On This Day

Historical Events in 1923 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 308 of 308

  • Sep 1 A magnitude 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo and Yokohama in Japan, killing 142,000 people
  • Sep 2 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, NYC, NY: Bill Johnson beats John Hawkes 6-0, 6-2, 6-1 for unassailable 3-1 lead for US over Australia; ends 4-1; US 4th straight win
  • Sep 3 Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 4 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • Sep 4 New York Yankees pitcher 'Sad Sam' Jones no-hits Philadelphia A's, 2-0
  • Sep 4 Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.
  • Sep 5 Flyweights Gene LaRue & Kid Pancho KO each other simultaneously

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates her silver jubilee

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Sep 7 Boston Red Sox Howard Ehmke no-hits Philadelphia A's, 4-0
  • Sep 7 Interpol forms in Vienna
  • Sep 7 Mary Katherine Campbell (Ohio), 16, crowned 2nd Miss America 1922-23
  • Sep 8 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • Sep 9 Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
  • Sep 10 Irish Free state joins League of Nations
  • Sep 11 After a single, Red Sox Howard Ehmke retires next 27 Yanks
  • Sep 11 Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run

  • Sep 11 ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
  • Sep 12 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • Sep 13 With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Sep 14 In his 4th heavyweight boxing title defence Jack Dempsey recovers after being sent through the ropes to KO Argentine challenger Luis Firpo in the 2nd round at the Polo Grounds, NYC

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Sep 14 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • Sep 14 Red Sox 1st baseman George Burns pulls off an unassisted triple play
  • Sep 15 Governor Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror
  • Sep 15 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins 4th of 6 straight US singles titles; beats Bill Johnston 6-4, 6-1, 6-4
  • Sep 17 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • Sep 19 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
  • Sep 23 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 26 Gustav Stresemann government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied

German Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
German Chancellor
Gustav Stresemann
  • Sep 26 The Commonwealth Conference is held in London, where Britain recognizes the right of the Dominions to make treaties with foreign powers
  • Sep 27 Italian troops leave occupied Corfu

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 27 NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits 1st of his 493 HRs

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Sep 28 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • Sep 28 Radio Times 1st published
  • Sep 28 Yanks slaughter Red Sox 24-4
  • Sep 29 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pelham CC: Defending champion Gene Sarazen beats Walter Hagan in 38 holes for 3rd of his 7 major titles
  • Sep 29 Steinhart Aquarium in Golden Gate Park opens to public

  • Oct 2 British occuping army leaves Constantinople
  • Oct 4 Young Stribling ostensibly beats Mike McTigue on points in Columbus, Georgia for world light-heavyweight boxing title; referee Harry Ertle later calls fight a draw, claims coerced by promoters to award fight to Stribling; McTigue retains title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Oct 6 1st NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
  • Oct 6 US Lt Al Williams fly 392.2 KPH (record)
  • Oct 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar
  • Oct 7 Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
  • Oct 10 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government
  • Oct 10 NY Giants & NY Yankees become 1st teams to play each other for 3 consecutive World Series, also 1st played at Yankee Stadium

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Oct 11 Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a World Series game

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Oct 11 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 NY Giant's Casey Stengel HR beats Yanks 1-0 in World Series

Baseball Hall of Fame Manager Casey Stengel
Baseball Hall of Fame Manager
Casey Stengel
  • Oct 13 Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital
  • Oct 15 NY Yankees 1st World Series win beating NY Giants, 4 games to 2
  • Oct 16 Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio founded
  • Oct 16 John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland)
  • Oct 17 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
  • Oct 19 Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks
  • Oct 19 Beierse government refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Völkischer Beobachter
  • Oct 21 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • Oct 23 Legendary Yankees slugger Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a rival Giants uniform as NY beats Baltimore Orioles, 9-0 in a benefit game for former Giants owner John Day
  • Oct 24 General Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 25 Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal

Lawyer and Politician Thomas J. Walsh
Lawyer and Politician
Thomas J. Walsh
  • Oct 26 Dutch second Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
  • Oct 26 Dutch Government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck resigns
  • Oct 29 Gibbs/Grey/Wood's revue "Runnin' Wild" (introducing Charleston) opens on Broadway, New York City
  • Oct 29 Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxon
  • Oct 29 Textile strike against lower wages begins in Enschede, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • Oct 29 Mustafa Kemal officially confirms Turkey as a republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), now commemorated annually as the Republic Day of Turkey
  • Oct 31 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees F begin at Marble Bar, Australia
  • Nov 1 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
  • Nov 2 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic
  • Nov 2 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down
  • Nov 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"

BattleCoup d'état

Nov 8 Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party stage "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • Nov 9 Beer Hall Putsch's second day in Munich; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die and Adolf Hitler flees
  • Nov 10 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • Nov 11 Eternal flame lit for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • Nov 12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup
  • Nov 12 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • Nov 14 Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 Béla Bartòk's "Tancsuite" premieres

Composer and Pianist Béla Bartok
Composer and Pianist
Béla Bartok
  • Nov 19 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures
  • Nov 20 Garrett Morgan patents his traffic signal design, an important development in automobile safety
  • Nov 20 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 Cecil B. DeMille's first version of "The Ten Commandments" premieres in the USA

Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille
  • Nov 24 Radio Belgium's 1st transmission
  • Nov 29 The Dawes Commission, chaired by the American Banker Charles G. Dawes, is set up to look into the German economic situation and make recommendations that the US can accept
  • Nov 30 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • Dec 1 Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Queen's University retains title with 54-0 win over Regina Rugby Club; biggest Grey Cup victory margin ever
  • Dec 3 First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington, D.C.)

  • Dec 4 WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
  • Dec 6 1st US Presidential address broadcast on radio by President Calvin Coolidge
  • Dec 8 German-US friendship treaty signed
  • Dec 8 Labour/Liberals win British parliament
  • Dec 8 Salary & price freeze in Germany
  • Dec 10 Polish government of Grabski forms
  • Dec 16 National Football League Championship: undefeated Canton Bulldogs (11-0-1) repeat as champions
  • Dec 17 Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic
  • Dec 18 International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco
  • Dec 21 Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
  • Dec 22 Bill Ponsford & Edgar Mayne make 456 opening stand for Vict
  • Dec 23 Yankees pitcher Carl Mays sold to Reds for $85,000
  • Dec 25 Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 George Bernard Shaw's "St Joan" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 31 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester
  • Dec 31 BBC begins using Big Ben chime ID
  • Dec 31 Harry Tierney and Joseph McCarthy's musical "Kid Boots," premieres in New York City