Historical Events in August 1923

Sports History

Aug 3 Baseball games cancelled following the death of US President Warren G. Harding

Historic Event

Aug 3 Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

Historic Event

Aug 6 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany

  • Aug 6 Henry Sullivan becomes 3rd person and first American to swim English Channel (27 hours 25 minutes Dover-Calais)
  • Aug 9 NY State Golf Association formed
  • Aug 11 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • Aug 12 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • Aug 12 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • Aug 13 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

Appointment of Interest

Aug 13 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as 1st President of Turkey

  • Aug 13 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day

Historic Event

Aug 15 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State

  • Aug 15 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
  • Aug 18 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Brisbane: Pat O'Hara Wood wins his 2nd Australasian title; beats fellow Australian Bert St John 6-1, 6-1, 6-3
  • Aug 18 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Brisbane: Margaret Molesworth retains title; beats Esna Boyd 6-1, 7-5

US Open Women's Tennis

Aug 18 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Germantown CC, PA: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6-2, 6-1 for her first of 7 US singles crowns

  • Aug 20 London dock strike ends
  • Aug 23 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.

World Record

Aug 23 Paavo Nurmi of Finland runs world record for 1 mile of 4:10.4 in Stockholm; record stands until 1931

  • Aug 24 Paavo Nurmi of Finland runs world record 3 mile time of 14:11.2 in Stockholm; intermediate time during 5000m event
  • Aug 31 Italian troops occupy Corfu
  • Aug 31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)

Historic Event

Aug 31 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border