On This Day

Historical Events in 1921

  • Jan 1 7th Rose Bowl: California beats Ohio State 28-0
  • Jan 2 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • Jan 2 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • Jan 3 Turkey makes peace with Armenia

Historic Event

Jan 4 Eugene O'Neill's "Diff'rent" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 6 The Iraqi Army is formed

Election of Interest

Jan 16 Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece (4th time)

  • Jan 18 William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador sign Pact of Union
  • Jan 20 British submarine HMS K5 (which was unusually equipped with steam turbines) sinks with 57 crew during exercises in the Bay of Biscay
  • Jan 20 Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
  • Jan 20 Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
  • Jan 20 Republic of Turkey declared out of remnants of Ottoman Empire

Historic Event

Jan 21 Italian Communist Party founded at Livorno by Amadeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci

Historic Publication

Jan 21 British crime writer Agatha Christie publishes her first novel "The Mysterious Affair at Styles" introducing the character Hercule Poirot

  • Jan 24 Paris Conference on reparations is held
  • Jan 25 Karel Čapek's play "R.U.R." premieres in Prague, introduces the word "robot"
  • Jan 26 Toronto NHL center Corb Denneny scores 6 goals to lead St. Patricks to a 10-3 win over Hamilton Tigers in Toronto
  • Jan 29 Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon
  • Jan 30 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • Feb 5 Yankees purchase 20 acres in Bronx for Yankee Stadium

Film Release

Feb 6 "The Kid", silent film starring Charlie Chaplin & Jackie Coogan, released

  • Feb 11 Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
  • Feb 12 Soviet troops invade Georgia

Historic Event

Feb 12 Winston Churchill becomes British Minister of Colonies

  • Feb 14 Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
  • Feb 14 Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," in New York
  • Feb 15 Arthur Mailey completes 9-121 v England, Australian Test Cricket rec

Music History

Feb 17 Arthur Honegger's chamber piece "Pastorale D'ete" premieres

  • Feb 18 British troops occupy Dublin
  • Feb 20 Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
  • Feb 21 Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia adopts the country's first constitution
  • Feb 21 The London Conference on the Near East begins: the issue is the Allies' 1920 Treaty of Sevres, which had given part of Turkish Asia Minor to Greece
  • Feb 23 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
  • Feb 24 1st transcontinental flight in 24 hrs flying time arrives in Florida
  • Feb 25 Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia
  • Feb 25 The Living Buddha, Hutuktu, is crowned King of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China
  • Feb 26 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan

Sports History

Feb 27 US Female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard; US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger

  • Feb 27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna
  • Feb 27 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy
  • Mar 1 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • Mar 1 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • Mar 1 Spin bowler Arthur Mailey takes 5 for 119 (record 36 wickets for series) to lead Australia to a 9 wicket 5th Test win over England in Sydney; first ever, 5-0 Ashes cricket series win for Australia
  • Mar 3 Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
  • Mar 3 The Asiatic Inquiry Commission, established by the South African Government, proposes a system of voluntary repatriation and segregation of Indians and prohibits Indians from buying agricultural land in a specified area along the coast
  • Mar 4 Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States

  • Mar 5 The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
  • Mar 5 The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
  • Mar 6 Police in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, issue an edict requiring Women to wear skirts at least 4 inches below the knee
  • Mar 6 The Natal Indian Congress is resuscitated and reorganised at a meeting in Durban, with Ismail Gora as President

Historic Event

Mar 7 Red Army under Trotsky attacks sailors of Kronstadt naval base near St Petersburg, Russia

  • Mar 8 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.

Conference of Interest

Mar 12 Cairo Conference begins, British meeting to determine Middle Eastern policies, Gertrude Bell and T. E. Lawrence attend

  • Mar 13 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
  • Mar 16 Britain signs a trade agreement with the USSR and sends a trade mission to Moscow: this goes against the US, who in the same month refused to sign a trade agreement
  • Mar 17 Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic in London

Historic Event

Mar 17 Vladimir Lenin proclaims New Economic Politics

  • Mar 17 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)
  • Mar 17 The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution
  • Mar 18 2nd Peace of Riga, Poland enlarged
  • Mar 18 Steamer "Hong Koh" runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000
  • Mar 18 80th Grand National: Fred Rees wins aboard 100/9 bet Shaun Spadah; winner is only horse to complete the course without falling
  • Mar 19 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded
  • Mar 20 Upper Silesia votes for amalgamation with Germany in a plebiscite that is 63% in favor
  • Mar 21 Walter Kerr Theater (Ritz, CBS, NBC, ABC) opens at 223 W 48th St NYC
  • Mar 23 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • Mar 31 British coal miners goes on strike

Historic Event

Apr 2 Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new "Theory of Relativity"

  • Apr 4 Stanley Cup Final, Denman Arena, Vancouver, BC: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory

Election of Interest

Apr 7 Revolutionary leader, Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China at Canton, though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords

