and Vanzetti indicted for murder

USAWall Street Bombing

Sep 16 The "Wall Street bombing" occurs at 12:01 when a horse-drawn wagon explodes on Wall Street, New York, killing 38 and injuring 143
Learn More >>

Aftermath of the attack on Wall Street, September 16, 1920
Aftermath of the attack on Wall Street, September 16, 1920
  • Sep 17 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings

  • Sep 17 National Football League is born in Canton, Ohio; 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Professional Football Association; re-named the NFL in 1922
  • Sep 20 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • Sep 22 Chicago grand jury convenes to investigate charges that 8 White Sox players conspired to fix the 1919 World Series
  • Sep 23 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
  • Sep 23 Despite Japanese protests, China withdraws recognition of Tsarists representatives in China

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 24 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth becomes first to hit 50 home runs in a MLB season with a 1st inning blast off Jose Acosta in a 2-1 loss to the Washington Senators

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Sep 25 Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Sep 25 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats Marion Zinderstein 6-3, 6-1 for her 5th US singles crown
  • Sep 28 8 White Sox indicted, threw 1919 World Series (Black Sox scandal)
  • Sep 28 Dirk Fock appointed as governor-general of Dutch East Indies
  • Sep 29 Yankees slugger Babe Ruth sets then-MLB home run season record at 54 with a 9th inning shot off Dave Keefe in New York's 7-3 win at the Philadelphia A's
  • Sep 29 Belgium annexes Eupen/Malmö dy
  • Sep 29 Joseph Horne Company in Pittsburgh sells radios for $10
  • Sep 30 Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 1 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • Oct 1 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • Oct 2 Cincinnati Reds and Pittsburgh Pirates play first and only MLB triple header in the 20th century; Reds win the first two games, 13-4 and 7-3; Pirates avoid the sweep in the finale, 6-0
  • Oct 2 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • Oct 3 St Browns 1st baseman George Sisler collects his 257th hit of the season to set MLB record that lasts until the 21st century.; Browns beat White Sox, 16 - 7
  • Oct 3 American Pro Football Association (later the NFL) plays 1st full round of games; Dayton Triangles beat Columbus Panhandles, 14-0 in first official game at Triangle Park, Dayton
  • Oct 6 1st brothers oppose each other in World Series, Cleve's Wheeler Johnston pinch-hits as brother Jimmy plays 3rd base for Bkln
  • Oct 9 1st World Series game in Cleveland, Indians win 2-1
  • Oct 10 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • Oct 10 Phoenix Cardinals (then in Chicago) play 1st NFL game, a 0-0 tie
  • Oct 10 Indian Bill Wambsganns makes 1st unassisted World Series triple play
  • Oct 10 Cleveland Indians outfielder Elmer Smith hits baseball's first ever World Series grand slam (Game 5, 1920)
  • Oct 12 Cleveland Indians beat Bkln Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
  • Oct 12 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
  • Oct 12 Man O'War's last race & win
  • Oct 13 World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders
  • Oct 14 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • Oct 17 Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
  • Oct 20 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • Oct 23 Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, & Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal
  • Oct 23 African demonstrators shot in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • Oct 27 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • Oct 27 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins
  • Oct 29 Ed Barrow appointed GM of NY Yankees
  • Oct 30 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • Oct 31 Romania annexes Bessarabia
  • Nov 1 Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the first International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 Warren G. Harding is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate James M. Cox

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Nov 3 "Emperor Jones" opens at Provincetown Theater
  • Nov 8 Baseball meeting to depose Ban Johnson is set for Nov 12th

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 11 Great Britain's monument to her war dead, the Cenotaph in Whitehall, designed by Edwin Lutyens, unveiled
  • Nov 11 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, and at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
  • Nov 12 Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected 1st baseball commissioner
  • Nov 12 The Dalmatian coast between Italy and Yugoslavia is ceded to Yugoslavia
  • Nov 13 Hudson River frozen at Albany
  • Nov 14 American Pro Football League's Chic Tiger Joe Guyon punts 95 yards
  • Nov 14 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • Nov 15 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen" premieres in Nuremberg
  • Nov 15 Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection

  • Nov 15 League of Nations holds first meeting in Geneva
  • Nov 16 Australia's Qantas airways founded in Winton, Queensland as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited
  • Nov 16 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Conn
  • Nov 18 Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC
  • Nov 21 Karel Čapek's "Vec Makropulos" premieres in Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna, Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 25 1st Thanksgiving Parade (Philadelphia)
  • Nov 25 WTAW of College Station, Tx, broadcast 1st football play-by-play
  • Nov 27 "The Mask of Zorro" directed by Fred Niblo and starring Douglas Fairbanks is shown in New York - 1st American superhero film
  • Nov 28 Kilmichael Ambush, Battle of the Irish War of Independence.
  • Dec 3 Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty
  • Dec 4 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds
  • Dec 4 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: U of Toronto Blues win 4th title; beat Toronto Argonauts, 16-3
  • Dec 5 Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
  • Dec 5 Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
  • Dec 7 NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
  • Dec 7 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 August Krogh is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the regulation mechanisms of capillaries in skeletal muscle

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • Dec 12 Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 13 Francis G. Pease's interferometer at Mount Wilson Observatory is the first to measure the diameter of a star - the Betelgeuse
  • Dec 13 League of nations establishes the International Court of Justice in The Hague
  • Dec 13 Netherland breaks contact with Kingdom of Serbia, Croatia and Slavia
  • Dec 14 Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title in NYC
  • Dec 16 8.5 earthquake rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000
  • Dec 17 AL votes to let spitball pitchers to continue using it
  • Dec 17 British Empire receives League of Nations mandate over Nauru
  • Dec 17 Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands
  • Dec 17 South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa
  • Dec 18 1st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
  • Dec 19 1st US indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass)
  • Dec 19 King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
  • Dec 20 Bert Collins scores 104 on Test Cricket debut v England SCG

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 Bob Hope becomes an American citizen

Entertainer Bob Hope
Entertainer
Bob Hope
  • Dec 21 Jerome Kern/BG DeSylva's musical "Sally" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 23 Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act passed partitioning Ireland
  • Dec 24 Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
  • Dec 29 The Netherlands and Venezuela recover diplomatic relations
  • Dec 29 Yugoslav government bans communist party
  • Dec 31 Roy Park makes 1st-ball duck in only Test Cricket inn, v Eng at MCG