  • Apr 11 Iowa imposes 1st state cigarette tax
  • Apr 11 KDKA broadcast 1st radio sporting event, a boxing match (Ray-Dundee)
  • Apr 11 Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • Apr 11 The Emirate of Transjordan created
  • Apr 13 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • Apr 14 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • Apr 15 Black Friday in Britain: leaders of transport and rail unions announce a decision not to call for strike action in support of the miners; despite widespread feeling decision a breach of solidarity and a betrayal of the miners
  • Apr 16 Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague
  • Apr 18 Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
  • Apr 18 Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 18 25th Boston Marathon won by Frank Zuna in race record 2:18:57.6
  • Apr 19 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • Apr 23 Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)
  • Apr 24 1st municipal elections for men & women in Belgium
  • Apr 24 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • Apr 27 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
  • Apr 30 American Professional Football Association reorganizes in Akron
  • Apr 30 Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
  • Apr 30 1st American Professional Football Association Championship (1920): undefeated Akron Pros awarded inaugural title
  • May 1 Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
  • May 2 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • May 3 West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
  • May 3 Northern Ireland is created under the UK Government of Ireland Act partitioning off six north eastern counties with a Protestant majority
  • May 5 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
  • May 5 Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)

Historic Event

May 5 Perfume Chanel No. 5 released by fashion designer Coco Chanel

  • May 6 Teams from the National Association Football League and the Southern New England Soccer League merge to form the American Soccer League (ASL); collapses 1933
  • May 7 47th Kentucky Derby: Charles Thompson on Behave Yourself wins 2:04.2
  • May 8 Sweden abolishes capital punishment
  • May 10 Luigi Pirandello's "Sei Personaggi in Cerca d'Autore" premieres
  • May 11 Tel Aviv is 1st all Jewish municipality
  • May 11 The Allied Supreme Council warns Germany to pay reparations or the entire Ruhr Valley will be occupied; Germany agrees
  • May 12 National Hospital Day 1st observed in the United States
  • May 14 Florence Allen is 1st woman judge to sentence a man to death in Ohio

Election of Interest

May 14 Mussolini's fascists obtain 29 parliamentary seats in Italian elections

  • May 15 British Legion formed to care for ex-servicemen
  • May 16 46th Preakness: F Coltiletti aboard Broomspun wins in 1:54.2
  • May 17 Belgian and Luxembourg sign customs union
  • May 17 US President Warren G. Harding opens (via telephone) 1st Valencia Orange Show
  • May 19 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
  • May 21 Oldest radio station west of Mississippi River licensed in Greeley Co.
  • May 23 Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake's musical "Shuffle Along" premieres on Broadway at Daly's 63rd Street Theatre, New York City [1]
  • May 24 1st parliament for Northern Ireland elected
  • May 24 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter leads 6 squadrons and artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at annual gathering on land of leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed
  • May 30 Lord Dunsany's "If" premieres in London
  • May 30 Memorial to Capt. Eddie Grant, killed in WW I, unveiled at Polo Grounds, NYC
  • May 30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton accompanied by riding mechanic Harry Franck wins the first of two 500 victories after Ralph DePalma had led for 109 laps
  • May 31 Boston Red Sox 1st baseman John "Stuffy" McInnis begins an errorless string of 1,700 chances
  • May 31 A large-scale race riot breaks out in Tulsa, Oklahoma, later described as the worst incident of racial violence in American history; around 150-300 African Americans killed [1]
  • Jun 3 A sudden cloudburst kills 120 near Pikes Peak, Colorado
  • Jun 6 Detroit Stars' Bill Gatewood pitches the 1st no-hitter in Negro League history, defeating the Cuban Stars 4-0

Historic Event

Jun 6 Southwark Bridge in London is opened to traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.

Sports History

Jun 11 53rd Belmont: Earl Sande riding Grey Lag wins in 2:16.8

  • Jun 11 Brazil adopts women's suffrage
  • Jun 13 Yanks' pitcher Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs beating Tigers 11-8

Historic Event

Jun 15 Bessie Coleman earns her pilot license in France becoming the 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold one

  • Jun 19 Census held in Great Britain
  • Jun 19 Turks and Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
  • Jun 20 11.5" (29.2 cm) of rainfall, Circle, Montana (state record)
  • Jun 20 At the Imperial Conference in London, V.S. Srinivasa Sastri puts forward a case for the granting of full citizenship rights to Indians in South Africa and other British colonies
  • Jun 21 The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations

World Record

Jun 22 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:40.2)

  • Jun 25 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: former local Jock Hutchison (resident in US) wins his only Open Championship by 9 strokes in a 36-hole playoff over amateur Roger Wethered
  • Jun 25 Charlie McCartney scores 300 in 205 mins Aust v Notts
  • Jun 30 The South African Reserve Bank is established

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 1 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen of France beats doubles specialist Elizabeth Ryan 6-2, 6-0 for her 3rd straight Wimbledon singles title

  • Jul 1 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats South African Brian Norton 4-6, 2-6, 6-1, 6-0, 7-5 for the third of 10 Grand Slam singles titles

Boxing Title Fight

Jul 2 In boxing's first million dollar gate ($1.7m), world heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey KOs Frenchman Georges Carpentier in round 4 of his 3rd title defence; crowd 91,000 at Boyle's Thirty Acres in Jersey City, New Jersey

  • Jul 2 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany
  • Jul 11 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)

Baseball Record

Jul 12 Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs

  • Jul 12 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
  • Jul 14 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted of killing their shoe company's paymaster and sentenced to death, in Dedham Massachusetts

Historic Event

Jul 16 Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

  • Jul 18 Babe Ruth achieves 139 home runs and becomes the all-time home run leader in Major League Baseball, taking the title from Roger Connor
  • Jul 18 Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
  • Jul 18 Babe Ruth smacks a home run a MLB record 575 feet in New York Yankees' 10-1 win over the Tigers at Detroit's Navin Field

Historic Event

Jul 20 Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson becomes the first woman to preside over the floor of US House of Representatives

  • Jul 21 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) hit a record 16 doubles
  • Jul 21 To prove his contention that air power is superior to sea power, US Colonel William Mitchell demonstrates how bombs from planes can sink a captured German battleship

US Golf Open

Jul 22 US Open Men's Golf, Columbia CC: Englishman Jim Barnes wins the 3rd of his 4 major titles by 9 strokes ahead of runners-up Walter Hagen and Fred McLeod

  • Jul 23 Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • Jul 23 Edward Gourdin of US sets long jump record at 25' 2 3/4"
  • Jul 24 15th Tour de France won by Leon Scieur of Belgium
  • Jul 27 2nd government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Historic Event

Jul 27 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

Sports History

Jul 29 Cleveland's 125th anniversary celebration: Cy Young, 54, pitches 2 inn

  • Jul 29 New rules of language assumed (equal rights Flemings/Walen Belgium)

Historic Event

Jul 29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

  • Jul 30 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
  • Aug 2 After 3 hours deliberation a Chicago jury acquits 8 Chicago White Sox accused in Black Sox scandal; next day they are banned from organised baseball for life
  • Aug 3 1st aerial crop dusting in Troy, Ohio, to kill caterpillars
  • Aug 3 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Landis hands out life bans to 8 Chicago White Sox players accused in Black Sox scandal despite their acquittal by a Chicago jury
  • Aug 5 KDKA Pittsburgh presents first radio broadcast of MLB; Pirates beat Phillies, 8-0; Harold Arlin first play-by-play broadcaster
  • Aug 5 Treaty of Berlin: US and Germany sign separate peace treaty
  • Aug 6 Clason Point, Bronx to College Point, Queens muni ferry system begins
  • Aug 7 Dutch cyclist Piet Moeskops wins the 1st of 4 straight, and 5 total world sprint championships when he beats defending champion Bob Spears of Australia in Copenhagen

Polio

Aug 10 FDR stricken with a paralytic illness at summer home on Canadian island of Campobello. At the time it was thought to be polio, but could possibly have been Guillain–Barré syndrome

Theater Premiere

Aug 13 Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's comedic play "Dulcy" premieres in NYC

  • Aug 14 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • Aug 16 Members of the Dail (parliament) swear allegiance to the Irish Republic at their first meeting, held at Dublin House

Baseball Record

Aug 19 Detroit's Tiger Ty Cobb, is 4th to get 3,000 hits against Boston Red Sox, the youngest ever

  • Aug 20 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Germantown CC, PA: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory wins her 6th US singles title; beats 3-time champion Mary Browne 4-6, 6-4, 6-2

Historic Event

Aug 22 J. Edgar Hoover becomes Assistant Director of the FBI

  • Aug 23 British declare a truce with Irish Nationalists Sinn Féin
  • Aug 23 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • Aug 24 Battle of Sakaray Valley begins between Turkey & Greece
  • Aug 24 British airship R-38 crashes in River Humber, 44 die
  • Aug 25 US signs peace treaty with Germany
  • Aug 25 Yankee pitcher Harry Harper hits 3 batters in an inning tying record
  • Aug 25 The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain, a civil uprising in Logan County, West Virginia
  • Aug 27 J E Clair of Acme Packing Co of Green Bay granted an NFL franchise
  • Aug 28 2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris)
  • Aug 28 Babe Ruth starts streak of an extra-base hit in 9 straight games
  • Sep 1 Nederlander Theater opens at 208 W 41 St NYC (Billy Rose, Trafalgar)
  • Sep 3 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, NYC, NY: Americans Watson Washburn & William Norris beat Japanese pair Ichiya Kumagae & Zenzo Shimizuto 6-2, 7-5, 4-6, 7-5 for 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • Sep 3 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms

Baseball Record

Sep 5 Walter Johnson sets MLB strikeout mark at 2,287

  • Sep 7 In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held.
  • Sep 8 1st Miss America crowned in Atlantic City - Margaret Gorman (16) of Washington, D.C.
  • Sep 9 Guatemala, Honduras and San Salvador agree to Central American Union
  • Sep 11 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
  • Sep 15 Pope Benedict XV publishes encyclical Alcohol Paraclitus
  • Sep 15 WBZ-AM in Boston MA begins radio transmissions
  • Sep 19 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden successfully defends title; beats Wallace F. Johnson 6-1, 6-3, 6-1
  • Sep 21 Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians